Effect of slicing and storage temperatures on biochemical aspects of membrane integrity in two different genotypes of tomato.J Sci Food Agric. 2021 Nov; 101(14):6134-6142.JS
Fresh-cut vegetables are subjected to multiple stressing agents including: (i) slicing, which induces cellular decompartmentalization; (ii) low refrigeration temperatures, responsible for chilling injury in the most sensitive products (e.g. tomatoes), and (iii) storage time because tissue senescence and aging can occur and reduce the shelf-life. In tomato slices, one of the most important issues is the membrane, which is responsible for several disorders related to the alteration of physiological processes, including ethylene biosynthesis.
Electrolyte leakage and the content of thiobarbituric acid reactive substances in sliced tomatoes increased over time at two storage temperatures (4 °C and 15 °C) compared with intact fruit for the commercial variety (cultivar) Jama used as reference. However, in the tomato Italian landrace Canestrino, electrolyte leakage in sliced fruits increased after 120 h of storage compared to intact tomatoes, while the thiobarbituric acid reactive substance content increased rapidly over time at both storage temperatures. In the packages, higher ethylene content and carbon dioxide concentrations were detected in sliced tomatoes compared with intact fruits for both genotypes. In the most sensitive genotype for slicing (Jama), phospholipase C activity increased in tomato slices after 24 h of storage, but phospholipase D reached a higher value only at 168 h after processing at 4 °C of storage.
The results evidence that the main damage in slices of full ripe tomatoes is more related to cutting, rather than chilling injury due to storage temperatures, with differences related to the genotype. Slicing enhanced membrane catabolism, ethylene production, and enzyme activity of phospholipases with a significant genotype effect. © 2021 Society of Chemical Industry.