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Chimarrão, terere and mate-tea in legitimate technology modes of preparation and consume: A comparative study of chemical composition, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and anti-anxiety properties of the mostly consumed beverages of Ilex paraguariensis St. Hil.
J Ethnopharmacol. 2021 Oct 28; 279:114401.JE

Abstract

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE

Ilex paraguariensis St. Hil. (Aquifoliaceae) is a medicinal plant widely used by South American populations for centuries and is popularly attributed to stimulating and detoxifying properties. Nowadays, their consume traditionally occurs through three different beverages: chimarrão, terere and mate-tea.

AIM OF THE STUDY

Although its composition and properties are well studied, literature lacks work comparing the potential of their extracts obtained by a legitimate preparation mode of their popular beverages. Therefore, the purpose of this research is to investigate changes in chemical composition, antioxidant activity, anti-inflammatory efficacy and anxiolytic effect from lyophilized aqueous extracts obtained simulating the legitimate popular preparation mode of chimarrão, terere and mate-tea.

MATERIALS AND METHODS

In this work, were investigated differences related to preparation technology and dry material used through chemical composition analysis, with the lyophilized aqueous extracts obtained simulating the chimarrão, terere and mate-tea preparation. The chemical composition analysis comprises the total soluble phenolics content, chemical profiles by HPLC-ESI-MS/MS, and quantitative component detection by HPLC-UV/DAD. Moreover, evaluations of comparative antioxidant activity of the extracts (DPPH and ORACFL assays), anti-inflammatory efficacy and anxiolytic effect were performed in vivo.

RESULTS

Our results showed that chimarrão extracts presented a richer composition in terms of phenolic compounds and purine alkaloids, and better antioxidant activity when compared to the other extracts. In pleurisy test, all products showed anti-inflammatory properties in the dose of 60 mg/kg. In the anxiolytic evaluation, although all extracts presented some effect, chimarrão and terere were better than mate-tea in general. No sign of toxicity was observed.

CONCLUSIONS

Our findings support that the beverage made as chimarrão has the best composition and the most promising properties overall.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Institute of Biology, Department of Plant Biology, PPG BCE, University of Campinas (UNICAMP), 13083-970, Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil. Electronic address: m191574@dac.unicamp.br.College of Health Science, Federal University of Grande Dourados, Dourados, MS, Brazil. Electronic address: elisangela.S@gmail.com.College of Health Science, Federal University of Grande Dourados, Dourados, MS, Brazil. Electronic address: candida2005@gmail.com.Institute of Biology, Department of Plant Biology, PPG BCE, University of Campinas (UNICAMP), 13083-970, Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil. Electronic address: marcosjs@unicamp.br.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

34245836

Citation

Mesquita, M, et al. "Chimarrão, Terere and Mate-tea in Legitimate Technology Modes of Preparation and Consume: a Comparative Study of Chemical Composition, Antioxidant, Anti-inflammatory and Anti-anxiety Properties of the Mostly Consumed Beverages of Ilex Paraguariensis St. Hil." Journal of Ethnopharmacology, vol. 279, 2021, p. 114401.
Mesquita M, Santos E, Kassuya CA, et al. Chimarrão, terere and mate-tea in legitimate technology modes of preparation and consume: A comparative study of chemical composition, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and anti-anxiety properties of the mostly consumed beverages of Ilex paraguariensis St. Hil. J Ethnopharmacol. 2021;279:114401.
Mesquita, M., Santos, E., Kassuya, C. A., & Salvador, M. J. (2021). Chimarrão, terere and mate-tea in legitimate technology modes of preparation and consume: A comparative study of chemical composition, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and anti-anxiety properties of the mostly consumed beverages of Ilex paraguariensis St. Hil. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 279, 114401. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jep.2021.114401
Mesquita M, et al. Chimarrão, Terere and Mate-tea in Legitimate Technology Modes of Preparation and Consume: a Comparative Study of Chemical Composition, Antioxidant, Anti-inflammatory and Anti-anxiety Properties of the Mostly Consumed Beverages of Ilex Paraguariensis St. Hil. J Ethnopharmacol. 2021 Oct 28;279:114401. PubMed PMID: 34245836.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Chimarrão, terere and mate-tea in legitimate technology modes of preparation and consume: A comparative study of chemical composition, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and anti-anxiety properties of the mostly consumed beverages of Ilex paraguariensis St. Hil. AU - Mesquita,M, AU - Santos,E, AU - Kassuya,C A, AU - Salvador,M J, Y1 - 2021/07/07/ PY - 2021/04/14/received PY - 2021/06/29/revised PY - 2021/07/06/accepted PY - 2021/7/11/pubmed PY - 2022/1/7/medline PY - 2021/7/10/entrez KW - Anti-inflammatory KW - Anxiolytic KW - Chemical composition KW - Comparative study KW - Ilex paraguariensis SP - 114401 EP - 114401 JF - Journal of ethnopharmacology JO - J Ethnopharmacol VL - 279 N2 - ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Ilex paraguariensis St. Hil. (Aquifoliaceae) is a medicinal plant widely used by South American populations for centuries and is popularly attributed to stimulating and detoxifying properties. Nowadays, their consume traditionally occurs through three different beverages: chimarrão, terere and mate-tea. AIM OF THE STUDY: Although its composition and properties are well studied, literature lacks work comparing the potential of their extracts obtained by a legitimate preparation mode of their popular beverages. Therefore, the purpose of this research is to investigate changes in chemical composition, antioxidant activity, anti-inflammatory efficacy and anxiolytic effect from lyophilized aqueous extracts obtained simulating the legitimate popular preparation mode of chimarrão, terere and mate-tea. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this work, were investigated differences related to preparation technology and dry material used through chemical composition analysis, with the lyophilized aqueous extracts obtained simulating the chimarrão, terere and mate-tea preparation. The chemical composition analysis comprises the total soluble phenolics content, chemical profiles by HPLC-ESI-MS/MS, and quantitative component detection by HPLC-UV/DAD. Moreover, evaluations of comparative antioxidant activity of the extracts (DPPH and ORACFL assays), anti-inflammatory efficacy and anxiolytic effect were performed in vivo. RESULTS: Our results showed that chimarrão extracts presented a richer composition in terms of phenolic compounds and purine alkaloids, and better antioxidant activity when compared to the other extracts. In pleurisy test, all products showed anti-inflammatory properties in the dose of 60 mg/kg. In the anxiolytic evaluation, although all extracts presented some effect, chimarrão and terere were better than mate-tea in general. No sign of toxicity was observed. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings support that the beverage made as chimarrão has the best composition and the most promising properties overall. SN - 1872-7573 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/34245836/Chimarrão_terere_and_mate_tea_in_legitimate_technology_modes_of_preparation_and_consume:_A_comparative_study_of_chemical_composition_antioxidant_anti_inflammatory_and_anti_anxiety_properties_of_the_mostly_consumed_beverages_of_Ilex_paraguariensis_St__Hil_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -