Enhanced electrochemiluminescence ratiometric cytosensing based on surface plasmon resonance of Au nanoparticles and nanosucculent films.Biosens Bioelectron. 2021 Oct 01; 189:113367.BB
Ramos cells are human Burkitt's lymphoma cells, which are a kind of cancer cells to facilitate the monitoring of the relevant biological processes of cancers. Sensitive and accurate detection of Ramos cells using emerging ratiometric ECL biosensing technology shows increasing importance, however, the target analytes of current ratiometric ECL biosensors are mainly limited to DNA/RNA or proteins. In this study, we proposed a dual-potential ratiometric sensing strategy for the electrochemiluminescence detection of Ramos cells based on two types of electrochemiluminescence (ECL)-responding molecular. Au nanosucculent films (AuNFs) were electrodeposited on the fluorine doped tin oxide (FTO) electrode to increase the effective area of the electrode for more efficient assembly of DNA and effectively improving the conductivity of the sensing interfaces. In the presence of Ramos cells, aptamers capped with Au@luminol would conjugate with Ramos cells and then remove from AuNFs, accompanying the decrease of ECL signal from Au@luminol. Then, Au-DNA was captured and alternately hybridized with DNA-modified CdS nanocrystals (NCs) on the surface of AuNFs with the formation of a super reticulate structure. The reticulate structure not only raised another identified ECL signal from CdS NCs but also greatly promoted its ECL intensity from the surface plasmon resonance originating from Au NPs. The value of log (ECLCdS/ECLluminol) and the logarithm of the number of cells exhibit considerable linear relation ranging from 80 to 8 × 105 cells mL-1 with a low detection limit of 20 cells mL-1 (S/N = 3). The selectivity and specificity of this dual-potential ECL sensor showed good performance and indicated considerable promise in avoiding false-positive results in detection.