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Sense of Coherence and COVID-19: A Longitudinal Study.
J Psychol. 2021; 155(7):657-677.JP

Abstract

The strong restrictive measures adopted in 2020 against the spread of the COVID-19 pandemic in Italy have deeply affected the general population's mental health. In the current longitudinal study, we specifically focus on sense of coherence (SOC), both in terms of comprehensibility/manageability and meaningfulness, among a large sample of Italian adults; SOC is a potential resource likely to foster the ability to cope with stressors. A total of 2,191 Italian participants (65.8% female) aged 18-82 completed an anonymous online self-report questionnaire at Time 1 (during the lockdown, March 2020) and at Time 2 (at the resumption of most activities, July 2020). The Repeated Measures Latent Profile Analysis (RMLPA) allowed us to identify seven different SOC profiles based on the change in both SOC dimensions, ranging from a strong "crisis" in terms of this resource in the face of the pandemic to a solid possibility to count on it. Interestingly, female and younger respondents were more likely to belong to those profiles characterized by lower levels of SOC, and these profiles have specific relations with fear and wellbeing. The implications of these results and the further expansion of the study are discussed.Supplemental data for this article is available online at https://doi.org/10.1080/00223980.2021.1952151 .

Authors+Show Affiliations

Family Studies and Research University Centre, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore.Department of Psychology, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore.Department of Human and Social Sciences, Università degli Studi di Bergamo.Family Studies and Research University Centre, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore. Department of Psychology, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore.Family Studies and Research University Centre, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore. Department of Psychology, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore.Family Studies and Research University Centre, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore. Department of Psychology, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore.Family Studies and Research University Centre, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore. Department of Psychology, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore.Family Studies and Research University Centre, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore. Department of Psychology, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore.Family Studies and Research University Centre, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore. Department of Psychology, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore.Family Studies and Research University Centre, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore. Department of Psychology, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

34289329

Citation

Danioni, Francesca, et al. "Sense of Coherence and COVID-19: a Longitudinal Study." The Journal of Psychology, vol. 155, no. 7, 2021, pp. 657-677.
Danioni F, Sorgente A, Barni D, et al. Sense of Coherence and COVID-19: A Longitudinal Study. J Psychol. 2021;155(7):657-677.
Danioni, F., Sorgente, A., Barni, D., Canzi, E., Ferrari, L., Ranieri, S., Iafrate, R., Regalia, C., Rosnati, R., & Lanz, M. (2021). Sense of Coherence and COVID-19: A Longitudinal Study. The Journal of Psychology, 155(7), 657-677. https://doi.org/10.1080/00223980.2021.1952151
Danioni F, et al. Sense of Coherence and COVID-19: a Longitudinal Study. J Psychol. 2021;155(7):657-677. PubMed PMID: 34289329.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Sense of Coherence and COVID-19: A Longitudinal Study. AU - Danioni,Francesca, AU - Sorgente,Angela, AU - Barni,Daniela, AU - Canzi,Elena, AU - Ferrari,Laura, AU - Ranieri,Sonia, AU - Iafrate,Raffaella, AU - Regalia,Camillo, AU - Rosnati,Rosa, AU - Lanz,Margherita, Y1 - 2021/07/21/ PY - 2021/7/22/pubmed PY - 2021/9/7/medline PY - 2021/7/21/entrez KW - COVID-19 KW - Repeated Measures Latent Profile Analysis (RMLPA) KW - Sense of coherence KW - salutogenic approach SP - 657 EP - 677 JF - The Journal of psychology JO - J Psychol VL - 155 IS - 7 N2 - The strong restrictive measures adopted in 2020 against the spread of the COVID-19 pandemic in Italy have deeply affected the general population's mental health. In the current longitudinal study, we specifically focus on sense of coherence (SOC), both in terms of comprehensibility/manageability and meaningfulness, among a large sample of Italian adults; SOC is a potential resource likely to foster the ability to cope with stressors. A total of 2,191 Italian participants (65.8% female) aged 18-82 completed an anonymous online self-report questionnaire at Time 1 (during the lockdown, March 2020) and at Time 2 (at the resumption of most activities, July 2020). The Repeated Measures Latent Profile Analysis (RMLPA) allowed us to identify seven different SOC profiles based on the change in both SOC dimensions, ranging from a strong "crisis" in terms of this resource in the face of the pandemic to a solid possibility to count on it. Interestingly, female and younger respondents were more likely to belong to those profiles characterized by lower levels of SOC, and these profiles have specific relations with fear and wellbeing. The implications of these results and the further expansion of the study are discussed.Supplemental data for this article is available online at https://doi.org/10.1080/00223980.2021.1952151 . SN - 1940-1019 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/34289329/Sense_of_Coherence_and_COVID-19:_A_Longitudinal_Study. L2 - https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/00223980.2021.1952151 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -