The effects of pentobarbital, fentanyl-droperidol, ketamine-xylazine and ketamine-diazepam on noxious stimulus perception in adult male rats.Lab Anim Sci. 1987 Dec; 37(6):731-5.LA
The increased use of rats for laboratory studies has increased the urgency for a better understanding of their perception of painful or noxious stimuli and the means of obtunding such stimuli. Four different injectable drugs, pentobarbital, fentanyl-droperidol (Innovar-Vet), ketamine-xylazine and ketamine-diazepam, were evaluated in this study. Unlike previous studies in rodents, this study has quantitated noxious stimulus perception following a temporal sequence of observations. Results showed the greatest inhibition of noxious stimulus perception with Innovar-Vet, lesser inhibition with ketamine-xylazine and ketamine-diazepam, and the least obtunding of nociception with pentobarbital. Results of this study also suggested that a spatial orientation, similar to that present in man, exists within the CNS of rats for receipt of noxious stimulation.