Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Molecular and Histologic Adaptation of Horned Gall Induced by the Aphid Schlechtendalia chinensis (Pemphigidae).
Int J Mol Sci. 2021 May 13; 22(10)IJ

Abstract

Chinese galls are the result of hyperplasia in host plants induced by aphids. The metabolism and gene expression of these galls are modified to accommodate the aphids. Here, we highlight the molecular and histologic features of horned galls according to transcriptome and anatomical structures. In primary pathways, genes were found to be unevenly shifted and selectively expressed in the galls and leaves near the galls (LNG). Pathways for amino acid synthesis and degradation were also unevenly shifted, favoring enhanced accumulation of essential amino acids in galls for aphids. Although galls enhanced the biosynthesis of glucose, which is directly available to aphids, glucose content in the gall tissues was lower due to the feeding of aphids. Pathways of gall growth were up-regulated to provide enough space for aphids. In addition, the horned gall has specialized branched schizogenous ducts and expanded xylem in the stalk, which provide a broader feeding surface for aphids and improve the efficiency of transportation and nutrient exchange. Notably, the gene expression in the LNG showed a similar pattern to that of the galls, but on a smaller scale. We suppose the aphids manipulate galls to their advantage, and galls lessen competition by functioning as a medium between the aphids and their host plants.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Research Institute of Resource Insects, Chinese Academy of Forestry, Kunming 650224, China.Research Institute of Resource Insects, Chinese Academy of Forestry, Kunming 650224, China. The Key Laboratory of Cultivating and Utilization of Resources Insects of State Forestry Administration, Kunming 650224, China.Research Institute of Resource Insects, Chinese Academy of Forestry, Kunming 650224, China.Research Institute of Resource Insects, Chinese Academy of Forestry, Kunming 650224, China.Research Institute of Resource Insects, Chinese Academy of Forestry, Kunming 650224, China.Research Institute of Resource Insects, Chinese Academy of Forestry, Kunming 650224, China.Research Institute of Resource Insects, Chinese Academy of Forestry, Kunming 650224, China.Department of Entomology, Kansas State University, 123 Waters Hall, Manhattan, KS 66506, USA.Research Institute of Resource Insects, Chinese Academy of Forestry, Kunming 650224, China. The Key Laboratory of Cultivating and Utilization of Resources Insects of State Forestry Administration, Kunming 650224, China.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

34068250

Citation

Lu, Qin, et al. "Molecular and Histologic Adaptation of Horned Gall Induced By the Aphid Schlechtendalia Chinensis (Pemphigidae)." International Journal of Molecular Sciences, vol. 22, no. 10, 2021.
Lu Q, Chen X, Yang Z, et al. Molecular and Histologic Adaptation of Horned Gall Induced by the Aphid Schlechtendalia chinensis (Pemphigidae). Int J Mol Sci. 2021;22(10).
Lu, Q., Chen, X., Yang, Z., Bashir, N. H., Liu, J., Cui, Y., Shao, S., Chen, M. S., & Chen, H. (2021). Molecular and Histologic Adaptation of Horned Gall Induced by the Aphid Schlechtendalia chinensis (Pemphigidae). International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 22(10). https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms22105166
Lu Q, et al. Molecular and Histologic Adaptation of Horned Gall Induced By the Aphid Schlechtendalia Chinensis (Pemphigidae). Int J Mol Sci. 2021 May 13;22(10) PubMed PMID: 34068250.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Molecular and Histologic Adaptation of Horned Gall Induced by the Aphid Schlechtendalia chinensis (Pemphigidae). AU - Lu,Qin, AU - Chen,Xiaoming, AU - Yang,Zixiang, AU - Bashir,Nawaz Haider, AU - Liu,Juan, AU - Cui,Yongzhong, AU - Shao,Shuxiao, AU - Chen,Ming-Shun, AU - Chen,Hang, Y1 - 2021/05/13/ PY - 2021/03/22/received PY - 2021/05/10/revised PY - 2021/05/11/accepted PY - 2021/6/2/entrez PY - 2021/6/3/pubmed PY - 2021/6/11/medline KW - co-evolution KW - horned gall KW - nutrition supply KW - plant-insect interaction KW - transcriptome JF - International journal of molecular sciences JO - Int J Mol Sci VL - 22 IS - 10 N2 - Chinese galls are the result of hyperplasia in host plants induced by aphids. The metabolism and gene expression of these galls are modified to accommodate the aphids. Here, we highlight the molecular and histologic features of horned galls according to transcriptome and anatomical structures. In primary pathways, genes were found to be unevenly shifted and selectively expressed in the galls and leaves near the galls (LNG). Pathways for amino acid synthesis and degradation were also unevenly shifted, favoring enhanced accumulation of essential amino acids in galls for aphids. Although galls enhanced the biosynthesis of glucose, which is directly available to aphids, glucose content in the gall tissues was lower due to the feeding of aphids. Pathways of gall growth were up-regulated to provide enough space for aphids. In addition, the horned gall has specialized branched schizogenous ducts and expanded xylem in the stalk, which provide a broader feeding surface for aphids and improve the efficiency of transportation and nutrient exchange. Notably, the gene expression in the LNG showed a similar pattern to that of the galls, but on a smaller scale. We suppose the aphids manipulate galls to their advantage, and galls lessen competition by functioning as a medium between the aphids and their host plants. SN - 1422-0067 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/34068250/Molecular_and_Histologic_Adaptation_of_Horned_Gall_Induced_by_the_Aphid_Schlechtendalia_chinensis__Pemphigidae__ L2 - https://www.mdpi.com/resolver?pii=ijms22105166 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -