Thiophene-Based Dual Modulators of Aβ and Tau Aggregation.Chembiochem. 2021 12 02; 22(23):3348-3357.C
Alzheimer's disease is characterized by the accumulation of amyloid beta (Aβ) and Tau aggregates in the brain, which induces various pathological events resulting in neurodegeneration. There have been continuous efforts to develop modulators of the Aβ and Tau aggregation process to halt or modify disease progression. A few small-molecule-based inhibitors that target both Aβ and Tau pathology have been reported. Here, we report the screening of a targeted library of small molecules to modulate Aβ and Tau aggregation together with their in vitro, in silico and cellular studies. In vitro ThT fluorescence assay, dot blot assay, gel electrophoresis and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) results have shown that thiophene-based lead molecules effectively modulate Aβ aggregation and inhibit Tau aggregation. In silico studies performed by employing molecular docking, molecular dynamics and binding-free energy calculations have helped in understanding the mechanism of interaction of the lead thiophene compounds with Aβ and Tau fibril targets. In cellulo studies revealed that the lead candidate is biocompatible and effectively ameliorates neuronal cells from Aβ and Tau-mediated amyloid toxicity.