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Psychometric properties of a Bahasa Malaysia (Malay) translation of the Body and Appearance Self-Conscious Emotions Scale (BASES): An assessment using exploratory structural equation modelling.
Body Image. 2021 Dec; 39:293-304.BI

Abstract

The Body and Appearance Self-Conscious Emotions Scale (BASES) measures self-conscious emotions in relation to the body and appearance. While scores have been shown to support a hypothesised 4-factor model consisting of facets of shame, guilt, authentic pride, and hubristic pride, previous studies are limited in their sole reliance on confirmatory factor analysis. Here, we assessed the psychometric properties of a novel Bahasa Malaysia translation of the BASES using an exploratory structural equation modelling (ESEM) framework. Malaysian adults (N = 1049) completed the BASES along with measures of body appreciation, psychological well-being, and secure non-striving. The results of exploratory factor analysis and ESEM in separate split-half subsamples supported a 2-dimensional model consisting of Shame-Guilt and Authentic-Hubristic Pride. This 2-dimensional model was broadly invariant across ethnicity, gender, and age, had adequate internal consistency, and evidenced adequate construct validity in relation to the Authenthic-Hubristic Pride subscale. We interpret our findings as consistent with the view that cultural factors shape the way in which body and appearance-related self-conscious emotions are manifested. Our results also highlight the importance of considering alternative conceptualisations of body and appearance-related self-conscious emotions, which previous studies may have obscured through their reliance on confirmatory factor analyses.

Authors+Show Affiliations

School of Psychology and Sport Science, Anglia Ruskin University, Cambridge, United Kingdom; Centre for Psychological Medicine, Perdana University, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Electronic address: viren.swami@aru.ac.uk.Cyberpsychology Laboratory and Department of Psychoeducation and Psychology, Université du Québec en Outaouais, Saint-Jérôme, Canada.Centre for Psychological Medicine, Perdana University, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.Research Management Centre, Perdana University, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.Centre for Psychological Medicine, Perdana University, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

34739921

Citation

Swami, Viren, et al. "Psychometric Properties of a Bahasa Malaysia (Malay) Translation of the Body and Appearance Self-Conscious Emotions Scale (BASES): an Assessment Using Exploratory Structural Equation Modelling." Body Image, vol. 39, 2021, pp. 293-304.
Swami V, Maïano C, Wong KY, et al. Psychometric properties of a Bahasa Malaysia (Malay) translation of the Body and Appearance Self-Conscious Emotions Scale (BASES): An assessment using exploratory structural equation modelling. Body Image. 2021;39:293-304.
Swami, V., Maïano, C., Wong, K. Y., Zahari, H. S., & Barron, D. (2021). Psychometric properties of a Bahasa Malaysia (Malay) translation of the Body and Appearance Self-Conscious Emotions Scale (BASES): An assessment using exploratory structural equation modelling. Body Image, 39, 293-304. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2021.10.003
Swami V, et al. Psychometric Properties of a Bahasa Malaysia (Malay) Translation of the Body and Appearance Self-Conscious Emotions Scale (BASES): an Assessment Using Exploratory Structural Equation Modelling. Body Image. 2021;39:293-304. PubMed PMID: 34739921.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Psychometric properties of a Bahasa Malaysia (Malay) translation of the Body and Appearance Self-Conscious Emotions Scale (BASES): An assessment using exploratory structural equation modelling. AU - Swami,Viren, AU - Maïano,Christophe, AU - Wong,Kah Yan, AU - Zahari,Hanoor Syahirah, AU - Barron,David, Y1 - 2021/11/03/ PY - 2021/05/19/received PY - 2021/10/10/revised PY - 2021/10/13/accepted PY - 2021/11/6/pubmed PY - 2021/11/6/medline PY - 2021/11/5/entrez KW - BASES KW - Body appearance KW - Exploratory structural equation modelling KW - Malaysia KW - Self-conscious emotions KW - Test adaptation SP - 293 EP - 304 JF - Body image JO - Body Image VL - 39 N2 - The Body and Appearance Self-Conscious Emotions Scale (BASES) measures self-conscious emotions in relation to the body and appearance. While scores have been shown to support a hypothesised 4-factor model consisting of facets of shame, guilt, authentic pride, and hubristic pride, previous studies are limited in their sole reliance on confirmatory factor analysis. Here, we assessed the psychometric properties of a novel Bahasa Malaysia translation of the BASES using an exploratory structural equation modelling (ESEM) framework. Malaysian adults (N = 1049) completed the BASES along with measures of body appreciation, psychological well-being, and secure non-striving. The results of exploratory factor analysis and ESEM in separate split-half subsamples supported a 2-dimensional model consisting of Shame-Guilt and Authentic-Hubristic Pride. This 2-dimensional model was broadly invariant across ethnicity, gender, and age, had adequate internal consistency, and evidenced adequate construct validity in relation to the Authenthic-Hubristic Pride subscale. We interpret our findings as consistent with the view that cultural factors shape the way in which body and appearance-related self-conscious emotions are manifested. Our results also highlight the importance of considering alternative conceptualisations of body and appearance-related self-conscious emotions, which previous studies may have obscured through their reliance on confirmatory factor analyses. SN - 1873-6807 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/34739921/Psychometric_properties_of_a_Bahasa_Malaysia__Malay__translation_of_the_Body_and_Appearance_Self_Conscious_Emotions_Scale__BASES_:_An_assessment_using_exploratory_structural_equation_modelling_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1740-1445(21)00127-3 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -