Seasonal fluctuations of gastrointestinal helminths of camels in Kuwait.Vet Parasitol. 1988 Apr; 28(1-2):93-102.VP
Over a period of 1 year, from May 1982 to April 1983, the gastrointestinal tracts of 240 camels were examined for the presence of parasitic helminths. The study quantifies the prevalence of gastrointestinal helminths and the seasonal fluctuations in intestinal worm burdens and faecal worm egg counts. Among the three species of cestodes and eight species of nematodes which were recorded for the first time from Kuwait, Trichostrongylus probolurus (93.8%), T. colubriformis (34.2%) and Stilesia vittata (30.0%) were the most prevalent in the small intestine and Camelostrongylus mentulatus (59.6%) in the abomasum. Estimation of the intestinal worm burdens and faecal worm egg counts showed that Trichostrongylus infections were by far the most predominant. The highest worm and egg counts were recorded in June and August, during the hot dry season. This rise is attributed to infections acquired from February to April, during the cool wet season. Possibly the most effective control can be achieved by a critical treatment at the end of the wet season coinciding with the first rise in nematode population.