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The association between adherence to the MIND diet and stroke: a case-control study.
Nutr Neurosci. 2022 Sep; 25(9):1956-1961.NN

Abstract

OBJECTIVES

Although some components of MIND diet were associated with stroke, no information is available on the association between adherence to the MIND diet and odds of stroke. This study was conducted to investigate the association between adherence to the MIND diet and odds of stroke among Iranian adults.

METHODS

This case-control study was done on 193 hospitalized stroke cases and 195 hospital-based controls in Al-Zahra hospital, Isfahan, Iran. Dietary intakes of study participants were assessed using a validated 168-item food frequency questionnaire (FFQ). The MIND diet score was computed based on participants' dietary intakes obtained from FFQ. Stroke was confirmed by a trained neurologist using standard imaging methods.

RESULTS

After controlling for age, sex, energy intake, physical activity, smoking, hypertension, diabetes, dyslipidemia, and heart disease, there was no significant association between adherence to the MIND diet and stroke (OR: 0.54; 95% CI: 0.26, 1.12). However, after further adjustment for BMI, we found that those with the greatest adherence to the MIND diet were less likely to have stroke compared with those with the lowest adherence; such that greater adherence to the MIND diet was associated with a 59% reduced odds of stroke (OR: 0.41; 95% CI: 0.18-0.94).

CONCLUSION

In conclusion, we found that adherence to the MIND diet was inversely associated with odds of stroke in a case-control study. Further studies are required to confirm these findings.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Community Nutrition, School of Nutritional Sciences and Dietetics, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.Department of Community Nutrition, School of Nutritional Sciences and Dietetics, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.Medical Students' Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.Department of Medicine, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada. Integrative Functional Gastroenterology Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.Department of Community Nutrition, School of Nutritional Sciences and Dietetics, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.Isfahan Neuroscience Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.Department of Community Nutrition, School of Nutritional Sciences and Dietetics, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. Obesity and Eating Habits Research Center, Endocrinology and Metabolism Molecular-Cellular Sciences Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. Department of Community Nutrition, School of Nutrition and Food Science, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

33926371

Citation

Salari-Moghaddam, Asma, et al. "The Association Between Adherence to the MIND Diet and Stroke: a Case-control Study." Nutritional Neuroscience, vol. 25, no. 9, 2022, pp. 1956-1961.
Salari-Moghaddam A, Nouri-Majd S, Shakeri F, et al. The association between adherence to the MIND diet and stroke: a case-control study. Nutr Neurosci. 2022;25(9):1956-1961.
Salari-Moghaddam, A., Nouri-Majd, S., Shakeri, F., Keshteli, A. H., Benisi-Kohansal, S., Saadatnia, M., & Esmaillzadeh, A. (2022). The association between adherence to the MIND diet and stroke: a case-control study. Nutritional Neuroscience, 25(9), 1956-1961. https://doi.org/10.1080/1028415X.2021.1918982
Salari-Moghaddam A, et al. The Association Between Adherence to the MIND Diet and Stroke: a Case-control Study. Nutr Neurosci. 2022;25(9):1956-1961. PubMed PMID: 33926371.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The association between adherence to the MIND diet and stroke: a case-control study. AU - Salari-Moghaddam,Asma, AU - Nouri-Majd,Saeedeh, AU - Shakeri,Forough, AU - Keshteli,Ammar Hassanzadeh, AU - Benisi-Kohansal,Sanaz, AU - Saadatnia,Mohammad, AU - Esmaillzadeh,Ahmad, Y1 - 2021/04/30/ PY - 2021/5/1/pubmed PY - 2021/5/1/medline PY - 2021/4/30/entrez KW - Case–control study KW - MIND diet KW - chronic disease KW - stroke SP - 1956 EP - 1961 JF - Nutritional neuroscience JO - Nutr Neurosci VL - 25 IS - 9 N2 - OBJECTIVES: Although some components of MIND diet were associated with stroke, no information is available on the association between adherence to the MIND diet and odds of stroke. This study was conducted to investigate the association between adherence to the MIND diet and odds of stroke among Iranian adults. METHODS: This case-control study was done on 193 hospitalized stroke cases and 195 hospital-based controls in Al-Zahra hospital, Isfahan, Iran. Dietary intakes of study participants were assessed using a validated 168-item food frequency questionnaire (FFQ). The MIND diet score was computed based on participants' dietary intakes obtained from FFQ. Stroke was confirmed by a trained neurologist using standard imaging methods. RESULTS: After controlling for age, sex, energy intake, physical activity, smoking, hypertension, diabetes, dyslipidemia, and heart disease, there was no significant association between adherence to the MIND diet and stroke (OR: 0.54; 95% CI: 0.26, 1.12). However, after further adjustment for BMI, we found that those with the greatest adherence to the MIND diet were less likely to have stroke compared with those with the lowest adherence; such that greater adherence to the MIND diet was associated with a 59% reduced odds of stroke (OR: 0.41; 95% CI: 0.18-0.94). CONCLUSION: In conclusion, we found that adherence to the MIND diet was inversely associated with odds of stroke in a case-control study. Further studies are required to confirm these findings. SN - 1476-8305 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/33926371/The_association_between_adherence_to_the_MIND_diet_and_stroke:_a_case_control_study_ L2 - https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/1028415X.2021.1918982 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -