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Psychological functioning in survivors of COVID-19: Evidence from recognition of fearful facial expressions.
PLoS One. 2021; 16(7):e0254438.Plos

Abstract

Evidence about the psychological functioning in individuals who survived the COVID-19 infectious is still rare in the literature. In this paper, we investigated fearful facial expressions recognition, as a behavioural means to assess psychological functioning. From May 15th, 2020 to January 30th, 2021, we enrolled sixty Italian individuals admitted in multiple Italian COVID-19 post-intensive care units. The detection and recognition of fearful facial expressions were assessed through an experimental task grounded on an attentional mechanism (i.e., the redundant target effect). According to the results, our participants showed an altered behaviour in detecting and recognizing fearful expressions. Specifically, their performance was in disagreement with the expected behavioural effect. Our study suggested altered processing of fearful expressions in individuals who survived the COVID-19 infectious. Such a difficulty might represent a crucial sign of psychological distress and it should be addressed in tailored psychological interventions in rehabilitative settings and after discharge.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Istituto Auxologico Italiano, IRCCS, U.O. di Neurologia e Neuroriabilitazione, Ospedale S. Giuseppe, Piancavallo, Italy. "Rita Levi Montalcini" Department of Neurosciences, University of Turin, Turin, Italy.Institute of Veruno, Istituti Clinici Scientifici Maugeri IRCCS, Gattico-Veruno, Italy.Institute of Veruno, Istituti Clinici Scientifici Maugeri IRCCS, Gattico-Veruno, Italy.Istituto Auxologico Italiano, IRCCS, U.O. di U.O. Riabilitazione Osteoarticolare, Ospedale S. Giuseppe, Piancavallo, Italy.Istituto Auxologico Italiano, IRCCS, U.O. di U.O. Riabilitazione Osteoarticolare, Ospedale S. Giuseppe, Piancavallo, Italy. Department of Surgical Sciences, Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, University of Turin, Turin, Italy.Istituto Auxologico Italiano, IRCCS, U.O. di Neurologia e Neuroriabilitazione, Ospedale S. Giuseppe, Piancavallo, Italy. "Rita Levi Montalcini" Department of Neurosciences, University of Turin, Turin, Italy.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

34292994

Citation

Scarpina, Federica, et al. "Psychological Functioning in Survivors of COVID-19: Evidence From Recognition of Fearful Facial Expressions." PloS One, vol. 16, no. 7, 2021, pp. e0254438.
Scarpina F, Godi M, Corna S, et al. Psychological functioning in survivors of COVID-19: Evidence from recognition of fearful facial expressions. PLoS One. 2021;16(7):e0254438.
Scarpina, F., Godi, M., Corna, S., Seitanidis, I., Capodaglio, P., & Mauro, A. (2021). Psychological functioning in survivors of COVID-19: Evidence from recognition of fearful facial expressions. PloS One, 16(7), e0254438. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0254438
Scarpina F, et al. Psychological Functioning in Survivors of COVID-19: Evidence From Recognition of Fearful Facial Expressions. PLoS One. 2021;16(7):e0254438. PubMed PMID: 34292994.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Psychological functioning in survivors of COVID-19: Evidence from recognition of fearful facial expressions. AU - Scarpina,Federica, AU - Godi,Marco, AU - Corna,Stefano, AU - Seitanidis,Ionathan, AU - Capodaglio,Paolo, AU - Mauro,Alessandro, Y1 - 2021/07/22/ PY - 2021/02/12/received PY - 2021/06/27/accepted PY - 2021/7/22/entrez PY - 2021/7/23/pubmed PY - 2021/8/5/medline SP - e0254438 EP - e0254438 JF - PloS one JO - PLoS One VL - 16 IS - 7 N2 - Evidence about the psychological functioning in individuals who survived the COVID-19 infectious is still rare in the literature. In this paper, we investigated fearful facial expressions recognition, as a behavioural means to assess psychological functioning. From May 15th, 2020 to January 30th, 2021, we enrolled sixty Italian individuals admitted in multiple Italian COVID-19 post-intensive care units. The detection and recognition of fearful facial expressions were assessed through an experimental task grounded on an attentional mechanism (i.e., the redundant target effect). According to the results, our participants showed an altered behaviour in detecting and recognizing fearful expressions. Specifically, their performance was in disagreement with the expected behavioural effect. Our study suggested altered processing of fearful expressions in individuals who survived the COVID-19 infectious. Such a difficulty might represent a crucial sign of psychological distress and it should be addressed in tailored psychological interventions in rehabilitative settings and after discharge. SN - 1932-6203 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/34292994/Psychological_functioning_in_survivors_of_COVID-19:_Evidence_from_recognition_of_fearful_facial_expressions. L2 - https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0254438 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -