New diketopiperazine alkaloid and polyketides from marine-derived fungus Penicillium sp. TW58-16 with antibacterial activity against Helicobacter pylori.Fitoterapia. 2022 Jan; 156:105095.F
Marine-derived fungi can usually produce structurally novel and biologically potent metabolites. In this study, a new diketopiperazine alkaloid (1) and two new polyketides (10 and 11), along with 8 known diketopiperazine alkaloids (2-9) were isolated from marine-derived fungus Penicillium sp. TW58-16. Their structures were fully elucidated by analyzing UV, IR, HR-ESI-MS, 1D, and 2D NMR spectroscopic data. The absolute configurations of the new compounds 1, 10 and 11 were ascertained by X-ray diffraction (Cu Kα radiation) and comparing their CD data with those reported. In addition, the antibacterial activities of these compounds against Helicobacter pylori in vitro were assessed. Results showed that compounds 3, 6, 8 and 9 displayed moderate antibacterial activity against standard strains and drug-resistant clinical isolates of H. pylori in vitro. This result demonstrates that diketopiperazine alkaloids could be lead compounds to be explored for the treatment of H. pylori infection.