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Mean tensor cephalometric analysis of a patient population with clefts of the palate and lip.
Cleft Palate J. 1987 Oct; 24(4):267-77.CP

Abstract

This study was designed to elucidate the net "effect" of primary and secondary palatal clefts on the craniofacial skeleton as viewed in the lateral cephalogram. A tensor cephalometric analysis is reported for 144 patients with cleft lip, cleft palate, or both. The study involves 13 lateral landmarks located in the patients' cephalograms and in the Michigan normative means. The net deformity (total sample) is a reduction of size in all directions, but primarily in the horizontal dimension (ANS-PNS) at the palatal level. Lower face height is affected less than upper face height. The bilateral group shows a considerably greater amount of "net" deformity in the cranial base and reduction in mandibular body length. The effect of cleft of the secondary palate alone is horizontal. The effect of an additional primary cleft is aligned instead vertically in the maxilla and intensifies the reduction of cranial base depth. These findings concur with the literature that attributes these syndromes to different mechanisms with different modes of inheritance.

Authors+Show Affiliations

NYU School of Medicine, Department of Orthodontics, New York.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

3479272

Citation

Grayson, B H., et al. "Mean Tensor Cephalometric Analysis of a Patient Population With Clefts of the Palate and Lip." The Cleft Palate Journal, vol. 24, no. 4, 1987, pp. 267-77.
Grayson BH, Bookstein FL, McCarthy JG, et al. Mean tensor cephalometric analysis of a patient population with clefts of the palate and lip. Cleft Palate J. 1987;24(4):267-77.
Grayson, B. H., Bookstein, F. L., McCarthy, J. G., & Mueeddin, T. (1987). Mean tensor cephalometric analysis of a patient population with clefts of the palate and lip. The Cleft Palate Journal, 24(4), 267-77.
Grayson BH, et al. Mean Tensor Cephalometric Analysis of a Patient Population With Clefts of the Palate and Lip. Cleft Palate J. 1987;24(4):267-77. PubMed PMID: 3479272.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Mean tensor cephalometric analysis of a patient population with clefts of the palate and lip. AU - Grayson,B H, AU - Bookstein,F L, AU - McCarthy,J G, AU - Mueeddin,T, PY - 1987/10/1/pubmed PY - 1987/10/1/medline PY - 1987/10/1/entrez SP - 267 EP - 77 JF - The Cleft palate journal JO - Cleft Palate J VL - 24 IS - 4 N2 - This study was designed to elucidate the net "effect" of primary and secondary palatal clefts on the craniofacial skeleton as viewed in the lateral cephalogram. A tensor cephalometric analysis is reported for 144 patients with cleft lip, cleft palate, or both. The study involves 13 lateral landmarks located in the patients' cephalograms and in the Michigan normative means. The net deformity (total sample) is a reduction of size in all directions, but primarily in the horizontal dimension (ANS-PNS) at the palatal level. Lower face height is affected less than upper face height. The bilateral group shows a considerably greater amount of "net" deformity in the cranial base and reduction in mandibular body length. The effect of cleft of the secondary palate alone is horizontal. The effect of an additional primary cleft is aligned instead vertically in the maxilla and intensifies the reduction of cranial base depth. These findings concur with the literature that attributes these syndromes to different mechanisms with different modes of inheritance. SN - 0009-8701 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/3479272/Mean_tensor_cephalometric_analysis_of_a_patient_population_with_clefts_of_the_palate_and_lip_ L2 - https://medlineplus.gov/cleftlipandpalate.html DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -