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Safety, Immunogenicity, and Efficacy of the BNT162b2 Covid-19 Vaccine in Adolescents.
N Engl J Med. 2021 May 27 [Online ahead of print]NEJM

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Until very recently, vaccines against severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) had not been authorized for emergency use in persons younger than 16 years of age. Safe, effective vaccines are needed to protect this population, facilitate in-person learning and socialization, and contribute to herd immunity.

METHODS

In this ongoing multinational, placebo-controlled, observer-blinded trial, we randomly assigned participants in a 1:1 ratio to receive two injections, 21 days apart, of 30 μg of BNT162b2 or placebo. Noninferiority of the immune response to BNT162b2 in 12-to-15-year-old participants as compared with that in 16-to-25-year-old participants was an immunogenicity objective. Safety (reactogenicity and adverse events) and efficacy against confirmed coronavirus disease 2019 (Covid-19; onset, ≥7 days after dose 2) in the 12-to-15-year-old cohort were assessed.

RESULTS

Overall, 2260 adolescents 12 to 15 years of age received injections; 1131 received BNT162b2, and 1129 received placebo. As has been found in other age groups, BNT162b2 had a favorable safety and side-effect profile, with mainly transient mild-to-moderate reactogenicity (predominantly injection-site pain [in 79 to 86% of participants], fatigue [in 60 to 66%], and headache [in 55 to 65%]); there were no vaccine-related serious adverse events and few overall severe adverse events. The geometric mean ratio of SARS-CoV-2 50% neutralizing titers after dose 2 in 12-to-15-year-old participants relative to 16-to-25-year-old participants was 1.76 (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.47 to 2.10), which met the noninferiority criterion of a lower boundary of the two-sided 95% confidence interval greater than 0.67 and indicated a greater response in the 12-to-15-year-old cohort. Among participants without evidence of previous SARS-CoV-2 infection, no Covid-19 cases with an onset of 7 or more days after dose 2 were noted among BNT162b2 recipients, and 16 cases occurred among placebo recipients. The observed vaccine efficacy was 100% (95% CI, 75.3 to 100).

CONCLUSIONS

The BNT162b2 vaccine in 12-to-15-year-old recipients had a favorable safety profile, produced a greater immune response than in young adults, and was highly effective against Covid-19. (Funded by BioNTech and Pfizer; C4591001 ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT04368728.).

Authors+Show Affiliations

From Cincinnati Children's Hospital, Cincinnati (R.W.F.); Kaiser Permanente Vaccine Study Center, Oakland (N.P.K.), and the California Research Foundation, San Diego (D.M.B.) - both in California; Vaccine Research and Development, Pfizer, Hurley, United Kingdom (N.K., S.L., R.B.); Vaccine Research and Development, Pfizer, Pearl River (A.G., J.A., K.A.S., K.K., W.V.K., D.C., P.R.D., K.U.J., W.C.G.), and SUNY Upstate Medical University, Syracuse (S.J.T.) - both in New York; Vaccine Research and Development (J.L.P., H.M., X.X.) and Worldwide Safety, Safety Surveillance and Risk Management (S.M.), Pfizer, Collegeville, PA; Duke Human Vaccine Institute, Durham, NC (E.B.W.); Senders Pediatrics, South Euclid, OH (S.S.); Clinical Research Professionals, Chesterfield, MO (T.J.); BioNTech, Mainz, Germany (Ö.T., U.Ş.); and Worldwide Safety, Safety Surveillance and Risk Management, Pfizer, Groton, CT (D.B.T.).From Cincinnati Children's Hospital, Cincinnati (R.W.F.); Kaiser Permanente Vaccine Study Center, Oakland (N.P.K.), and the California Research Foundation, San Diego (D.M.B.) - both in California; Vaccine Research and Development, Pfizer, Hurley, United Kingdom (N.K., S.L., R.B.); Vaccine Research and Development, Pfizer, Pearl River (A.G., J.A., K.A.S., K.K., W.V.K., D.C., P.R.D., K.U.J., W.C.G.), and SUNY Upstate Medical University, Syracuse (S.J.T.) - both in New York; Vaccine Research and Development (J.L.P., H.M., X.X.) and Worldwide Safety, Safety Surveillance and Risk Management (S.M.), Pfizer, Collegeville, PA; Duke Human Vaccine Institute, Durham, NC (E.B.W.); Senders Pediatrics, South Euclid, OH (S.S.); Clinical Research Professionals, Chesterfield, MO (T.J.); BioNTech, Mainz, Germany (Ö.T., U.Ş.); and Worldwide Safety, Safety Surveillance and Risk Management, Pfizer, Groton, CT (D.B.T.).From Cincinnati Children's Hospital, Cincinnati (R.W.F.); Kaiser Permanente Vaccine Study Center, Oakland (N.P.K.), and the California Research Foundation, San Diego (D.M.B.) - both in California; Vaccine Research and Development, Pfizer, Hurley, United Kingdom (N.K., S.L., R.B.); Vaccine Research and Development, Pfizer, Pearl River (A.G., J.A., K.A.S., K.K., W.V.K., D.C., P.R.D., K.U.J., W.C.G.), and SUNY Upstate Medical University, Syracuse (S.J.T.) - both in New York; Vaccine Research and Development (J.L.P., H.M., X.X.) and Worldwide Safety, Safety Surveillance and Risk Management (S.M.), Pfizer, Collegeville, PA; Duke Human Vaccine Institute, Durham, NC (E.B.W.); Senders Pediatrics, South Euclid, OH (S.S.); Clinical Research Professionals, Chesterfield, MO (T.J.); BioNTech, Mainz, Germany (Ö.T., U.Ş.); and Worldwide Safety, Safety Surveillance and Risk Management, Pfizer, Groton, CT (D.B.T.).From Cincinnati Children's Hospital, Cincinnati (R.W.F.); Kaiser Permanente Vaccine Study Center, Oakland (N.P.K.), and the California Research Foundation, San Diego (D.M.B.) - both in California; Vaccine Research and Development, Pfizer, Hurley, United Kingdom (N.K., S.L., R.B.); Vaccine Research and Development, Pfizer, Pearl River (A.G., J.A., K.A.S., K.K., W.V.K., D.C., P.R.D., K.U.J., W.C.G.), and SUNY Upstate Medical University, Syracuse (S.J.T.) - both in New York; Vaccine Research and Development (J.L.P., H.M., X.X.) and Worldwide Safety, Safety Surveillance and Risk Management (S.M.), Pfizer, Collegeville, PA; Duke Human Vaccine Institute, Durham, NC (E.B.W.); Senders Pediatrics, South Euclid, OH (S.S.); Clinical Research Professionals, Chesterfield, MO (T.J.); BioNTech, Mainz, Germany (Ö.T., U.Ş.); and Worldwide Safety, Safety Surveillance and Risk Management, Pfizer, Groton, CT (D.B.T.).From Cincinnati Children's Hospital, Cincinnati (R.W.F.); Kaiser Permanente Vaccine Study Center, Oakland (N.P.K.), and the California Research Foundation, San Diego (D.M.B.) - both in California; Vaccine Research and Development, Pfizer, Hurley, United Kingdom (N.K., S.L., R.B.); Vaccine Research and Development, Pfizer, Pearl River (A.G., J.A., K.A.S., K.K., W.V.K., D.C., P.R.D., K.U.J., W.C.G.), and SUNY Upstate Medical University, Syracuse (S.J.T.) - both in New York; Vaccine Research and Development (J.L.P., H.M., X.X.) and Worldwide Safety, Safety Surveillance and Risk Management (S.M.), Pfizer, Collegeville, PA; Duke Human Vaccine Institute, Durham, NC (E.B.W.); Senders Pediatrics, South Euclid, OH (S.S.); Clinical Research Professionals, Chesterfield, MO (T.J.); BioNTech, Mainz, Germany (Ö.T., U.Ş.); and Worldwide Safety, Safety Surveillance and Risk Management, Pfizer, Groton, CT (D.B.T.).From Cincinnati Children's Hospital, Cincinnati (R.W.F.); Kaiser Permanente Vaccine Study Center, Oakland (N.P.K.), and the California Research Foundation, San Diego (D.M.B.) - both in California; Vaccine Research and Development, Pfizer, Hurley, United Kingdom (N.K., S.L., R.B.); Vaccine Research and Development, Pfizer, Pearl River (A.G., J.A., K.A.S., K.K., W.V.K., D.C., P.R.D., K.U.J., W.C.G.), and SUNY Upstate Medical University, Syracuse (S.J.T.) - both in New York; Vaccine Research and Development (J.L.P., H.M., X.X.) and Worldwide Safety, Safety Surveillance and Risk Management (S.M.), Pfizer, Collegeville, PA; Duke Human Vaccine Institute, Durham, NC (E.B.W.); Senders Pediatrics, South Euclid, OH (S.S.); Clinical Research Professionals, Chesterfield, MO (T.J.); BioNTech, Mainz, Germany (Ö.T., U.Ş.); and Worldwide Safety, Safety Surveillance and Risk Management, Pfizer, Groton, CT (D.B.T.).From Cincinnati Children's Hospital, Cincinnati (R.W.F.); Kaiser Permanente Vaccine Study Center, Oakland (N.P.K.), and the California Research Foundation, San Diego (D.M.B.) - both in California; Vaccine Research and Development, Pfizer, Hurley, United Kingdom (N.K., S.L., R.B.); Vaccine Research and Development, Pfizer, Pearl River (A.G., J.A., K.A.S., K.K., W.V.K., D.C., P.R.D., K.U.J., W.C.G.), and SUNY Upstate Medical University, Syracuse (S.J.T.) - both in New York; Vaccine Research and Development (J.L.P., H.M., X.X.) and Worldwide Safety, Safety Surveillance and Risk Management (S.M.), Pfizer, Collegeville, PA; Duke Human Vaccine Institute, Durham, NC (E.B.W.); Senders Pediatrics, South Euclid, OH (S.S.); Clinical Research Professionals, Chesterfield, MO (T.J.); BioNTech, Mainz, Germany (Ö.T., U.Ş.); and Worldwide Safety, Safety Surveillance and Risk Management, Pfizer, Groton, CT (D.B.T.).From Cincinnati Children's Hospital, Cincinnati (R.W.F.); Kaiser Permanente Vaccine Study Center, Oakland (N.P.K.), and the California Research Foundation, San Diego (D.M.B.) - both in California; Vaccine Research and Development, Pfizer, Hurley, United Kingdom (N.K., S.L., R.B.); Vaccine Research and Development, Pfizer, Pearl River (A.G., J.A., K.A.S., K.K., W.V.K., D.C., P.R.D., K.U.J., W.C.G.), and SUNY Upstate Medical University, Syracuse (S.J.T.) - both in New York; Vaccine Research and Development (J.L.P., H.M., X.X.) and Worldwide Safety, Safety Surveillance and Risk Management (S.M.), Pfizer, Collegeville, PA; Duke Human Vaccine Institute, Durham, NC (E.B.W.); Senders Pediatrics, South Euclid, OH (S.S.); Clinical Research Professionals, Chesterfield, MO (T.J.); BioNTech, Mainz, Germany (Ö.T., U.Ş.); and Worldwide Safety, Safety Surveillance and Risk Management, Pfizer, Groton, CT (D.B.T.).From Cincinnati Children's Hospital, Cincinnati (R.W.F.); Kaiser Permanente Vaccine Study Center, Oakland (N.P.K.), and the California Research Foundation, San Diego (D.M.B.) - both in California; Vaccine Research and Development, Pfizer, Hurley, United Kingdom (N.K., S.L., R.B.); Vaccine Research and Development, Pfizer, Pearl River (A.G., J.A., K.A.S., K.K., W.V.K., D.C., P.R.D., K.U.J., W.C.G.), and SUNY Upstate Medical University, Syracuse (S.J.T.) - both in New York; Vaccine Research and Development (J.L.P., H.M., X.X.) and Worldwide Safety, Safety Surveillance and Risk Management (S.M.), Pfizer, Collegeville, PA; Duke Human Vaccine Institute, Durham, NC (E.B.W.); Senders Pediatrics, South Euclid, OH (S.S.); Clinical Research Professionals, Chesterfield, MO (T.J.); BioNTech, Mainz, Germany (Ö.T., U.Ş.); and Worldwide Safety, Safety Surveillance and Risk Management, Pfizer, Groton, CT (D.B.T.).From Cincinnati Children's Hospital, Cincinnati (R.W.F.); Kaiser Permanente Vaccine Study Center, Oakland (N.P.K.), and the California Research Foundation, San Diego (D.M.B.) - both in California; Vaccine Research and Development, Pfizer, Hurley, United Kingdom (N.K., S.L., R.B.); Vaccine Research and Development, Pfizer, Pearl River (A.G., J.A., K.A.S., K.K., W.V.K., D.C., P.R.D., K.U.J., W.C.G.), and SUNY Upstate Medical University, Syracuse (S.J.T.) - both in New York; Vaccine Research and Development (J.L.P., H.M., X.X.) and Worldwide Safety, Safety Surveillance and Risk Management (S.M.), Pfizer, Collegeville, PA; Duke Human Vaccine Institute, Durham, NC (E.B.W.); Senders Pediatrics, South Euclid, OH (S.S.); Clinical Research Professionals, Chesterfield, MO (T.J.); BioNTech, Mainz, Germany (Ö.T., U.Ş.); and Worldwide Safety, Safety Surveillance and Risk Management, Pfizer, Groton, CT (D.B.T.).From Cincinnati Children's Hospital, Cincinnati (R.W.F.); Kaiser Permanente Vaccine Study Center, Oakland (N.P.K.), and the California Research Foundation, San Diego (D.M.B.) - both in California; Vaccine Research and Development, Pfizer, Hurley, United Kingdom (N.K., S.L., R.B.); Vaccine Research and Development, Pfizer, Pearl River (A.G., J.A., K.A.S., K.K., W.V.K., D.C., P.R.D., K.U.J., W.C.G.), and SUNY Upstate Medical University, Syracuse (S.J.T.) - both in New York; Vaccine Research and Development (J.L.P., H.M., X.X.) and Worldwide Safety, Safety Surveillance and Risk Management (S.M.), Pfizer, Collegeville, PA; Duke Human Vaccine Institute, Durham, NC (E.B.W.); Senders Pediatrics, South Euclid, OH (S.S.); Clinical Research Professionals, Chesterfield, MO (T.J.); BioNTech, Mainz, Germany (Ö.T., U.Ş.); and Worldwide Safety, Safety Surveillance and Risk Management, Pfizer, Groton, CT (D.B.T.).From Cincinnati Children's Hospital, Cincinnati (R.W.F.); Kaiser Permanente Vaccine Study Center, Oakland (N.P.K.), and the California Research Foundation, San Diego (D.M.B.) - both in California; Vaccine Research and Development, Pfizer, Hurley, United Kingdom (N.K., S.L., R.B.); Vaccine Research and Development, Pfizer, Pearl River (A.G., J.A., K.A.S., K.K., W.V.K., D.C., P.R.D., K.U.J., W.C.G.), and SUNY Upstate Medical University, Syracuse (S.J.T.) - both in New York; Vaccine Research and Development (J.L.P., H.M., X.X.) and Worldwide Safety, Safety Surveillance and Risk Management (S.M.), Pfizer, Collegeville, PA; Duke Human Vaccine Institute, Durham, NC (E.B.W.); Senders Pediatrics, South Euclid, OH (S.S.); Clinical Research Professionals, Chesterfield, MO (T.J.); BioNTech, Mainz, Germany (Ö.T., U.Ş.); and Worldwide Safety, Safety Surveillance and Risk Management, Pfizer, Groton, CT (D.B.T.).From Cincinnati Children's Hospital, Cincinnati (R.W.F.); Kaiser Permanente Vaccine Study Center, Oakland (N.P.K.), and the California Research Foundation, San Diego (D.M.B.) - both in California; Vaccine Research and Development, Pfizer, Hurley, United Kingdom (N.K., S.L., R.B.); Vaccine Research and Development, Pfizer, Pearl River (A.G., J.A., K.A.S., K.K., W.V.K., D.C., P.R.D., K.U.J., W.C.G.), and SUNY Upstate Medical University, Syracuse (S.J.T.) - both in New York; Vaccine Research and Development (J.L.P., H.M., X.X.) and Worldwide Safety, Safety Surveillance and Risk Management (S.M.), Pfizer, Collegeville, PA; Duke Human Vaccine Institute, Durham, NC (E.B.W.); Senders Pediatrics, South Euclid, OH (S.S.); Clinical Research Professionals, Chesterfield, MO (T.J.); BioNTech, Mainz, Germany (Ö.T., U.Ş.); and Worldwide Safety, Safety Surveillance and Risk Management, Pfizer, Groton, CT (D.B.T.).From Cincinnati Children's Hospital, Cincinnati (R.W.F.); Kaiser Permanente Vaccine Study Center, Oakland (N.P.K.), and the California Research Foundation, San Diego (D.M.B.) - both in California; Vaccine Research and Development, Pfizer, Hurley, United Kingdom (N.K., S.L., R.B.); Vaccine Research and Development, Pfizer, Pearl River (A.G., J.A., K.A.S., K.K., W.V.K., D.C., P.R.D., K.U.J., W.C.G.), and SUNY Upstate Medical University, Syracuse (S.J.T.) - both in New York; Vaccine Research and Development (J.L.P., H.M., X.X.) and Worldwide Safety, Safety Surveillance and Risk Management (S.M.), Pfizer, Collegeville, PA; Duke Human Vaccine Institute, Durham, NC (E.B.W.); Senders Pediatrics, South Euclid, OH (S.S.); Clinical Research Professionals, Chesterfield, MO (T.J.); BioNTech, Mainz, Germany (Ö.T., U.Ş.); and Worldwide Safety, Safety Surveillance and Risk Management, Pfizer, Groton, CT (D.B.T.).From Cincinnati Children's Hospital, Cincinnati (R.W.F.); Kaiser Permanente Vaccine Study Center, Oakland (N.P.K.), and the California Research Foundation, San Diego (D.M.B.) - both in California; Vaccine Research and Development, Pfizer, Hurley, United Kingdom (N.K., S.L., R.B.); Vaccine Research and Development, Pfizer, Pearl River (A.G., J.A., K.A.S., K.K., W.V.K., D.C., P.R.D., K.U.J., W.C.G.), and SUNY Upstate Medical University, Syracuse (S.J.T.) - both in New York; Vaccine Research and Development (J.L.P., H.M., X.X.) and Worldwide Safety, Safety Surveillance and Risk Management (S.M.), Pfizer, Collegeville, PA; Duke Human Vaccine Institute, Durham, NC (E.B.W.); Senders Pediatrics, South Euclid, OH (S.S.); Clinical Research Professionals, Chesterfield, MO (T.J.); BioNTech, Mainz, Germany (Ö.T., U.Ş.); and Worldwide Safety, Safety Surveillance and Risk Management, Pfizer, Groton, CT (D.B.T.).From Cincinnati Children's Hospital, Cincinnati (R.W.F.); Kaiser Permanente Vaccine Study Center, Oakland (N.P.K.), and the California Research Foundation, San Diego (D.M.B.) - both in California; Vaccine Research and Development, Pfizer, Hurley, United Kingdom (N.K., S.L., R.B.); Vaccine Research and Development, Pfizer, Pearl River (A.G., J.A., K.A.S., K.K., W.V.K., D.C., P.R.D., K.U.J., W.C.G.), and SUNY Upstate Medical University, Syracuse (S.J.T.) - both in New York; Vaccine Research and Development (J.L.P., H.M., X.X.) and Worldwide Safety, Safety Surveillance and Risk Management (S.M.), Pfizer, Collegeville, PA; Duke Human Vaccine Institute, Durham, NC (E.B.W.); Senders Pediatrics, South Euclid, OH (S.S.); Clinical Research Professionals, Chesterfield, MO (T.J.); BioNTech, Mainz, Germany (Ö.T., U.Ş.); and Worldwide Safety, Safety Surveillance and Risk Management, Pfizer, Groton, CT (D.B.T.).From Cincinnati Children's Hospital, Cincinnati (R.W.F.); Kaiser Permanente Vaccine Study Center, Oakland (N.P.K.), and the California Research Foundation, San Diego (D.M.B.) - both in California; Vaccine Research and Development, Pfizer, Hurley, United Kingdom (N.K., S.L., R.B.); Vaccine Research and Development, Pfizer, Pearl River (A.G., J.A., K.A.S., K.K., W.V.K., D.C., P.R.D., K.U.J., W.C.G.), and SUNY Upstate Medical University, Syracuse (S.J.T.) - both in New York; Vaccine Research and Development (J.L.P., H.M., X.X.) and Worldwide Safety, Safety Surveillance and Risk Management (S.M.), Pfizer, Collegeville, PA; Duke Human Vaccine Institute, Durham, NC (E.B.W.); Senders Pediatrics, South Euclid, OH (S.S.); Clinical Research Professionals, Chesterfield, MO (T.J.); BioNTech, Mainz, Germany (Ö.T., U.Ş.); and Worldwide Safety, Safety Surveillance and Risk Management, Pfizer, Groton, CT (D.B.T.).From Cincinnati Children's Hospital, Cincinnati (R.W.F.); Kaiser Permanente Vaccine Study Center, Oakland (N.P.K.), and the California Research Foundation, San Diego (D.M.B.) - both in California; Vaccine Research and Development, Pfizer, Hurley, United Kingdom (N.K., S.L., R.B.); Vaccine Research and Development, Pfizer, Pearl River (A.G., J.A., K.A.S., K.K., W.V.K., D.C., P.R.D., K.U.J., W.C.G.), and SUNY Upstate Medical University, Syracuse (S.J.T.) - both in New York; Vaccine Research and Development (J.L.P., H.M., X.X.) and Worldwide Safety, Safety Surveillance and Risk Management (S.M.), Pfizer, Collegeville, PA; Duke Human Vaccine Institute, Durham, NC (E.B.W.); Senders Pediatrics, South Euclid, OH (S.S.); Clinical Research Professionals, Chesterfield, MO (T.J.); BioNTech, Mainz, Germany (Ö.T., U.Ş.); and Worldwide Safety, Safety Surveillance and Risk Management, Pfizer, Groton, CT (D.B.T.).From Cincinnati Children's Hospital, Cincinnati (R.W.F.); Kaiser Permanente Vaccine Study Center, Oakland (N.P.K.), and the California Research Foundation, San Diego (D.M.B.) - both in California; Vaccine Research and Development, Pfizer, Hurley, United Kingdom (N.K., S.L., R.B.); Vaccine Research and Development, Pfizer, Pearl River (A.G., J.A., K.A.S., K.K., W.V.K., D.C., P.R.D., K.U.J., W.C.G.), and SUNY Upstate Medical University, Syracuse (S.J.T.) - both in New York; Vaccine Research and Development (J.L.P., H.M., X.X.) and Worldwide Safety, Safety Surveillance and Risk Management (S.M.), Pfizer, Collegeville, PA; Duke Human Vaccine Institute, Durham, NC (E.B.W.); Senders Pediatrics, South Euclid, OH (S.S.); Clinical Research Professionals, Chesterfield, MO (T.J.); BioNTech, Mainz, Germany (Ö.T., U.Ş.); and Worldwide Safety, Safety Surveillance and Risk Management, Pfizer, Groton, CT (D.B.T.).From Cincinnati Children's Hospital, Cincinnati (R.W.F.); Kaiser Permanente Vaccine Study Center, Oakland (N.P.K.), and the California Research Foundation, San Diego (D.M.B.) - both in California; Vaccine Research and Development, Pfizer, Hurley, United Kingdom (N.K., S.L., R.B.); Vaccine Research and Development, Pfizer, Pearl River (A.G., J.A., K.A.S., K.K., W.V.K., D.C., P.R.D., K.U.J., W.C.G.), and SUNY Upstate Medical University, Syracuse (S.J.T.) - both in New York; Vaccine Research and Development (J.L.P., H.M., X.X.) and Worldwide Safety, Safety Surveillance and Risk Management (S.M.), Pfizer, Collegeville, PA; Duke Human Vaccine Institute, Durham, NC (E.B.W.); Senders Pediatrics, South Euclid, OH (S.S.); Clinical Research Professionals, Chesterfield, MO (T.J.); BioNTech, Mainz, Germany (Ö.T., U.Ş.); and Worldwide Safety, Safety Surveillance and Risk Management, Pfizer, Groton, CT (D.B.T.).From Cincinnati Children's Hospital, Cincinnati (R.W.F.); Kaiser Permanente Vaccine Study Center, Oakland (N.P.K.), and the California Research Foundation, San Diego (D.M.B.) - both in California; Vaccine Research and Development, Pfizer, Hurley, United Kingdom (N.K., S.L., R.B.); Vaccine Research and Development, Pfizer, Pearl River (A.G., J.A., K.A.S., K.K., W.V.K., D.C., P.R.D., K.U.J., W.C.G.), and SUNY Upstate Medical University, Syracuse (S.J.T.) - both in New York; Vaccine Research and Development (J.L.P., H.M., X.X.) and Worldwide Safety, Safety Surveillance and Risk Management (S.M.), Pfizer, Collegeville, PA; Duke Human Vaccine Institute, Durham, NC (E.B.W.); Senders Pediatrics, South Euclid, OH (S.S.); Clinical Research Professionals, Chesterfield, MO (T.J.); BioNTech, Mainz, Germany (Ö.T., U.Ş.); and Worldwide Safety, Safety Surveillance and Risk Management, Pfizer, Groton, CT (D.B.T.).From Cincinnati Children's Hospital, Cincinnati (R.W.F.); Kaiser Permanente Vaccine Study Center, Oakland (N.P.K.), and the California Research Foundation, San Diego (D.M.B.) - both in California; Vaccine Research and Development, Pfizer, Hurley, United Kingdom (N.K., S.L., R.B.); Vaccine Research and Development, Pfizer, Pearl River (A.G., J.A., K.A.S., K.K., W.V.K., D.C., P.R.D., K.U.J., W.C.G.), and SUNY Upstate Medical University, Syracuse (S.J.T.) - both in New York; Vaccine Research and Development (J.L.P., H.M., X.X.) and Worldwide Safety, Safety Surveillance and Risk Management (S.M.), Pfizer, Collegeville, PA; Duke Human Vaccine Institute, Durham, NC (E.B.W.); Senders Pediatrics, South Euclid, OH (S.S.); Clinical Research Professionals, Chesterfield, MO (T.J.); BioNTech, Mainz, Germany (Ö.T., U.Ş.); and Worldwide Safety, Safety Surveillance and Risk Management, Pfizer, Groton, CT (D.B.T.).From Cincinnati Children's Hospital, Cincinnati (R.W.F.); Kaiser Permanente Vaccine Study Center, Oakland (N.P.K.), and the California Research Foundation, San Diego (D.M.B.) - both in California; Vaccine Research and Development, Pfizer, Hurley, United Kingdom (N.K., S.L., R.B.); Vaccine Research and Development, Pfizer, Pearl River (A.G., J.A., K.A.S., K.K., W.V.K., D.C., P.R.D., K.U.J., W.C.G.), and SUNY Upstate Medical University, Syracuse (S.J.T.) - both in New York; Vaccine Research and Development (J.L.P., H.M., X.X.) and Worldwide Safety, Safety Surveillance and Risk Management (S.M.), Pfizer, Collegeville, PA; Duke Human Vaccine Institute, Durham, NC (E.B.W.); Senders Pediatrics, South Euclid, OH (S.S.); Clinical Research Professionals, Chesterfield, MO (T.J.); BioNTech, Mainz, Germany (Ö.T., U.Ş.); and Worldwide Safety, Safety Surveillance and Risk Management, Pfizer, Groton, CT (D.B.T.).From Cincinnati Children's Hospital, Cincinnati (R.W.F.); Kaiser Permanente Vaccine Study Center, Oakland (N.P.K.), and the California Research Foundation, San Diego (D.M.B.) - both in California; Vaccine Research and Development, Pfizer, Hurley, United Kingdom (N.K., S.L., R.B.); Vaccine Research and Development, Pfizer, Pearl River (A.G., J.A., K.A.S., K.K., W.V.K., D.C., P.R.D., K.U.J., W.C.G.), and SUNY Upstate Medical University, Syracuse (S.J.T.) - both in New York; Vaccine Research and Development (J.L.P., H.M., X.X.) and Worldwide Safety, Safety Surveillance and Risk Management (S.M.), Pfizer, Collegeville, PA; Duke Human Vaccine Institute, Durham, NC (E.B.W.); Senders Pediatrics, South Euclid, OH (S.S.); Clinical Research Professionals, Chesterfield, MO (T.J.); BioNTech, Mainz, Germany (Ö.T., U.Ş.); and Worldwide Safety, Safety Surveillance and Risk Management, Pfizer, Groton, CT (D.B.T.).From Cincinnati Children's Hospital, Cincinnati (R.W.F.); Kaiser Permanente Vaccine Study Center, Oakland (N.P.K.), and the California Research Foundation, San Diego (D.M.B.) - both in California; Vaccine Research and Development, Pfizer, Hurley, United Kingdom (N.K., S.L., R.B.); Vaccine Research and Development, Pfizer, Pearl River (A.G., J.A., K.A.S., K.K., W.V.K., D.C., P.R.D., K.U.J., W.C.G.), and SUNY Upstate Medical University, Syracuse (S.J.T.) - both in New York; Vaccine Research and Development (J.L.P., H.M., X.X.) and Worldwide Safety, Safety Surveillance and Risk Management (S.M.), Pfizer, Collegeville, PA; Duke Human Vaccine Institute, Durham, NC (E.B.W.); Senders Pediatrics, South Euclid, OH (S.S.); Clinical Research Professionals, Chesterfield, MO (T.J.); BioNTech, Mainz, Germany (Ö.T., U.Ş.); and Worldwide Safety, Safety Surveillance and Risk Management, Pfizer, Groton, CT (D.B.T.).From Cincinnati Children's Hospital, Cincinnati (R.W.F.); Kaiser Permanente Vaccine Study Center, Oakland (N.P.K.), and the California Research Foundation, San Diego (D.M.B.) - both in California; Vaccine Research and Development, Pfizer, Hurley, United Kingdom (N.K., S.L., R.B.); Vaccine Research and Development, Pfizer, Pearl River (A.G., J.A., K.A.S., K.K., W.V.K., D.C., P.R.D., K.U.J., W.C.G.), and SUNY Upstate Medical University, Syracuse (S.J.T.) - both in New York; Vaccine Research and Development (J.L.P., H.M., X.X.) and Worldwide Safety, Safety Surveillance and Risk Management (S.M.), Pfizer, Collegeville, PA; Duke Human Vaccine Institute, Durham, NC (E.B.W.); Senders Pediatrics, South Euclid, OH (S.S.); Clinical Research Professionals, Chesterfield, MO (T.J.); BioNTech, Mainz, Germany (Ö.T., U.Ş.); and Worldwide Safety, Safety Surveillance and Risk Management, Pfizer, Groton, CT (D.B.T.).No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

34043894

Citation

Frenck, Robert W., et al. "Safety, Immunogenicity, and Efficacy of the BNT162b2 Covid-19 Vaccine in Adolescents." The New England Journal of Medicine, 2021.
