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Occupational exposure to crystalline silica in artificial stone processing.
J Occup Environ Hyg. 2021 12; 18(12):547-554.JO

Abstract

Respirable Crystalline Silica (RCS) is a hazardous substance with known effects that can be well correlated with exposure levels that still persist in many traditional sectors, such as construction or stone processing. In the past decade, exposure scenarios for RCS have been found in the sector of artificial stone processing. The aim of this study is to evaluate the levels of RCS in facilities specialized in the production of artificial stone countertops and other accessories for the furnishing of kitchens, bathrooms, and offices after the introduction of some preventive technical measures such as wet processing or local exhaust ventilation systems. The study involved 51 subjects in four facilities. Personal silica exposure assessment was carried out using GS3 cyclones positioned in the breathing zone during the work shift. Quantitative determination of silica was carried out by X-ray diffraction analysis. Respirable dust levels were in the range 0.046-1.154 mg/m3 with RCS levels within the range <0.003-0.098 mg/m3. The highest exposure was found in dry finishing operations. Although there was a remarkable reduction in RCS exposure levels compared to what was observed in the past before the introduction of preventive measures, the data still showed hazardous exposure levels for some of the monitored activities.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Cardiac, Thoracic, Vascular Sciences and Public Health, University of Padova, Padova, Italy.Department of Cardiac, Thoracic, Vascular Sciences and Public Health, University of Padova, Padova, Italy.Department of Prevention, ULSS7 Pedemontana, Bassano del Grappa (VI), Italy.Department of Prevention, ULSS6 Euganea, Padova, Italy.Department of Prevention, ULSS6 Euganea, Padova, Italy.Department of Cardiac, Thoracic, Vascular Sciences and Public Health, University of Padova, Padova, Italy.Department of Diagnostics and Public Health, University of Verona, Verona, Italy.Department of Diagnostics and Public Health, University of Verona, Verona, Italy.Department of Health, West Chester University of Pennsylvania, West Chester, PA.Department of Cardiac, Thoracic, Vascular Sciences and Public Health, University of Padova, Padova, Italy.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

34643481

Citation

Salamon, Fabiola, et al. "Occupational Exposure to Crystalline Silica in Artificial Stone Processing." Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene, vol. 18, no. 12, 2021, pp. 547-554.
Salamon F, Martinelli A, Vianello L, et al. Occupational exposure to crystalline silica in artificial stone processing. J Occup Environ Hyg. 2021;18(12):547-554.
Salamon, F., Martinelli, A., Vianello, L., Bizzotto, R., Gottardo, O., Guarnieri, G., Franceschi, A., Porru, S., Cena, L., & Carrieri, M. (2021). Occupational exposure to crystalline silica in artificial stone processing. Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene, 18(12), 547-554. https://doi.org/10.1080/15459624.2021.1990303
Salamon F, et al. Occupational Exposure to Crystalline Silica in Artificial Stone Processing. J Occup Environ Hyg. 2021;18(12):547-554. PubMed PMID: 34643481.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Occupational exposure to crystalline silica in artificial stone processing. AU - Salamon,Fabiola, AU - Martinelli,Andrea, AU - Vianello,Liviano, AU - Bizzotto,Rosana, AU - Gottardo,Ottorino, AU - Guarnieri,Gabriella, AU - Franceschi,Antonia, AU - Porru,Stefano, AU - Cena,Lorenzo, AU - Carrieri,Mariella, Y1 - 2021/11/19/ PY - 2021/10/14/pubmed PY - 2022/1/29/medline PY - 2021/10/13/entrez KW - Ceramic/porcelain stones KW - quartz-resin stones KW - respirable dust KW - silicosis SP - 547 EP - 554 JF - Journal of occupational and environmental hygiene JO - J Occup Environ Hyg VL - 18 IS - 12 N2 - Respirable Crystalline Silica (RCS) is a hazardous substance with known effects that can be well correlated with exposure levels that still persist in many traditional sectors, such as construction or stone processing. In the past decade, exposure scenarios for RCS have been found in the sector of artificial stone processing. The aim of this study is to evaluate the levels of RCS in facilities specialized in the production of artificial stone countertops and other accessories for the furnishing of kitchens, bathrooms, and offices after the introduction of some preventive technical measures such as wet processing or local exhaust ventilation systems. The study involved 51 subjects in four facilities. Personal silica exposure assessment was carried out using GS3 cyclones positioned in the breathing zone during the work shift. Quantitative determination of silica was carried out by X-ray diffraction analysis. Respirable dust levels were in the range 0.046-1.154 mg/m3 with RCS levels within the range <0.003-0.098 mg/m3. The highest exposure was found in dry finishing operations. Although there was a remarkable reduction in RCS exposure levels compared to what was observed in the past before the introduction of preventive measures, the data still showed hazardous exposure levels for some of the monitored activities. SN - 1545-9632 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/34643481/Occupational_exposure_to_crystalline_silica_in_artificial_stone_processing_ L2 - https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/15459624.2021.1990303 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -