Diastereoselective Formal [5+2] Cycloaddition of Diazo Arylidene Succinimides-Derived Rhodium Carbenes and Aldehydes: A Route to 2-Benzoxepines.J Org Chem. 2021 Oct 01; 86(19):13673-13683.JO
We report on a facile method for the preparation of 2-benzoxepine derivatives as a result of Rh(II)-catalyzed decomposition of diazo arylidene succinimides in the presence of aldehydes. The process is thought to involve the formation of styryl carbonyl ylide which undergoes 1,7-electrocyclization and subsequent 1,5-hydrogen shift. In some cases, the competition of the target reaction and [3+2] dipolar cycloaddition of the intermediate carbonyl ylide to another molecule of diazo substrate was observed. Generally, the desired 2-benzoxepines were isolated in good to high yields and high diastereoselectivity. The developed original approach toward a 2-benzoxepine core via formal [5+2] cycloaddition of styryl carbenoids and aldehydes significantly expands the arsenal of synthetic methods for producing this scaffold.