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Multi-proxy approaches to investigate cyanobacteria invasion from a eutrophic lake into the circumjacent groundwater.
Water Res. 2021 Oct 01; 204:117578.WR

Abstract

To verify whether cyanobacteria can travel from eutrophic lakes into the surrounding groundwater, a large-scale field investigation, laboratorial incubations, and quartz column penetration tests were carried out in Lake Taihu (China). High-throughput sequencing of 16S rRNA gene amplicons indicated that cyanobacteria operational taxonomic units (OTUs) were present at fifteen out of forty total wells in four cardinal directions at varying distances from the shore of Lake Taihu, up to a maximum of forty-three kilometers. Six cyanobacteria genera were detected including Microcystis, Dolichospermum, Phormidium, Leptolyngbya, Pseudanabaena and Synechococcus. The proportions of Phormidium, Microcystis and Synechococcus OTUs in the total cyanobacterial community were 45.2%, 32.2% and 19.4%, respectively. The qRT-PCR results showed that cyanobacterial abundance decreased with increasing distance from the shore of Lake Taihu. Based on the microscopic analysis of cultures inoculated with groundwater, we found Microcystis, Dolichospermum and Phormidium. Five cyanobacterial genera were able to penetrate columns filled with quartz particles ranging from 100∼200 μm. Finer layers of quartz sands were found to be impenetrable. The rating of infiltration capabilities was Microcystis > Synechococcus > Nostoc > Phormidium > Cylindrospermopsis. Deficient concentrations of microcystins were found (< 1 µg L-1) in the groundwater samples. Based on the consideration of different factors (cyanobacterial composition in Lake Taihu, peripheral groundwater, and algal soil crusts), it was deduced that Microcystis likely originated from the lake. Still, Phormidium was probably originated from the soil infiltration. These results suggest that cyanobacteria and their toxins could travel in the groundwater, but this is a size-dependent mechanism.

Authors+Show Affiliations

College of Natural Resources and Environment, Northwest A & F University, Yangling 712100, PR China.South East Water, 101 Wells Street, Frankston, VIC, 3199, Australia.Water Research Australia (Water RA), Adelaide/Melbourne, South Australia/Victoria, 5001, Australia; Water Research Centre, School of Civil and Environment Engineering, University of New South Wales (UNSW), Sydney, New South Wales 2052, Australia; Infrastructure Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria 3010, Australia.Department of Civil Engineering, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec H3A 0C3, Canada.College of Natural Resources and Environment, Northwest A & F University, Yangling 712100, PR China.College of Natural Resources and Environment, Northwest A & F University, Yangling 712100, PR China.College of Natural Resources and Environment, Northwest A & F University, Yangling 712100, PR China. Electronic address: lileaf@nwsuaf.edu.cn.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

34455158

Citation

Ye, Sisi, et al. "Multi-proxy Approaches to Investigate Cyanobacteria Invasion From a Eutrophic Lake Into the Circumjacent Groundwater." Water Research, vol. 204, 2021, p. 117578.
Ye S, Gao L, Zamyadi A, et al. Multi-proxy approaches to investigate cyanobacteria invasion from a eutrophic lake into the circumjacent groundwater. Water Res. 2021;204:117578.
Ye, S., Gao, L., Zamyadi, A., Glover, C. M., Ma, N., Wu, H., & Li, M. (2021). Multi-proxy approaches to investigate cyanobacteria invasion from a eutrophic lake into the circumjacent groundwater. Water Research, 204, 117578. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.watres.2021.117578
Ye S, et al. Multi-proxy Approaches to Investigate Cyanobacteria Invasion From a Eutrophic Lake Into the Circumjacent Groundwater. Water Res. 2021 Oct 1;204:117578. PubMed PMID: 34455158.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Multi-proxy approaches to investigate cyanobacteria invasion from a eutrophic lake into the circumjacent groundwater. AU - Ye,Sisi, AU - Gao,Li, AU - Zamyadi,Arash, AU - Glover,Caitlin M, AU - Ma,Ning, AU - Wu,Haiming, AU - Li,Ming, Y1 - 2021/08/19/ PY - 2021/01/30/received PY - 2021/08/11/revised PY - 2021/08/16/accepted PY - 2021/8/30/pubmed PY - 2021/10/6/medline PY - 2021/8/29/entrez KW - Cyanobacteria KW - Eutrophication KW - Groundwater KW - Microcystis KW - Shallow lake SP - 117578 EP - 117578 JF - Water research JO - Water Res VL - 204 N2 - To verify whether cyanobacteria can travel from eutrophic lakes into the surrounding groundwater, a large-scale field investigation, laboratorial incubations, and quartz column penetration tests were carried out in Lake Taihu (China). High-throughput sequencing of 16S rRNA gene amplicons indicated that cyanobacteria operational taxonomic units (OTUs) were present at fifteen out of forty total wells in four cardinal directions at varying distances from the shore of Lake Taihu, up to a maximum of forty-three kilometers. Six cyanobacteria genera were detected including Microcystis, Dolichospermum, Phormidium, Leptolyngbya, Pseudanabaena and Synechococcus. The proportions of Phormidium, Microcystis and Synechococcus OTUs in the total cyanobacterial community were 45.2%, 32.2% and 19.4%, respectively. The qRT-PCR results showed that cyanobacterial abundance decreased with increasing distance from the shore of Lake Taihu. Based on the microscopic analysis of cultures inoculated with groundwater, we found Microcystis, Dolichospermum and Phormidium. Five cyanobacterial genera were able to penetrate columns filled with quartz particles ranging from 100∼200 μm. Finer layers of quartz sands were found to be impenetrable. The rating of infiltration capabilities was Microcystis > Synechococcus > Nostoc > Phormidium > Cylindrospermopsis. Deficient concentrations of microcystins were found (< 1 µg L-1) in the groundwater samples. Based on the consideration of different factors (cyanobacterial composition in Lake Taihu, peripheral groundwater, and algal soil crusts), it was deduced that Microcystis likely originated from the lake. Still, Phormidium was probably originated from the soil infiltration. These results suggest that cyanobacteria and their toxins could travel in the groundwater, but this is a size-dependent mechanism. SN - 1879-2448 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/34455158/Multi_proxy_approaches_to_investigate_cyanobacteria_invasion_from_a_eutrophic_lake_into_the_circumjacent_groundwater_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0043-1354(21)00773-9 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -
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