Shifts in biochemical and physiological responses by the inoculation of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in Triticum aestivum growing under drought conditions.J Sci Food Agric. 2022 Mar 30; 102(5):1927-1938.JS
A decrease in rainfall is one of the main constraints on wheat production, although the association of wheat with arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) may be an alternative for crop production under drought conditions. In the present study, we used three wheat cultivars (Purple, Ilustre and Maxi Baer) inoculated with two AMF strains, one obtained from the hyperarid Atacama Desert (northern Chile; Fm) and the other obtained from southern Chile (Cc). Plants were maintained under two irrigation conditions (normal irrigation and drought) and the physiological behaviour and enzymatic and nonenzymatic antioxidant activities in the shoots were determined. In addition, the phenolic compounds were identified by high-performance liquid chromatography-dioide array detection-electrospray ionization-tandem mass spectrometry and quantified.
AMF colonization produced higher levels of efficiency of photosystem II and photosynthetic pigments. High values of catalase in Purple-Cc, ascorbate peroxidase in Purple-Cc, glutathione reductase in Maxi-Cc and superoxide dismutase in Purple-Cc, all under stress, were registered. Of the inoculated cultivars, Purple-Cc showed the highest flavonoid levels, whereas hydroxycinnamic acids were higher in Maxi-Fm without drought, with apigenin and luteolin being the most abundant. High levels of phenols were present in the Ilustre-Fm plants without drought. Under normal irrigation, high levels of antioxidant activity were registered in the AMF treatments, whereas, under stress conditions, in general, high values were observed under the Fm inoculation.
Our results showed that the greatest antioxidant activity and phenolic content occurred in wheat plants inoculated with AMF, indicating their influence on coping with water stress, which is of importance in vast areas where global climate change is resulting in diminished rainfall. © 2021 Society of Chemical Industry.