Frenck RW, Klein NP, Kitchin N, et al. Safety, Immunogenicity, and Efficacy of the BNT162b2 Covid-19 Vaccine in Adolescents. N Engl J Med. 2021.
Frenck, R. W., Klein, N. P., Kitchin, N., Gurtman, A., Absalon, J., Lockhart, S., Perez, J. L., Walter, E. B., Senders, S., Bailey, R., Swanson, K. A., Ma, H., Xu, X., Koury, K., Kalina, W. V., Cooper, D., Jennings, T., Brandon, D. M., Thomas, S. J., ... Gruber, W. C. (2021). Safety, Immunogenicity, and Efficacy of the BNT162b2 Covid-19 Vaccine in Adolescents. The New England Journal of Medicine. https://doi.org/10.1056/NEJMoa2107456
Frenck RW, et al. Safety, Immunogenicity, and Efficacy of the BNT162b2 Covid-19 Vaccine in Adolescents. N Engl J Med. 2021 May 27; PubMed PMID: 34043894.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Safety, Immunogenicity, and Efficacy of the BNT162b2 Covid-19 Vaccine in Adolescents. AU - Frenck,Robert W,Jr AU - Klein,Nicola P, AU - Kitchin,Nicholas, AU - Gurtman,Alejandra, AU - Absalon,Judith, AU - Lockhart,Stephen, AU - Perez,John L, AU - Walter,Emmanuel B, AU - Senders,Shelly, AU - Bailey,Ruth, AU - Swanson,Kena A, AU - Ma,Hua, AU - Xu,Xia, AU - Koury,Kenneth, AU - Kalina,Warren V, AU - Cooper,David, AU - Jennings,Timothy, AU - Brandon,Donald M, AU - Thomas,Stephen J, AU - Türeci,Özlem, AU - Tresnan,Dina B, AU - Mather,Susan, AU - Dormitzer,Philip R, AU - Şahin,Uğur, AU - Jansen,Kathrin U, AU - Gruber,William C, AU - ,, Y1 - 2021/05/27/ PY - 2021/5/27/entrez PY - 2021/5/28/pubmed PY - 2021/5/28/medline JF - The New England journal of medicine JO - N Engl J Med N2 - BACKGROUND: Until very recently, vaccines against severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) had not been authorized for emergency use in persons younger than 16 years of age. Safe, effective vaccines are needed to protect this population, facilitate in-person learning and socialization, and contribute to herd immunity. METHODS: In this ongoing multinational, placebo-controlled, observer-blinded trial, we randomly assigned participants in a 1:1 ratio to receive two injections, 21 days apart, of 30 μg of BNT162b2 or placebo. Noninferiority of the immune response to BNT162b2 in 12-to-15-year-old participants as compared with that in 16-to-25-year-old participants was an immunogenicity objective. Safety (reactogenicity and adverse events) and efficacy against confirmed coronavirus disease 2019 (Covid-19; onset, ≥7 days after dose 2) in the 12-to-15-year-old cohort were assessed. RESULTS: Overall, 2260 adolescents 12 to 15 years of age received injections; 1131 received BNT162b2, and 1129 received placebo. As has been found in other age groups, BNT162b2 had a favorable safety and side-effect profile, with mainly transient mild-to-moderate reactogenicity (predominantly injection-site pain [in 79 to 86% of participants], fatigue [in 60 to 66%], and headache [in 55 to 65%]); there were no vaccine-related serious adverse events and few overall severe adverse events. The geometric mean ratio of SARS-CoV-2 50% neutralizing titers after dose 2 in 12-to-15-year-old participants relative to 16-to-25-year-old participants was 1.76 (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.47 to 2.10), which met the noninferiority criterion of a lower boundary of the two-sided 95% confidence interval greater than 0.67 and indicated a greater response in the 12-to-15-year-old cohort. Among participants without evidence of previous SARS-CoV-2 infection, no Covid-19 cases with an onset of 7 or more days after dose 2 were noted among BNT162b2 recipients, and 16 cases occurred among placebo recipients. The observed vaccine efficacy was 100% (95% CI, 75.3 to 100). CONCLUSIONS: The BNT162b2 vaccine in 12-to-15-year-old recipients had a favorable safety profile, produced a greater immune response than in young adults, and was highly effective against Covid-19. (Funded by BioNTech and Pfizer; C4591001 ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT04368728.). SN - 1533-4406 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/34043894/full_citation L2 - https://www.nejm.org/doi/10.1056/NEJMoa2107456?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -
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