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Healthy Eating Index-2015 and Dietary Total Antioxidant Capacity as Predictors of Prediabetes: A Case-Control Study.
Int J Endocrinol. 2021; 2021:2742103.IJ

Abstract

BACKGROUND

The overall dietary quality, as well as the dietary total antioxidant capacity (DTAC), deserves central attention in the management of borderline high glucose levels since nonpharmacological strategies are imperative in this regard. Thus, we aimed to investigate the association between prediabetes with dietary quality and DTAC.

METHODS

A case-control study was conducted on 49 patients with prediabetes and 98 controls. Demographics, anthropometric measures, and fasting blood glucose levels of all participants were obtained. Participants completed a validated 80-item food frequency questionnaire (FFQ). DTAC scores were generated using FFQ data, and Healthy Eating Index-2015 (HEI-2015) was used as a diet quality index. The lowest tertile of HEI-2015 and DTAC was considered as the reference category, and logistic regression was used to estimate the relationship between prediabetes with HEI-215 and DTAC.

RESULTS

Mean age and body mass index of participants were 47.42 ± 15.98 years and 27.90 ± 4.96 kg/m2. Patients with prediabetes had lower DTAC scores when compared to controls (11.86 ± 5.77 and 17.81 ± 12.08, P = 0.01). There was a significant inverse association between the highest tertile of the DTAC score when compared with the lowest tertile in crude (OR = 0.11; 95% CI: 0.03-0.43), age-adjusted (OR = 0.13; 95% CI: 0.03-0.48), and fully adjusted (OR = 0.09; 95% CI: 0.02-0.53) models. In contrast, there was no difference between HEI-2015 in patients with prediabetes when compared to controls (74.41 ± 8.91 and 74.41 ± 9.35, respectively; P = 0.85). Correspondingly, no difference was observed between the highest tertile of the HEI-2015 score when compared with the lowest tertile in crude (OR = 1.23; 95% CI: 0.53-2.86), age-adjusted (OR = 1.17; 95% CI: 0.48-2.82), and fully adjusted (OR = 1.53; 95% CI: 0.56-4.16) models.

CONCLUSION

This study demonstrates a clear association between prediabetes with less DTAC, but not with HEI-2015.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Health Research Center, Life Style Institute, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.Health Research Center, Life Style Institute, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.Health Research Center, Life Style Institute, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.School of Medicine, Federal University of Uberlandia (UFU), Uberlandia, Minas Gerais, Brazil.Department of Cellular and Molecular Nutrition, School of Nutrition Sciences & Food Technology, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.Medicine, Quran and Hadith Research Center & Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

34335743

Citation

Rahmani, Jamal, et al. "Healthy Eating Index-2015 and Dietary Total Antioxidant Capacity as Predictors of Prediabetes: a Case-Control Study." International Journal of Endocrinology, vol. 2021, 2021, p. 2742103.
Rahmani J, Parastouei K, Taghdir M, et al. Healthy Eating Index-2015 and Dietary Total Antioxidant Capacity as Predictors of Prediabetes: A Case-Control Study. Int J Endocrinol. 2021;2021:2742103.
Rahmani, J., Parastouei, K., Taghdir, M., Santos, H. O., Hosseini Balam, F., & Saberi Isfeedvajani, M. (2021). Healthy Eating Index-2015 and Dietary Total Antioxidant Capacity as Predictors of Prediabetes: A Case-Control Study. International Journal of Endocrinology, 2021, 2742103. https://doi.org/10.1155/2021/2742103
Rahmani J, et al. Healthy Eating Index-2015 and Dietary Total Antioxidant Capacity as Predictors of Prediabetes: a Case-Control Study. Int J Endocrinol. 2021;2021:2742103. PubMed PMID: 34335743.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Healthy Eating Index-2015 and Dietary Total Antioxidant Capacity as Predictors of Prediabetes: A Case-Control Study. AU - Rahmani,Jamal, AU - Parastouei,Karim, AU - Taghdir,Maryam, AU - Santos,Heitor O, AU - Hosseini Balam,Farinaz, AU - Saberi Isfeedvajani,Mohsen, Y1 - 2021/07/21/ PY - 2021/04/15/received PY - 2021/07/12/accepted PY - 2021/8/2/entrez PY - 2021/8/3/pubmed PY - 2021/8/3/medline SP - 2742103 EP - 2742103 JF - International journal of endocrinology JO - Int J Endocrinol VL - 2021 N2 - BACKGROUND: The overall dietary quality, as well as the dietary total antioxidant capacity (DTAC), deserves central attention in the management of borderline high glucose levels since nonpharmacological strategies are imperative in this regard. Thus, we aimed to investigate the association between prediabetes with dietary quality and DTAC. METHODS: A case-control study was conducted on 49 patients with prediabetes and 98 controls. Demographics, anthropometric measures, and fasting blood glucose levels of all participants were obtained. Participants completed a validated 80-item food frequency questionnaire (FFQ). DTAC scores were generated using FFQ data, and Healthy Eating Index-2015 (HEI-2015) was used as a diet quality index. The lowest tertile of HEI-2015 and DTAC was considered as the reference category, and logistic regression was used to estimate the relationship between prediabetes with HEI-215 and DTAC. RESULTS: Mean age and body mass index of participants were 47.42 ± 15.98 years and 27.90 ± 4.96 kg/m2. Patients with prediabetes had lower DTAC scores when compared to controls (11.86 ± 5.77 and 17.81 ± 12.08, P = 0.01). There was a significant inverse association between the highest tertile of the DTAC score when compared with the lowest tertile in crude (OR = 0.11; 95% CI: 0.03-0.43), age-adjusted (OR = 0.13; 95% CI: 0.03-0.48), and fully adjusted (OR = 0.09; 95% CI: 0.02-0.53) models. In contrast, there was no difference between HEI-2015 in patients with prediabetes when compared to controls (74.41 ± 8.91 and 74.41 ± 9.35, respectively; P = 0.85). Correspondingly, no difference was observed between the highest tertile of the HEI-2015 score when compared with the lowest tertile in crude (OR = 1.23; 95% CI: 0.53-2.86), age-adjusted (OR = 1.17; 95% CI: 0.48-2.82), and fully adjusted (OR = 1.53; 95% CI: 0.56-4.16) models. CONCLUSION: This study demonstrates a clear association between prediabetes with less DTAC, but not with HEI-2015. SN - 1687-8337 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/34335743/Healthy_Eating_Index_2015_and_Dietary_Total_Antioxidant_Capacity_as_Predictors_of_Prediabetes:_A_Case_Control_Study_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -
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