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A Prospective Study of the Effect of Tinnitus Sound Matching Degree on the Efficacy of Customized Sound Therapy in Patients with Chronic Tinnitus.
ORL J Otorhinolaryngol Relat Spec. 2021 Sep 03 [Online ahead of print]OJ

Abstract

OBJECTIVES

The aim of this study was to explore and compare the customized sound therapy effect between tinnitus sound matching and nonmatching patients in tinnitus customized sound therapy and therapy-related influencing factors.

METHODS

This prospective study investigated a total of 100 patients with unilateral chronic tinnitus who received customized sound therapy. The participants were dichotomously divided into matching (group A) and nonmatching (group B) groups after 4 stages of tinnitus matching via the tinnitus assistant app (provided by Sound Ocean Company, SuZhou, China). Each group consists of 50 participants. Before and 6 months after the treatment, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), tinnitus handicap inventory (THI), and tinnitus loudness Visual Analog Scale (VAS) were used to evaluate the customized sound therapy effect and explore other related influencing factors.

RESULTS

(1) The HADS-A, HADS-D, THI, and VAS scores of 2 groups were both significantly decreased after treatment. (2) The HADS-A and THI scores improved markedly in group A than that in group B, which could be related to the hearing loss of the tinnitus side ear before treatment; the lighter the degree of hearing loss, the better the improvement. No statistically significant differences were detected in HADS-D and VAS scores between the 2 groups, and also, these were not related to the degree of hearing loss. The differences in age, gender, and tinnitus duration did not show any statistically significant effect on the improvement of the 2 groups.

CONCLUSIONS

Both tinnitus sound matching and nonmatching of the customized sound therapy brought a significant effect to tinnitus participants. Our study also suggests that THI and HADS-A scores of those with tinnitus matching participants improved markedly as compared to those of nonmatching participants, and the customized sound therapy effect is negatively correlated with the severity of hearing loss.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Otology and Skull Base Surgery, Eye Ear Nose & Throat Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, China. Shanghai Auditory Medical Center, Shanghai, China. NHC Key Laboratory of Hearing Medicine (Fudan University), Shanghai, China. Fudan University, Shanghai, China.Department of Otology and Skull Base Surgery, Eye Ear Nose & Throat Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, China. Shanghai Auditory Medical Center, Shanghai, China. NHC Key Laboratory of Hearing Medicine (Fudan University), Shanghai, China. Fudan University, Shanghai, China.Department of Otology and Skull Base Surgery, Eye Ear Nose & Throat Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, China. Shanghai Auditory Medical Center, Shanghai, China. NHC Key Laboratory of Hearing Medicine (Fudan University), Shanghai, China. Fudan University, Shanghai, China.Department of Otology and Skull Base Surgery, Eye Ear Nose & Throat Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, China. Shanghai Auditory Medical Center, Shanghai, China. NHC Key Laboratory of Hearing Medicine (Fudan University), Shanghai, China. Fudan University, Shanghai, China.Department of Otology and Skull Base Surgery, Eye Ear Nose & Throat Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, China. Shanghai Auditory Medical Center, Shanghai, China. NHC Key Laboratory of Hearing Medicine (Fudan University), Shanghai, China. Fudan University, Shanghai, China.Fudan University, Shanghai, China. Department of Otorhinolaryngology, HuaDong Hospital Affiliated to Fudan University, Shanghai, China.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

34482306

Citation

Wang, JinYu, et al. "A Prospective Study of the Effect of Tinnitus Sound Matching Degree On the Efficacy of Customized Sound Therapy in Patients With Chronic Tinnitus." ORL; Journal for Oto-rhino-laryngology and Its Related Specialties, 2021, pp. 1-9.
Wang J, Ding J, Song J, et al. A Prospective Study of the Effect of Tinnitus Sound Matching Degree on the Efficacy of Customized Sound Therapy in Patients with Chronic Tinnitus. ORL J Otorhinolaryngol Relat Spec. 2021.
Wang, J., Ding, J., Song, J., Hu, L., Cong, N., & Han, Z. (2021). A Prospective Study of the Effect of Tinnitus Sound Matching Degree on the Efficacy of Customized Sound Therapy in Patients with Chronic Tinnitus. ORL; Journal for Oto-rhino-laryngology and Its Related Specialties, 1-9. https://doi.org/10.1159/000517631
Wang J, et al. A Prospective Study of the Effect of Tinnitus Sound Matching Degree On the Efficacy of Customized Sound Therapy in Patients With Chronic Tinnitus. ORL J Otorhinolaryngol Relat Spec. 2021 Sep 3;1-9. PubMed PMID: 34482306.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - A Prospective Study of the Effect of Tinnitus Sound Matching Degree on the Efficacy of Customized Sound Therapy in Patients with Chronic Tinnitus. AU - Wang,JinYu, AU - Ding,Juan, AU - Song,Jing, AU - Hu,Li, AU - Cong,Ning, AU - Han,Zhao, Y1 - 2021/09/03/ PY - 2020/09/19/received PY - 2021/05/31/accepted PY - 2021/9/5/entrez PY - 2021/9/6/pubmed PY - 2021/9/6/medline KW - Chronic tinnitus KW - Customized sound therapy KW - Sound therapy effect KW - Tinnitus sound matching SP - 1 EP - 9 JF - ORL; journal for oto-rhino-laryngology and its related specialties JO - ORL J Otorhinolaryngol Relat Spec N2 - OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to explore and compare the customized sound therapy effect between tinnitus sound matching and nonmatching patients in tinnitus customized sound therapy and therapy-related influencing factors. METHODS: This prospective study investigated a total of 100 patients with unilateral chronic tinnitus who received customized sound therapy. The participants were dichotomously divided into matching (group A) and nonmatching (group B) groups after 4 stages of tinnitus matching via the tinnitus assistant app (provided by Sound Ocean Company, SuZhou, China). Each group consists of 50 participants. Before and 6 months after the treatment, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), tinnitus handicap inventory (THI), and tinnitus loudness Visual Analog Scale (VAS) were used to evaluate the customized sound therapy effect and explore other related influencing factors. RESULTS: (1) The HADS-A, HADS-D, THI, and VAS scores of 2 groups were both significantly decreased after treatment. (2) The HADS-A and THI scores improved markedly in group A than that in group B, which could be related to the hearing loss of the tinnitus side ear before treatment; the lighter the degree of hearing loss, the better the improvement. No statistically significant differences were detected in HADS-D and VAS scores between the 2 groups, and also, these were not related to the degree of hearing loss. The differences in age, gender, and tinnitus duration did not show any statistically significant effect on the improvement of the 2 groups. CONCLUSIONS: Both tinnitus sound matching and nonmatching of the customized sound therapy brought a significant effect to tinnitus participants. Our study also suggests that THI and HADS-A scores of those with tinnitus matching participants improved markedly as compared to those of nonmatching participants, and the customized sound therapy effect is negatively correlated with the severity of hearing loss. SN - 1423-0275 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/34482306/A_Prospective_Study_of_the_Effect_of_Tinnitus_Sound_Matching_Degree_on_the_Efficacy_of_Customized_Sound_Therapy_in_Patients_with_Chronic_Tinnitus_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -
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