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Airborne transmission of respiratory viruses.
Science. 2021 08 27; 373(6558)Sci

Abstract

The COVID-19 pandemic has revealed critical knowledge gaps in our understanding of and a need to update the traditional view of transmission pathways for respiratory viruses. The long-standing definitions of droplet and airborne transmission do not account for the mechanisms by which virus-laden respiratory droplets and aerosols travel through the air and lead to infection. In this Review, we discuss current evidence regarding the transmission of respiratory viruses by aerosols-how they are generated, transported, and deposited, as well as the factors affecting the relative contributions of droplet-spray deposition versus aerosol inhalation as modes of transmission. Improved understanding of aerosol transmission brought about by studies of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection requires a reevaluation of the major transmission pathways for other respiratory viruses, which will allow better-informed controls to reduce airborne transmission.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Chemistry, National Sun Yat-sen University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan 804, Republic of China. chiawang@mail.nsysu.edu.tw kprather@ucsd.edu. Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA. Aerosol Science Research Center, National Sun Yat-sen University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan 804, Republic of China. Department of Chemistry, National Sun Yat-sen University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan 804, Republic of China.Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA. chiawang@mail.nsysu.edu.tw kprather@ucsd.edu.Department of Biomedical Engineering, Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa 32000, Israel.Department of Biomedical Engineering, Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa 32000, Israel. Department of Chemistry and CIRES, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309, USA.Department of Microbiology and Molecular Genetics, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA 15219, USA.School of Information and Department of Sociology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA.Aerosol Science Research Center, National Sun Yat-sen University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan 804, Republic of China. Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA 24061, USA.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

34446582

Citation

Wang, Chia C., et al. "Airborne Transmission of Respiratory Viruses." Science (New York, N.Y.), vol. 373, no. 6558, 2021.
Wang CC, Prather KA, Sznitman J, et al. Airborne transmission of respiratory viruses. Science. 2021;373(6558).
Wang, C. C., Prather, K. A., Sznitman, J., Jimenez, J. L., Lakdawala, S. S., Tufekci, Z., & Marr, L. C. (2021). Airborne transmission of respiratory viruses. Science (New York, N.Y.), 373(6558). https://doi.org/10.1126/science.abd9149
Wang CC, et al. Airborne Transmission of Respiratory Viruses. Science. 2021 08 27;373(6558) PubMed PMID: 34446582.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Airborne transmission of respiratory viruses. AU - Wang,Chia C, AU - Prather,Kimberly A, AU - Sznitman,Josué, AU - Jimenez,Jose L, AU - Lakdawala,Seema S, AU - Tufekci,Zeynep, AU - Marr,Linsey C, PY - 2021/8/27/entrez PY - 2021/8/28/pubmed PY - 2021/9/11/medline JF - Science (New York, N.Y.) JO - Science VL - 373 IS - 6558 N2 - The COVID-19 pandemic has revealed critical knowledge gaps in our understanding of and a need to update the traditional view of transmission pathways for respiratory viruses. The long-standing definitions of droplet and airborne transmission do not account for the mechanisms by which virus-laden respiratory droplets and aerosols travel through the air and lead to infection. In this Review, we discuss current evidence regarding the transmission of respiratory viruses by aerosols-how they are generated, transported, and deposited, as well as the factors affecting the relative contributions of droplet-spray deposition versus aerosol inhalation as modes of transmission. Improved understanding of aerosol transmission brought about by studies of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection requires a reevaluation of the major transmission pathways for other respiratory viruses, which will allow better-informed controls to reduce airborne transmission. SN - 1095-9203 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/34446582/Airborne_transmission_of_respiratory_viruses_ L2 - https:///www.science.org/doi/10.1126/science.abd9149?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -