Health-Related Quality of Life Assessed in Children with Adenoid Hypertrophy.Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2021 08 25; 18(17)IJ
The quality of life issue began to be earnestly studied in the second half of the 20th century. It had originally been used as a criterion for measuring levels of human development in the USA and Western Europe. At first, only objective parameters were assessed, such as material goods; however, later, subjective and non-material parameters were added, such as health, freedom, and happiness. Over time, more and more attention has been paid to the subjective parameters regarding any quality of life assessment. Adenoids are physiological clusters of lymphoid tissue included in Waldeyer's ring, which play an important role in shaping and directing the child's local and systemic lines of defence. Adenoid hypertrophy occurs due to a variety of factors, such as recurring or chronic infections of the upper respiratory tract.
To assess health status in children with adenoid system hypertrophy compared with a group of healthy children.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
The study group consisted of children suffering from adenoid hypertrophy, this being the most common chronic disease of the upper respiratory tract. The control group was composed of children attending nursery school (kindergarten), primary school, middle school, and high school. The study was performed by using the Child Health Questionnaire-Parent Form 50 CHQ-PF-50 (CHQ-PF50), which is a general purpose research tool based on psychometric testing when assessing physical and mental well-being in children aged 5 to 18 years.
There were 101 filled out questionnaires for the test group (54 girls and 47 boys), mean age 8.62 years (ranging 5-17), whilst 102 questionnaires for the controls (50 girls and 52 boys), mean age 10.58 years (ranging 5-18). Insignificant differences were found between social functioning resulting from behaviour or emotional state (REB), pain and discomfort (BP), and family cohesion (FC).
Children suffering from adenoid hypertrophy demonstrate the largest decreases in wellbeing in the following areas: behaviour, general perception of health, and mental health.