High-resolution distribution of internal phosphorus release by the influence of harmful algal blooms (HABs) in Lake Taihu.Environ Res. 2021 Jun 27; 201:111525.ER
The Mechanisms driving phosphorus (P) release in sediment of shallow lakes is essential for managing harmful algal blooms (HABs). Accordingly, this study conducted field monitoring of labile P, iron (Fe), sulfur (S), and dissolved manganese (Mn) in different biomass of algae in Lake Taihu. The in-situ technique of ZrO-Chelex-AgI (ZrO-CA) diffusive gradients in thin-films (DGT) and high-resolution dialysis sampler (high resolution-Peeper (HR-Peeper)) were used to measure labile P, Fe, S, and dissolved Mn, as well as their apparent diffusion fluxes at the sediment-water interface (SWI). In addition, the distribution of iron-reducing bacteria (IRB) and sulfate-reducing bacteria (SRB) in sediments was also detected. Results showed that high HABs biomass promoted the reduction of sulfate into labile S, however, IRB is the dominant species. Thus, labile Fe concentrations greatly exceeded labile S concentrations across all sites, indicating that microbial iron reduction (MIR) is the principal pathway for ferric iron reduction. Furthermore, the simple relationship analysis revealed the principal influence P migration and transformation is the Fe-P in high algal biomass sites, while Fe and Mn redox reactions did not significantly influence labile P mobilization in low algal areas.