Carnitine/organic cation transporter 1 precipitates the progression of interstitial fibrosis through oxidative stress in diabetic nephropathy in mice.Sci Rep. 2021 Apr 27; 11(1):9093.SR
Carnitine/organic cation transporter 1 (OCTN1) is the only known uptake transporter for ergothioneine which is a food-derived strong antioxidant amino acid that is absorbed by OCTN1. We previously reported the roles of OCTN1/ergothioneine in the progression of kidney fibrosis in ischemic kidney disease. In this study, we evaluated the roles of OCTN1 in the progression of diabetic kidney disease. A diabetic kidney disease model was induced in octn1 knockout and wild-type mice by streptozotocin (STZ). Oxidative stress, represented by urinary 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG), were higher in the octn1 knockout mice. Azan- and Sirius red-positive areas increased significantly in the octn1 knockout mice. Gene expression was evaluated by cluster analysis, and shown to be different in the octn1 knockout mice compared with the wild-type mice. In a pathway analysis, the pathway associated with the cytoskeleton and cell adhesion increased. In accordance with interstitial fibrosis in octn1 knockout mice, gene expression of moesin in the injured kidney, known as an associated protein of cytoskeleton and cell membranes, was doubled 28 weeks after STZ injection. In addition, the moesin protein was expressed in a part of α-SMA-positive renal tubular epithelial cells. These findings were confirmed by cultured murine proximal tubular epithelial cells: The expression of moesin was induced under oxidative stress with hydrogen peroxide. These data indicate that OCTN1 would play some roles in progression of interstitial fibrosis under oxidative stress via moesin expression in diabetic kidney disease.