Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Dairy products consumption and the risk of hypertension in adults: An updated systematic review and dose-response meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies.
Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis. 2021 06 30; 31(7):1962-1975.NM

Abstract

AIMS

With an increase in the number of published prospective cohort studies, we sought to summarize the relationship between dairy products consumption and the risk of hypertension (HTN).

DATA SYNTHESIS

We searched PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, Science direct, and Scopus. Pooled RRs and 95% CIs were calculated using a random effects model. The certainty of the evidence was assessed by Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE). Sixteen studies were included in the current meta-analysis. We found an inverse association between total dairy products (RR = 0.90; 95% CI: 0.87, 0.94; n = 16), low-fat dairy products (RR = 0.86; 95% CI: 0.77, 0.96; n = 8), milk (RR = 0.94; 95% CI: 0.90, 0.99; n = 11), and fermented dairy (RR = 0.95; 95% CI: 0.91, 0.99; n = 8) consumption and the risk of HTN. However, in subgroup analysis, despite a significant association for total dairy products in women, Americans, longer and larger studies, and self-reported HTN, no associations were found in males, Europeans, or Asians, and studies which followed participants for <10 years or had <3000 participants or measured HTN. Dose-response analysis revealed a non-linear association between total dairy products and milk consumption and the risk of HTN, but a linear association for low-fat dairy products.

CONCLUSIONS

Higher dairy products consumption was associated with reduced risk of HTN. This association was dependent on sex, geographical region of study, and the stage of HTN. However, the certainty of the evidence was graded either as low or very low.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, School of Health, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran; Cardiac Rehabilitation Research Center, Cardiovascular Research Institute, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.Shahid Motahari Hospital, Fooladshahr, Isfahan, Iran.Centre for Intelligent Healthcare, Coventry University, Coventry, CV1 5FB, UK.Isfahan Cardiovascular Research Center, Cardiovascular Research Institute, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran. Electronic address: f_haghighatdoost@yahoo.com.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Meta-Analysis
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Systematic Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

33985895

Citation

Heidari, Zahra, et al. "Dairy Products Consumption and the Risk of Hypertension in Adults: an Updated Systematic Review and Dose-response Meta-analysis of Prospective Cohort Studies." Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD, vol. 31, no. 7, 2021, pp. 1962-1975.
Heidari Z, Rashidi Pour Fard N, Clark CCT, et al. Dairy products consumption and the risk of hypertension in adults: An updated systematic review and dose-response meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies. Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis. 2021;31(7):1962-1975.
Heidari, Z., Rashidi Pour Fard, N., Clark, C. C. T., & Haghighatdoost, F. (2021). Dairy products consumption and the risk of hypertension in adults: An updated systematic review and dose-response meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies. Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD, 31(7), 1962-1975. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.numecd.2021.02.033
Heidari Z, et al. Dairy Products Consumption and the Risk of Hypertension in Adults: an Updated Systematic Review and Dose-response Meta-analysis of Prospective Cohort Studies. Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis. 2021 06 30;31(7):1962-1975. PubMed PMID: 33985895.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Dairy products consumption and the risk of hypertension in adults: An updated systematic review and dose-response meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies. AU - Heidari,Zahra, AU - Rashidi Pour Fard,Nafiseh, AU - Clark,Cain C T, AU - Haghighatdoost,Fahimeh, Y1 - 2021/03/26/ PY - 2020/07/04/received PY - 2021/02/23/revised PY - 2021/02/25/accepted PY - 2021/5/15/pubmed PY - 2021/9/28/medline PY - 2021/5/14/entrez KW - Blood pressure KW - Dairy KW - Hypertension KW - Meta-analysis KW - Milk KW - Yogurt SP - 1962 EP - 1975 JF - Nutrition, metabolism, and cardiovascular diseases : NMCD JO - Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis VL - 31 IS - 7 N2 - AIMS: With an increase in the number of published prospective cohort studies, we sought to summarize the relationship between dairy products consumption and the risk of hypertension (HTN). DATA SYNTHESIS: We searched PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, Science direct, and Scopus. Pooled RRs and 95% CIs were calculated using a random effects model. The certainty of the evidence was assessed by Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE). Sixteen studies were included in the current meta-analysis. We found an inverse association between total dairy products (RR = 0.90; 95% CI: 0.87, 0.94; n = 16), low-fat dairy products (RR = 0.86; 95% CI: 0.77, 0.96; n = 8), milk (RR = 0.94; 95% CI: 0.90, 0.99; n = 11), and fermented dairy (RR = 0.95; 95% CI: 0.91, 0.99; n = 8) consumption and the risk of HTN. However, in subgroup analysis, despite a significant association for total dairy products in women, Americans, longer and larger studies, and self-reported HTN, no associations were found in males, Europeans, or Asians, and studies which followed participants for <10 years or had <3000 participants or measured HTN. Dose-response analysis revealed a non-linear association between total dairy products and milk consumption and the risk of HTN, but a linear association for low-fat dairy products. CONCLUSIONS: Higher dairy products consumption was associated with reduced risk of HTN. This association was dependent on sex, geographical region of study, and the stage of HTN. However, the certainty of the evidence was graded either as low or very low. SN - 1590-3729 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/33985895/Dairy_products_consumption_and_the_risk_of_hypertension_in_adults:_An_updated_systematic_review_and_dose_response_meta_analysis_of_prospective_cohort_studies_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0939-4753(21)00129-0 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -