Research advances on surface plasmon resonance biosensors.Nanoscale. 2022 Jan 20; 14(3):564-591.N
The surface plasmon resonance (SPR) phenomenon is of wide interest due to its sensitivity to changes in surface refractive index for the label-free, highly sensitive and rapid detection of biomarkers. This paper reviews research progress on SPR biosensors modified with different substrate structures and surface materials, surface plasmon resonance imaging (SPRI), and SPR-enhanced electrochemiluminescent (ECL) biosensors for applications in biosensing in the last five years. This paper focuses on the research on the application of the SPR phenomenon in the field of bio-detection, reviews the sensing characteristics of SPR biosensors with substrate structures of prisms, gratings, and optical fibers, and summarizes and analyzes the sensitivity and interference resistance of SPR sensors with surface modification of different materials (high-refractive index dielectric films, metallic micro- and nanostructures, and surface antifouling materials). Considering that imaging is an important tool for biomedical detection, this paper reviews the research progress on SPRI technology in the field of biomedical detection. In addition, this paper also reviews the research progress on SPR-enhanced ECL biosensors in the field of biosensing. Finally, this paper provides an outlook on the development trends of biosensing technology in terms of portable high-precision SPR sensors, reduction of self-loss of thin film materials, optimization of image processing techniques and simplification of electrode modification for ECL sensors.