Role of thromboxane (Tx) A2 in guinea pig Forssman shock and the effect of OKY-046, Tx A2 synthetase inhibitor.Prostaglandins Leukot Med 1987; 26(2):133-41PL
To study the role of thromboxane (Tx) A2 in Forssman systemic shock (FSS) in guinea pig, the effect of (E)-3-[p-(1H-Imidazol-1-ylmethyl)phenyl]-2-propenoic acid hydrochloride (OKY-046), a specific Tx A2 synthetase inhibitor, was studied. OKY-046 administered intravenously clearly prolonged survival time and protected against fatal shock. In shocked animals, definite decreases in serum complement hemolytic activity (CH50), leucocyte counts and platelet counts and an increase in lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) activity were observed. In addition, a significant increase of Tx B2 and incoagulability of blood were observed after shock. Whereas OKY-046 had no effect on the decreases in CH50, platelet counts and leucocyte counts, it inhibited the increase of Tx B2 and increased the amount of 6-keto PG F1 alpha. When Forssman antibody (half a lethal dose) was injected, a diphasic increase in airway resistance was observed. OKY-046 inhibited this diphasic increase in airway resistance. These data suggest a pathophysiological role for Tx A2 in FSS. OKY-046 inhibited the Forssman antibody induced respiratory disorders probably due to the inhibition of Tx A2 synthesis after shock.