Five natural compounds of botanical origin as wheat protectants against adults and larvae of Tenebrio molitor L. and Trogoderma granarium Everts.Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2021 Aug; 28(31):42763-42775.ES
The botanical substances constitute valuable alternatives to synthetic insecticides. In the last decades, numerous substances of natural origin have been tested against stored-product insects, mostly as fumigants or for contact toxicity, while there is limited knowledge on the efficacy of plant secondary metabolites if used as grain protectants. In the present study, we evaluated the lethal activity of 2-undecanone, acetic acid, trans-anethole, furfural, (E)-2-decenal and (E, E)-2,4-decadienal as wheat protectants for the management of larvae and adults of two important storage pests, Tenebrio molitor (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae) and Trogoderma granarium (Coleoptera: Dermestidae). 2-undecanone caused 98.9% mortality to the exposed T. molitor adults at 1000 μl/kg wheat 7 days post-exposure, while acetic acid and furfural followed providing 94.4% and 92.2% mortality respectively. 2-Undecanone and (E)-2-decenal caused the highest mortalities to T. molitor larvae (i.e., 87.8% and 80.0% respectively) exposed to 1000 μl/kg wheat for 7 days. All T. granarium adults were dead at 1000 μl (E)-2-decenal or acetic acid/kg wheat 5 or 7 days post-exposure respectively. Complete (100%) mortality was assessed for larvae exposed to (E, E)-2,4-decadienal and (E)-2-decenal at 1000 μl/kg wheat after 4 and 6 days respectively. Our findings report for the first time that 2-undecanone, (E)-2-decenal, and (E, E)-2,4-decadienal are effective new candidate control agents of different developmental stages of T. molitor and T. granarium.