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Post-COVID-19 ergonomic school furniture design under fuzzy logic.
Work. 2021; 69(4):1197-1208.WORK

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Because of wrong sitting position, children have back-pain and related musculoskeletal pain (MPD). Due to inappropriate designed class furniture by not taking into account the children's anthropometric measurements have negative effect on children musculoskeletal systems. The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic crisis has changed the furniture industry's production trends.

OBJECTIVE

This study aimed to develop a new fuzzy based design of ergonomic-oriented classroom furniture for primary school students considering the measured anthropometric dimensions of students' safety, health, well-being, i.e. ergonomic criteria, socio-psychological aspect and post-COVID policies.

METHODS

In the study 2049 number of primary school students are assessed considering COVID-19 pandemic policies and their static anthropometric dimensions were measured between 7-10-year-old (between 1st-4th grade students) and descriptive statistics of children among their ages and genders are calculated; mean, standard deviation, percentiles. The data collected from the students were analyzed quantitatively by using Significance Analysis: Mann-Whitney U test statistic, t-test, Regression Analysis and one-way ANOVA. In the study interviews with experts are performed and fuzzy mathematical model (by using fuzzy-AHP, fuzzy-TOPSIS and fuzzy-VIKOR) is developed to calculate Turkey's three schools' furniture.

RESULTS

Results showed statistically significant differences between two genders. And it is observed that the seating bench height is too high for primary school students and lower than the height of the classroom's blackboard from the floor. Fuzzy Multi Criteria Decision Making Method's (FMCDM) results show that primary school students' ergonomic classroom furniture should be mainly designed by considering "COVID-19 Criteria", "Ergonomic Criteria" and "Socio-Psychological Aspect". Students' existing seating benches and tables are changed by considering post-COVID policies/protocols, Ergonomic Criteria and Socio-Psychological Aspect. And a new seating bench/chair and table's dimensions is proposed in the study.

CONCLUSIONS

Children study at school for long periods and their activities involve long periods of time on their desks in schools. As per the results of the study, it can be concluded that school management must consider the genders, ages of students and take into account the post-COVID policies/protocols while procuring the classroom furniture. The COVID-19 pandemic is the single largest event to have affected children globally in their access to school in recent times; estimates suggest that over 85%of the world's total enrolled learners, 1.5 billion children and youths, have been affected. The coronavirus pandemic also creates dramatic changes for the school furniture.

Authors+Show Affiliations

BOTAS, Transit Pipeline Manager, Ankara, Turkey ORCID: 0000-0003-1927-8208; E-mail: cetinincekara@gmail.com.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

34459430

Citation

Incekara, Cetin O.. "Post-COVID-19 Ergonomic School Furniture Design Under Fuzzy Logic." Work (Reading, Mass.), vol. 69, no. 4, 2021, pp. 1197-1208.
Incekara CO. Post-COVID-19 ergonomic school furniture design under fuzzy logic. Work. 2021;69(4):1197-1208.
Incekara, C. O. (2021). Post-COVID-19 ergonomic school furniture design under fuzzy logic. Work (Reading, Mass.), 69(4), 1197-1208. https://doi.org/10.3233/WOR-210652
Incekara CO. Post-COVID-19 Ergonomic School Furniture Design Under Fuzzy Logic. Work. 2021;69(4):1197-1208. PubMed PMID: 34459430.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Post-COVID-19 ergonomic school furniture design under fuzzy logic. A1 - Incekara,Cetin O, PY - 2021/8/30/entrez PY - 2021/8/31/pubmed PY - 2021/9/1/medline KW - COVID KW - Ergonomic design KW - fuzzy AHP/TOPSIS/VIKOR KW - fuzzy logic KW - school furniture KW - students SP - 1197 EP - 1208 JF - Work (Reading, Mass.) JO - Work VL - 69 IS - 4 N2 - BACKGROUND: Because of wrong sitting position, children have back-pain and related musculoskeletal pain (MPD). Due to inappropriate designed class furniture by not taking into account the children's anthropometric measurements have negative effect on children musculoskeletal systems. The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic crisis has changed the furniture industry's production trends. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to develop a new fuzzy based design of ergonomic-oriented classroom furniture for primary school students considering the measured anthropometric dimensions of students' safety, health, well-being, i.e. ergonomic criteria, socio-psychological aspect and post-COVID policies. METHODS: In the study 2049 number of primary school students are assessed considering COVID-19 pandemic policies and their static anthropometric dimensions were measured between 7-10-year-old (between 1st-4th grade students) and descriptive statistics of children among their ages and genders are calculated; mean, standard deviation, percentiles. The data collected from the students were analyzed quantitatively by using Significance Analysis: Mann-Whitney U test statistic, t-test, Regression Analysis and one-way ANOVA. In the study interviews with experts are performed and fuzzy mathematical model (by using fuzzy-AHP, fuzzy-TOPSIS and fuzzy-VIKOR) is developed to calculate Turkey's three schools' furniture. RESULTS: Results showed statistically significant differences between two genders. And it is observed that the seating bench height is too high for primary school students and lower than the height of the classroom's blackboard from the floor. Fuzzy Multi Criteria Decision Making Method's (FMCDM) results show that primary school students' ergonomic classroom furniture should be mainly designed by considering "COVID-19 Criteria", "Ergonomic Criteria" and "Socio-Psychological Aspect". Students' existing seating benches and tables are changed by considering post-COVID policies/protocols, Ergonomic Criteria and Socio-Psychological Aspect. And a new seating bench/chair and table's dimensions is proposed in the study. CONCLUSIONS: Children study at school for long periods and their activities involve long periods of time on their desks in schools. As per the results of the study, it can be concluded that school management must consider the genders, ages of students and take into account the post-COVID policies/protocols while procuring the classroom furniture. The COVID-19 pandemic is the single largest event to have affected children globally in their access to school in recent times; estimates suggest that over 85%of the world's total enrolled learners, 1.5 billion children and youths, have been affected. The coronavirus pandemic also creates dramatic changes for the school furniture. SN - 1875-9270 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/34459430/Post_COVID_19_ergonomic_school_furniture_design_under_fuzzy_logic_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -