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Clinical, laboratory, and imaging features of pediatric COVID-19: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
Medicine (Baltimore). 2021 Apr 16; 100(15):e25230.M

Abstract

ABSTRACT

Pediatric cases of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) have been reported. This meta-analysis was aimed at describing the clinical, laboratory, and imaging characteristics of children with COVID-19 based on published data of pediatric COVID-19 cases.Search of PubMed, Embase, Web of Sciences, Science Direct, and Google Scholar for articles published until December 14, 2020, that described the clinical, laboratory, and imaging features of children with COVID-19. Data were extracted independently by 2 authors. Random-effects meta-analysis models were used to report pooled results.Clinical data from 2874 children with COVID-19 from 37 articles were finally included for quantitative analyses. Fever (48.5%, 95% CI: 41.4%-55.6%) and cough (40.6%, 95% CI: 33.9%-47.5%) were the most common symptoms; asymptomatic infection and severe cases, respectively, accounted for 27.7% (95% CI: 19.7%-36.4%) patients and 1.1% of the 1933 patients included. Laboratory tests showed 5.5% (95% CI: 2.8%-8.9%) of the patients had lymphopenia. The pooled prevalence of leukopenia was 7.3% (95% CI: 3.4%-12.2%), and the C-reactive protein level was high in 14.0% (95% CI: 6.8%-22.8%). Chest computed tomography showed unilateral and bilateral lesions, and ground-glass opacity in 29.4% (95% CI: 24.8%-34.3%) and 24.7% (95% CI: 18.2%-31.6%), and 32.9% (95% CI: 25.3%-40.9%), respectively, and normal in approximately 36.0% (95% CI: 27.7%-44.7%).We found that children with COVID-19 had relatively mild disease, with quite a lot of asymptomatic infections and low rate of severe illness. Data from more regions are needed to determine the prevention and treatment strategies for children with COVID-19.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University.Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University.Medical College of Nanchang University.Department of Gastroenterology Medicine, The Third Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University, Nanchang, China.Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University.Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University.Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University.Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University.Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University.Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University.Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Meta-Analysis
Systematic Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

33847620

Citation

Qi, Kai, et al. "Clinical, Laboratory, and Imaging Features of Pediatric COVID-19: a Systematic Review and Meta-analysis." Medicine, vol. 100, no. 15, 2021, pp. e25230.
Qi K, Zeng W, Ye M, et al. Clinical, laboratory, and imaging features of pediatric COVID-19: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Medicine (Baltimore). 2021;100(15):e25230.
Qi, K., Zeng, W., Ye, M., Zheng, L., Song, C., Hu, S., Duan, C., Wei, Y., Peng, J., Zhang, W., & Xu, J. (2021). Clinical, laboratory, and imaging features of pediatric COVID-19: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Medicine, 100(15), e25230. https://doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000025230
Qi K, et al. Clinical, Laboratory, and Imaging Features of Pediatric COVID-19: a Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. Medicine (Baltimore). 2021 Apr 16;100(15):e25230. PubMed PMID: 33847620.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Clinical, laboratory, and imaging features of pediatric COVID-19: A systematic review and meta-analysis. AU - Qi,Kai, AU - Zeng,Weibiao, AU - Ye,Miao, AU - Zheng,Li, AU - Song,Chao, AU - Hu,Sheng, AU - Duan,Chuanhui, AU - Wei,Yiping, AU - Peng,Jinhua, AU - Zhang,Wenxiong, AU - Xu,Jianjun, PY - 2020/10/22/received PY - 2021/02/27/accepted PY - 2021/4/13/entrez PY - 2021/4/14/pubmed PY - 2021/4/21/medline SP - e25230 EP - e25230 JF - Medicine JO - Medicine (Baltimore) VL - 100 IS - 15 N2 - ABSTRACT: Pediatric cases of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) have been reported. This meta-analysis was aimed at describing the clinical, laboratory, and imaging characteristics of children with COVID-19 based on published data of pediatric COVID-19 cases.Search of PubMed, Embase, Web of Sciences, Science Direct, and Google Scholar for articles published until December 14, 2020, that described the clinical, laboratory, and imaging features of children with COVID-19. Data were extracted independently by 2 authors. Random-effects meta-analysis models were used to report pooled results.Clinical data from 2874 children with COVID-19 from 37 articles were finally included for quantitative analyses. Fever (48.5%, 95% CI: 41.4%-55.6%) and cough (40.6%, 95% CI: 33.9%-47.5%) were the most common symptoms; asymptomatic infection and severe cases, respectively, accounted for 27.7% (95% CI: 19.7%-36.4%) patients and 1.1% of the 1933 patients included. Laboratory tests showed 5.5% (95% CI: 2.8%-8.9%) of the patients had lymphopenia. The pooled prevalence of leukopenia was 7.3% (95% CI: 3.4%-12.2%), and the C-reactive protein level was high in 14.0% (95% CI: 6.8%-22.8%). Chest computed tomography showed unilateral and bilateral lesions, and ground-glass opacity in 29.4% (95% CI: 24.8%-34.3%) and 24.7% (95% CI: 18.2%-31.6%), and 32.9% (95% CI: 25.3%-40.9%), respectively, and normal in approximately 36.0% (95% CI: 27.7%-44.7%).We found that children with COVID-19 had relatively mild disease, with quite a lot of asymptomatic infections and low rate of severe illness. Data from more regions are needed to determine the prevention and treatment strategies for children with COVID-19. SN - 1536-5964 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/33847620/Clinical_laboratory_and_imaging_features_of_pediatric_COVID_19:_A_systematic_review_and_meta_analysis_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000025230 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -