Gastroduodenal endoscopic-histologic correlation in pediatric patients.J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 1988 May-Jun; 7(3):353-8.JP
The histopathologic abnormalities in endoscopic biopsies from the stomach and duodenal bulb were correlated with the visual findings of upper gastrointestinal endoscopy in 94 children (mean age, 8.4 years; 51 boys and 43 girls) with a variety of complaints. Histology was graded by observers blinded to the endoscopic findings, and both endoscopy and histology were graded using scales reflecting increasing severity with increasing grade. In all three locations studied (gastric body, antrum, and duodenal bulb), endoscopic grade was significantly higher than the histologic grade. Correlation was especially poor with mild endoscopic findings such as erythema and granularity/nodularity, which had little predictive value for histologic inflammation. Few patients had severe disease with eight of 94 having ulcer by endoscopy and seven of 94 having greater than grade 2 histologic disease in any location. We conclude that endoscopy without biopsy should not be used to diagnose gastroduodenal inflammation in pediatric patients.