Hyperthyroidism due to a thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH)-secreting pituitary adenoma associated with functional hyperprolactinaemia. A case report.Acta Endocrinol (Copenh). 1987 Dec; 116(4):452-8.AE
This paper reports the case of a 31-year-old woman with hyperthyroidism, increased TSH and thyroid hormone levels, evidence of a pituitary adenoma, hyperprolactinaemia, amenorrhoea, and galactorrhoea. Following trans-sphenoidal pituitary adenomectomy, mild hyperthyroidism and increased TSH and alpha subunit levels persisted, whereas hyperprolactinaemia, amenorrhoea, and galactorrhoea disappeared. Serum TSH levels were not affected by administration of TRH, metochlopramide, domperidone, l-dopa or somatostatin. Serum TSH chromatography showed a normal pattern. Following a second trans-sphenoidal pituitary adenomectomy and radiotherapy, hyperthyroidism disappeared, and the TSH and alpha subunit levels returned to normal. Light microscopy showed no specific TSH immunostaining although electron microscopy revealed numerous secretory granules alined along the plasma membrane. The post-operative follow-up confirmed the presence of a TSH-secreting pituitary adenoma associated to functional hyperprolactinaemia.