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The Impact of COVID-19-Related Restrictions on Social and Daily Activities of Parents, People With Disabilities, and Older Adults: Protocol for a Longitudinal, Mixed Methods Study.
JMIR Res Protoc. 2021 Sep 01; 10(9):e28337.JR

Abstract

BACKGROUND

The COVID-19 pandemic has led to wide-scale changes in societal organization. This has dramatically altered people's daily activities, especially among families with young children, those living with disabilities such as spinal cord injury (SCI), those who have experienced a stroke, and older adults.

OBJECTIVE

We aim to (1) investigate how COVID-19 restrictions influence daily activities, (2) track the psychosocial effects of these restrictions over time, and (3) identify strategies to mitigate the potential negative effects of these restrictions.

METHODS

This is a longitudinal, concurrent, mixed methods study being conducted in British Columbia (BC), Canada. Data collection occurred at four time points, between April 2020 and February 2021. The first three data collection time points occurred within phases 1 to 3 of the Province of BC's Restart Plan. The final data collection coincided with the initial distribution of the COVID-19 vaccines. At each time point, data regarding participants' sociodemographics, depressive and anxiety symptoms, resilience, boredom, social support, instrumental activities of daily living, and social media and technology use were collected in an online survey. These data supplemented qualitative videoconference interviews exploring participants' COVID-19-related experiences. Participants were also asked to upload photos representing their experience during the restriction period, which facilitated discussion during the final interview. Five groups of participants were recruited: (1) families with children under the age of 18 years, (2) adults with an SCI, (3) adults who experienced a stroke, (4) adults with other types of disabilities, and (5) older adults (>64 years of age) with no self-reported disability. The number of participants we could recruit from each group was limited, which may impact the validity of some subgroup analyses.

RESULTS

This study was approved by the University of British Columbia Behavioural Research Ethics Board (Approval No. H20-01109) on April 17, 2020. A total of 81 participants were enrolled in this study and data are being analyzed. Data analyses are expected to be completed in fall 2021; submission of multiple papers for publication is expected by winter 2021.

CONCLUSIONS

Findings from our study will inform the development and recommendations of a new resource guide for the post-COVID-19 period and for future public health emergencies.

INTERNATIONAL REGISTERED REPORT IDENTIFIER (IRRID)

DERR1-10.2196/28337.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Occupational Science and Occupational Therapy, Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada. Rehabilitation Research Program, GF Strong Rehabilitation Centre, Vancouver, BC, Canada.Department of Occupational Science and Occupational Therapy, Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada. Rehabilitation Research Program, GF Strong Rehabilitation Centre, Vancouver, BC, Canada. International Collaboration on Repair Discoveries, Vancouver, BC, Canada.Rehabilitation Research Program, GF Strong Rehabilitation Centre, Vancouver, BC, Canada. Graduate Program in Rehabilitation Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada.Department of Occupational Science and Occupational Therapy, Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada. Rehabilitation Research Program, GF Strong Rehabilitation Centre, Vancouver, BC, Canada.Rehabilitation Research Program, GF Strong Rehabilitation Centre, Vancouver, BC, Canada. Graduate Program in Rehabilitation Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada.Rehabilitation Research Program, GF Strong Rehabilitation Centre, Vancouver, BC, Canada. Graduate Program in Rehabilitation Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada.Graduate Program in Rehabilitation Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada.Department of Occupational Science and Occupational Therapy, Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada. Rehabilitation Research Program, GF Strong Rehabilitation Centre, Vancouver, BC, Canada.Department of Occupational Science and Occupational Therapy, Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada. Rehabilitation Research Program, GF Strong Rehabilitation Centre, Vancouver, BC, Canada.Department of Occupational Science and Occupational Therapy, Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada. Chronic Disease Prevention Program, Southern Medical Program, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada.Department of Occupational Science and Occupational Therapy, Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada. Rehabilitation Research Program, GF Strong Rehabilitation Centre, Vancouver, BC, Canada.Department of Occupational Science and Occupational Therapy, Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada.Department of Occupational Science and Occupational Therapy, Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada. Rehabilitation Research Program, GF Strong Rehabilitation Centre, Vancouver, BC, Canada. International Collaboration on Repair Discoveries, Vancouver, BC, Canada.Rehabilitation Engineering Design, British Columbia Institute of Technology, Burnaby, BC, Canada.Department of Occupational Science and Occupational Therapy, Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada.Department of Occupational Science and Occupational Therapy, Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada. Rehabilitation Research Program, GF Strong Rehabilitation Centre, Vancouver, BC, Canada.Department of Occupational Science and Occupational Therapy, Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada.Department of Occupational Science and Occupational Therapy, Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada.Department of Occupational Science and Occupational Therapy, Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada.Department of Occupational Science and Occupational Therapy, Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada.Department of Occupational Science and Occupational Therapy, Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada.Department of Occupational Science and Occupational Therapy, Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada.Department of Occupational Science and Occupational Therapy, Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada. Rehabilitation Research Program, GF Strong Rehabilitation Centre, Vancouver, BC, Canada. International Collaboration on Repair Discoveries, Vancouver, BC, Canada.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

34292163

Citation

Reid, Holly, et al. "The Impact of COVID-19-Related Restrictions On Social and Daily Activities of Parents, People With Disabilities, and Older Adults: Protocol for a Longitudinal, Mixed Methods Study." JMIR Research Protocols, vol. 10, no. 9, 2021, pp. e28337.
Reid H, Miller WC, Esfandiari E, et al. The Impact of COVID-19-Related Restrictions on Social and Daily Activities of Parents, People With Disabilities, and Older Adults: Protocol for a Longitudinal, Mixed Methods Study. JMIR Res Protoc. 2021;10(9):e28337.
Reid, H., Miller, W. C., Esfandiari, E., Mohammadi, S., Rash, I., Tao, G., Simpson, E., Leong, K., Matharu, P., Sakakibara, B., Schmidt, J., Jarus, T., Forwell, S., Borisoff, J., Backman, C., Alic, A., Brooks, E., Chan, J., Flockhart, E., ... Mortenson, W. B. (2021). The Impact of COVID-19-Related Restrictions on Social and Daily Activities of Parents, People With Disabilities, and Older Adults: Protocol for a Longitudinal, Mixed Methods Study. JMIR Research Protocols, 10(9), e28337. https://doi.org/10.2196/28337
Reid H, et al. The Impact of COVID-19-Related Restrictions On Social and Daily Activities of Parents, People With Disabilities, and Older Adults: Protocol for a Longitudinal, Mixed Methods Study. JMIR Res Protoc. 2021 Sep 1;10(9):e28337. PubMed PMID: 34292163.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The Impact of COVID-19-Related Restrictions on Social and Daily Activities of Parents, People With Disabilities, and Older Adults: Protocol for a Longitudinal, Mixed Methods Study. AU - Reid,Holly, AU - Miller,William Cameron, AU - Esfandiari,Elham, AU - Mohammadi,Somayyeh, AU - Rash,Isabelle, AU - Tao,Gordon, AU - Simpson,Ethan, AU - Leong,Kai, AU - Matharu,Parmeet, AU - Sakakibara,Brodie, AU - Schmidt,Julia, AU - Jarus,Tal, AU - Forwell,Susan, AU - Borisoff,Jaimie, AU - Backman,Catherine, AU - Alic,Adam, AU - Brooks,Emily, AU - Chan,Janice, AU - Flockhart,Elliott, AU - Irish,Jessica, AU - Tsukura,Chihori, AU - Di Spirito,Nicole, AU - Mortenson,William Ben, Y1 - 2021/09/01/ PY - 2021/03/02/received PY - 2021/06/30/accepted PY - 2021/05/17/revised PY - 2021/7/23/pubmed PY - 2021/7/23/medline PY - 2021/7/22/entrez KW - COVID-19 KW - adult KW - disability KW - longitudinal study KW - occupational disruption KW - older adults KW - spinal cord injury KW - stroke SP - e28337 EP - e28337 JF - JMIR research protocols JO - JMIR Res Protoc VL - 10 IS - 9 N2 - BACKGROUND: The COVID-19 pandemic has led to wide-scale changes in societal organization. This has dramatically altered people's daily activities, especially among families with young children, those living with disabilities such as spinal cord injury (SCI), those who have experienced a stroke, and older adults. OBJECTIVE: We aim to (1) investigate how COVID-19 restrictions influence daily activities, (2) track the psychosocial effects of these restrictions over time, and (3) identify strategies to mitigate the potential negative effects of these restrictions. METHODS: This is a longitudinal, concurrent, mixed methods study being conducted in British Columbia (BC), Canada. Data collection occurred at four time points, between April 2020 and February 2021. The first three data collection time points occurred within phases 1 to 3 of the Province of BC's Restart Plan. The final data collection coincided with the initial distribution of the COVID-19 vaccines. At each time point, data regarding participants' sociodemographics, depressive and anxiety symptoms, resilience, boredom, social support, instrumental activities of daily living, and social media and technology use were collected in an online survey. These data supplemented qualitative videoconference interviews exploring participants' COVID-19-related experiences. Participants were also asked to upload photos representing their experience during the restriction period, which facilitated discussion during the final interview. Five groups of participants were recruited: (1) families with children under the age of 18 years, (2) adults with an SCI, (3) adults who experienced a stroke, (4) adults with other types of disabilities, and (5) older adults (>64 years of age) with no self-reported disability. The number of participants we could recruit from each group was limited, which may impact the validity of some subgroup analyses. RESULTS: This study was approved by the University of British Columbia Behavioural Research Ethics Board (Approval No. H20-01109) on April 17, 2020. A total of 81 participants were enrolled in this study and data are being analyzed. Data analyses are expected to be completed in fall 2021; submission of multiple papers for publication is expected by winter 2021. CONCLUSIONS: Findings from our study will inform the development and recommendations of a new resource guide for the post-COVID-19 period and for future public health emergencies. INTERNATIONAL REGISTERED REPORT IDENTIFIER (IRRID): DERR1-10.2196/28337. SN - 1929-0748 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/34292163/The_impact_of_COVID-19_related_restrictions_on_social_and_daily_activities_of_parents,_people_with_disabilities_and_older_adults:_Protocol_for_a_longitudinal,_mixed-methods_study. L2 - https://www.researchprotocols.org/2021/9/e28337/ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -
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