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Do Deterrence Mechanisms Reduce Cyberloafing When It Is an Observed Workplace Norm? A Moderated Mediation Model.
Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2021 06 23; 18(13)IJ

Abstract

Despite the documented individual, job, and organizational antecedents of cyberloafing at the workplace, few studies have addressed whether, how and when group factors affect employees' cyberloafing behaviors. Drawing on social learning theory and general deterrence theory, the purpose of this study is to test if observability of coworkers' cyberloafing behavior affects employees' perceptions of norms related to cyberloafing and subsequent cyberloafing behaviors and to test if sanctions can play a role in buffering these effects. An investigation of 335 employees working at Chinese enterprises establishes that observing others engaging in cyberloafing influences the employees' perceived norms and cyberloafing behaviors and that employees' perceived norms related to cyberloafing play a partial mediating role in the relationship between observability and employees' cyberloafing. As predicted, we also found that perceived certainty and severity of potential sanctions for cyberloafing moderate the effect of observability on employees' cyberloafing as well as the indirect effect of observability on employees' cyberloafing via perceived norms related to cyberloafing. This study enriched the cyberloafing literature by revealing how observability of cyberloafing influences employees' cyberloafing and by unveiling two boundary conditions under which the cyberloafing learning effect can be buffered.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Business Administration, School of Business, Anhui University of Technology, Ma'anshan 243032, China.Department of Accounting, College of Business Administration, University of Northern Iowa, 1227 West 27th Street, Cedar Falls, IA 50614, USA.Department of Business Administration, School of Business, Anhui University of Technology, Ma'anshan 243032, China.Department of Business Administration, School of Business, Anhui University of Technology, Ma'anshan 243032, China.Department of Business Administration, School of Business, Anhui University of Technology, Ma'anshan 243032, China.Department of Business Administration, School of Business, Anhui University of Technology, Ma'anshan 243032, China.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

34201661

Citation

Song, Mengmeng, et al. "Do Deterrence Mechanisms Reduce Cyberloafing when It Is an Observed Workplace Norm? a Moderated Mediation Model." International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, vol. 18, no. 13, 2021.
Song M, Ugrin J, Li M, et al. Do Deterrence Mechanisms Reduce Cyberloafing When It Is an Observed Workplace Norm? A Moderated Mediation Model. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2021;18(13).
Song, M., Ugrin, J., Li, M., Wu, J., Guo, S., & Zhang, W. (2021). Do Deterrence Mechanisms Reduce Cyberloafing When It Is an Observed Workplace Norm? A Moderated Mediation Model. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(13). https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18136751
Song M, et al. Do Deterrence Mechanisms Reduce Cyberloafing when It Is an Observed Workplace Norm? a Moderated Mediation Model. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2021 06 23;18(13) PubMed PMID: 34201661.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Do Deterrence Mechanisms Reduce Cyberloafing When It Is an Observed Workplace Norm? A Moderated Mediation Model. AU - Song,Mengmeng, AU - Ugrin,Joseph, AU - Li,Man, AU - Wu,Jinnan, AU - Guo,Shanshan, AU - Zhang,Wenpei, Y1 - 2021/06/23/ PY - 2021/03/21/received PY - 2021/06/04/revised PY - 2021/06/19/accepted PY - 2021/7/2/entrez PY - 2021/7/3/pubmed PY - 2021/8/4/medline KW - certainty of sanctions KW - cyberloafing KW - observability KW - perceived norms KW - severity of sanctions JF - International journal of environmental research and public health JO - Int J Environ Res Public Health VL - 18 IS - 13 N2 - Despite the documented individual, job, and organizational antecedents of cyberloafing at the workplace, few studies have addressed whether, how and when group factors affect employees' cyberloafing behaviors. Drawing on social learning theory and general deterrence theory, the purpose of this study is to test if observability of coworkers' cyberloafing behavior affects employees' perceptions of norms related to cyberloafing and subsequent cyberloafing behaviors and to test if sanctions can play a role in buffering these effects. An investigation of 335 employees working at Chinese enterprises establishes that observing others engaging in cyberloafing influences the employees' perceived norms and cyberloafing behaviors and that employees' perceived norms related to cyberloafing play a partial mediating role in the relationship between observability and employees' cyberloafing. As predicted, we also found that perceived certainty and severity of potential sanctions for cyberloafing moderate the effect of observability on employees' cyberloafing as well as the indirect effect of observability on employees' cyberloafing via perceived norms related to cyberloafing. This study enriched the cyberloafing literature by revealing how observability of cyberloafing influences employees' cyberloafing and by unveiling two boundary conditions under which the cyberloafing learning effect can be buffered. SN - 1660-4601 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/34201661/Do_Deterrence_Mechanisms_Reduce_Cyberloafing_When_It_Is_an_Observed_Workplace_Norm_A_Moderated_Mediation_Model_ L2 - https://www.mdpi.com/resolver?pii=ijerph18136751 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -
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