Anti-P 200 pemphigoid - The most common floor binding subepidermal autoimmune bullous disease in a tertiary care center in south India.Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol. 2021 Nov-Dec; 87(6):787-791.IJ
The pemphigoid group of diseases may present clinically and immunologically in a very similar fashion. Indirect immunofluorescence microscopy with readily available salt-split human skin in a BIOCHIP™ helps to classify these conditions as those with either with roof binding or floor binding of immunoreactants. Epidermolysis bullosa acquisita, anti-laminin 332 pemphigoid and anti-p200 pemphigoid show floor binding, while in the most frequent type of pemphigoid disease, bullous pemphigoid, epidermal side staining pattern is seen on salt-split skin Aims: The aim of the study was to detect the target antigens in sub-epidermal bullous diseases.
Forty patients with bullous pemphigoid diagnosed by lesional histopathology and direct immunofluorescence microscopy were re-evaluated by a BIOCHIP™ mosaic containing both tissue substrates and recombinant target antigens. Sera with floor pattern staining on salt-split skin were further evaluated by immunoblotting with dermal extract.
Five patients with floor staining had anti-p200 pemphigoid.
We could not perform serration pattern analysis of direct immunofluorescence in our patients.
Histopathology and direct immunofluorescence microscopy cannot differentiate between various entities of pemphigoid diseases. A multivariant approach using a BIOCHIP™ mosaic including salt-split skin followed by immunoblotting with dermal extract helps to identify the target antigen.