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Emotion profiles among adolescent female athletes: Associations with flourishing.
Body Image. 2021 Dec; 39:166-174.BI

Abstract

Many girls who participate in sport struggle to negotiate the complex relationship between their desired appearance and maintaining a physique that facilitates performance. As a result, these athletes experience a range of emotions about their bodies that impact their psychological well-being. We examined appearance- and fitness-related emotions using latent profile analysis among 507 adolescent girls involved in organized sport and examined differences in flourishing across the resulting profiles. Four emotion profiles were identified: (i) Frequent Pride, (ii) Occasional Fitness Pride, (iii) Occasional Pride, Rare Guilt/Shame, and (iv) Occasional Emotions. Participants in the Occasional Emotions profile reported the lowest flourishing scores compared to every other profile while those in the Frequent Pride profile reported the highest levels of flourishing. There were no differences in flourishing between those in the Occasional Fitness Pride profile and those in the Occasional Pride, Rare Guilt/Shame profile. Our results demonstrate how subsets of athletes may characteristically experience distinct combinations of emotions that are differentially associated with flourishing. Increasing experiences of body-related pride while mitigating experiences of guilt and shame appear to be important contributors to flourishing. However, experiences of pride may do little to buffer against reductions in flourishing when guilt and shame are experienced.

Authors+Show Affiliations

School of Public Health and Health Systems, University of Waterloo, Canada. Electronic address: jenna.gilchrist@uwaterloo.ca.Faculty of Kinesiology and Physical Education, University of Toronto, Canada.School of Health Sciences, Department of Kinesiology, Western University, Canada.School of Kinesiology, The University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada.Faculty of Kinesiology and Physical Education, University of Toronto, Canada.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

34482258

Citation

Gilchrist, Jenna D., et al. "Emotion Profiles Among Adolescent Female Athletes: Associations With Flourishing." Body Image, vol. 39, 2021, pp. 166-174.
Gilchrist JD, Lucibello KM, Pila E, et al. Emotion profiles among adolescent female athletes: Associations with flourishing. Body Image. 2021;39:166-174.
Gilchrist, J. D., Lucibello, K. M., Pila, E., Crocker, P. R. E., & Sabiston, C. M. (2021). Emotion profiles among adolescent female athletes: Associations with flourishing. Body Image, 39, 166-174. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2021.08.003
Gilchrist JD, et al. Emotion Profiles Among Adolescent Female Athletes: Associations With Flourishing. Body Image. 2021;39:166-174. PubMed PMID: 34482258.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Emotion profiles among adolescent female athletes: Associations with flourishing. AU - Gilchrist,Jenna D, AU - Lucibello,Kristen M, AU - Pila,Eva, AU - Crocker,Peter R E, AU - Sabiston,Catherine M, Y1 - 2021/09/03/ PY - 2020/10/25/received PY - 2021/08/02/revised PY - 2021/08/10/accepted PY - 2021/9/6/pubmed PY - 2021/9/6/medline PY - 2021/9/5/entrez KW - Adolescent girls KW - Body image KW - Guilt KW - Pride KW - Shame KW - Sport SP - 166 EP - 174 JF - Body image JO - Body Image VL - 39 N2 - Many girls who participate in sport struggle to negotiate the complex relationship between their desired appearance and maintaining a physique that facilitates performance. As a result, these athletes experience a range of emotions about their bodies that impact their psychological well-being. We examined appearance- and fitness-related emotions using latent profile analysis among 507 adolescent girls involved in organized sport and examined differences in flourishing across the resulting profiles. Four emotion profiles were identified: (i) Frequent Pride, (ii) Occasional Fitness Pride, (iii) Occasional Pride, Rare Guilt/Shame, and (iv) Occasional Emotions. Participants in the Occasional Emotions profile reported the lowest flourishing scores compared to every other profile while those in the Frequent Pride profile reported the highest levels of flourishing. There were no differences in flourishing between those in the Occasional Fitness Pride profile and those in the Occasional Pride, Rare Guilt/Shame profile. Our results demonstrate how subsets of athletes may characteristically experience distinct combinations of emotions that are differentially associated with flourishing. Increasing experiences of body-related pride while mitigating experiences of guilt and shame appear to be important contributors to flourishing. However, experiences of pride may do little to buffer against reductions in flourishing when guilt and shame are experienced. SN - 1873-6807 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/34482258/Emotion_profiles_among_adolescent_female_athletes:_Associations_with_flourishing_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1740-1445(21)00112-1 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -