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SARS-CoV-2: fate in water environments and sewage surveillance as an early warning system.
Water Sci Technol. 2021 Jul; 84(1):1-15.WS

Abstract

The carwash is known as one of the most important urban services that brings about the production of huge volume of wastewater with high turbidity and high chemical oxygen demand (COD). Seasonal and carwash location features affect the quality of carwash wastewater. Various methods with special focus on chemical processes have been employed for carwash wastewater treatment and eliminating different pollutants from this wastewater of great concern for the environment. This review was conducted for identifying and comparing the efficiency of chemical processes for carwash wastewater treatment. To this aim, key words were identified and a search protocol was defined to search studies in three databases: Scopus, Web of Science, and PubMed. The results of this systematic review indicated that coagulation (66%) is the most common chemical processes for carwash wastewater treatment. Although chemical processes are able to reduce the turbidity and COD over 80%. Due to the characteristics of carwash wastewater, chemical processes are a necessary pretreatment for processes such as membrane technology. Rapid treatment and high efficiency are the advantages of wastewater treatment by chemical methods, but the energy consumption and sludge volume are two main factors in selection the chemical processes for carwash wastewater treatment.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Wastewater Technology Division, CSIR-National Environmental Engineering Research Institute, Nagpur 440020, India.Wastewater Technology Division, CSIR-National Environmental Engineering Research Institute, Nagpur 440020, India.Wastewater Technology Division, CSIR-National Environmental Engineering Research Institute, Nagpur 440020, India.Wastewater Technology Division, CSIR-National Environmental Engineering Research Institute, Nagpur 440020, India.Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Public Health, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran; Research Center for Environmental Health Technology, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Systematic Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

34280151

Citation

Panchal, Deepak, et al. "SARS-CoV-2: Fate in Water Environments and Sewage Surveillance as an Early Warning System." Water Science and Technology : a Journal of the International Association On Water Pollution Research, vol. 84, no. 1, 2021, pp. 1-15.
Panchal D, Tripathy P, Prakash O, et al. SARS-CoV-2: fate in water environments and sewage surveillance as an early warning system. Water Sci Technol. 2021;84(1):1-15.
Panchal, D., Tripathy, P., Prakash, O., Sharma, A., & Pal, S. (2021). SARS-CoV-2: fate in water environments and sewage surveillance as an early warning system. Water Science and Technology : a Journal of the International Association On Water Pollution Research, 84(1), 1-15. https://doi.org/10.2166/wst.2021.206
Panchal D, et al. SARS-CoV-2: Fate in Water Environments and Sewage Surveillance as an Early Warning System. Water Sci Technol. 2021;84(1):1-15. PubMed PMID: 34280151.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - SARS-CoV-2: fate in water environments and sewage surveillance as an early warning system. AU - Panchal,Deepak, AU - Tripathy,Purusottam, AU - Prakash,Om, AU - Sharma,Abhishek, AU - Pal,Sukdeb, PY - 2021/7/19/entrez PY - 2021/7/20/pubmed PY - 2021/7/22/medline SP - 1 EP - 15 JF - Water science and technology : a journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research JO - Water Sci Technol VL - 84 IS - 1 N2 - The carwash is known as one of the most important urban services that brings about the production of huge volume of wastewater with high turbidity and high chemical oxygen demand (COD). Seasonal and carwash location features affect the quality of carwash wastewater. Various methods with special focus on chemical processes have been employed for carwash wastewater treatment and eliminating different pollutants from this wastewater of great concern for the environment. This review was conducted for identifying and comparing the efficiency of chemical processes for carwash wastewater treatment. To this aim, key words were identified and a search protocol was defined to search studies in three databases: Scopus, Web of Science, and PubMed. The results of this systematic review indicated that coagulation (66%) is the most common chemical processes for carwash wastewater treatment. Although chemical processes are able to reduce the turbidity and COD over 80%. Due to the characteristics of carwash wastewater, chemical processes are a necessary pretreatment for processes such as membrane technology. Rapid treatment and high efficiency are the advantages of wastewater treatment by chemical methods, but the energy consumption and sludge volume are two main factors in selection the chemical processes for carwash wastewater treatment. SN - 0273-1223 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/34280151/SARS-CoV-2:_fate_in_water_environments_and_sewage_surveillance_as_an_early_warning_system. L2 - https://iwaponline.com/wst/article-lookup/doi/10.2166/wst.2021.206 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -