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Knowledge into the Practice against COVID-19: A Cross-Sectional Study from Ghana.
Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2021 12 07; 18(24)IJ

Abstract

The COVID-19 pandemic has affected populations globally, including Ghana. Knowledge of the COVID-19 disease, and the application of preventive public health interventions are pivotal to its control. Besides a lockdown, measures taken against the spread of the virus include the wearing of face masks, social distancing, regular hand washing with soap and, more recently, vaccination against the virus. In order to establish a possible link between the knowledge of the disease and compliance with preventive measures, including vaccination, a cross-sectional study employing an interview-structured questionnaire was conducted in six regions of Ghana (n = 1560). An adequate level of knowledge of COVID-19 (69.9%) was reported. The linear multiple regression analysis further explicated the differences in the knowledge of COVID-19 among the respondents by their knowledge of cholera and influenza (adjusted R-Square = 0.643). Despite this profound knowledge of the illness, two thirds of the respondents were unwilling to follow basic preventive measures and only 35.3% were willing to be vaccinated. Amazingly, neither knowledge of COVID-19 nor the socio-demographic characteristics had any meaningful influence on the practice of preventive measures. Personal attitude leading to efficient public compliance with preventive measures, therefore, is a critical issue demanding special attention and effective interventions by the government and locals with authority to curb the spread of the pandemic which surpasses the traditional channels of public health communication. This includes a roll-out of persuasion, possibly including public figures and influencers, and in any case, a balanced and open discussion addressing the acceptance of the COVID-19 vaccine in order to avoid new variants and comparable problems currently facing many countries of Western Europe. Indeed, a profound hesitancy against vaccination may turn African countries such as Ghana for many years into hotspots of new viral variants.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Division of Bioorganic Chemistry, School of Pharmacy, Saarland University, 66123 Saarbruecken, Germany.Department of Psychiatry, Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital, Kumasi, Ghana.Division of Bioorganic Chemistry, School of Pharmacy, Saarland University, 66123 Saarbruecken, Germany.Department of Health Promotion & Education, School of Public Health, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science & Technology, Kumasi, Ghana.Department for Economics and Sociology of Sports, Faculty of Economics and Empirical Human Sciences, Institute of Sport Sciences, Saarland University, 66123 Saarbruecken, Germany.Department of Pharmacy Practice, Faculty of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science & Technology, Kumasi, Ghana.Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy & Pharmaceutical Sciences, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science & Technology, Kumasi, Ghana.Division of Bioorganic Chemistry, School of Pharmacy, Saarland University, 66123 Saarbruecken, Germany.Division of Bioorganic Chemistry, School of Pharmacy, Saarland University, 66123 Saarbruecken, Germany.Division of Bioorganic Chemistry, School of Pharmacy, Saarland University, 66123 Saarbruecken, Germany.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

34948512

Citation

Yeboah, Prince, et al. "Knowledge Into the Practice Against COVID-19: a Cross-Sectional Study From Ghana." International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, vol. 18, no. 24, 2021.
Yeboah P, Daliri DB, Abdin AY, et al. Knowledge into the Practice against COVID-19: A Cross-Sectional Study from Ghana. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2021;18(24).
Yeboah, P., Daliri, D. B., Abdin, A. Y., Appiah-Brempong, E., Pitsch, W., Panyin, A. B., Adusei, E. B. A., Razouk, A., Nasim, M. J., & Jacob, C. (2021). Knowledge into the Practice against COVID-19: A Cross-Sectional Study from Ghana. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(24). https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182412902
Yeboah P, et al. Knowledge Into the Practice Against COVID-19: a Cross-Sectional Study From Ghana. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2021 12 7;18(24) PubMed PMID: 34948512.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Knowledge into the Practice against COVID-19: A Cross-Sectional Study from Ghana. AU - Yeboah,Prince, AU - Daliri,Dennis Bomansang, AU - Abdin,Ahmad Yaman, AU - Appiah-Brempong,Emmanuel, AU - Pitsch,Werner, AU - Panyin,Anto Berko, AU - Adusei,Emmanuel Bentil Asare, AU - Razouk,Afraa, AU - Nasim,Muhammad Jawad, AU - Jacob,Claus, Y1 - 2021/12/07/ PY - 2021/09/30/received PY - 2021/11/24/revised PY - 2021/12/04/accepted PY - 2021/12/24/entrez PY - 2021/12/25/pubmed PY - 2022/1/1/medline KW - COVID-19 KW - Ghana KW - attitudes KW - knowledge of COVID-19 KW - linear multiple regression analysis KW - practices against COVID-19 KW - preventive measures KW - public health KW - socio-demographics KW - vaccination JF - International journal of environmental research and public health JO - Int J Environ Res Public Health VL - 18 IS - 24 N2 - The COVID-19 pandemic has affected populations globally, including Ghana. Knowledge of the COVID-19 disease, and the application of preventive public health interventions are pivotal to its control. Besides a lockdown, measures taken against the spread of the virus include the wearing of face masks, social distancing, regular hand washing with soap and, more recently, vaccination against the virus. In order to establish a possible link between the knowledge of the disease and compliance with preventive measures, including vaccination, a cross-sectional study employing an interview-structured questionnaire was conducted in six regions of Ghana (n = 1560). An adequate level of knowledge of COVID-19 (69.9%) was reported. The linear multiple regression analysis further explicated the differences in the knowledge of COVID-19 among the respondents by their knowledge of cholera and influenza (adjusted R-Square = 0.643). Despite this profound knowledge of the illness, two thirds of the respondents were unwilling to follow basic preventive measures and only 35.3% were willing to be vaccinated. Amazingly, neither knowledge of COVID-19 nor the socio-demographic characteristics had any meaningful influence on the practice of preventive measures. Personal attitude leading to efficient public compliance with preventive measures, therefore, is a critical issue demanding special attention and effective interventions by the government and locals with authority to curb the spread of the pandemic which surpasses the traditional channels of public health communication. This includes a roll-out of persuasion, possibly including public figures and influencers, and in any case, a balanced and open discussion addressing the acceptance of the COVID-19 vaccine in order to avoid new variants and comparable problems currently facing many countries of Western Europe. Indeed, a profound hesitancy against vaccination may turn African countries such as Ghana for many years into hotspots of new viral variants. SN - 1660-4601 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/34948512/Knowledge_into_the_Practice_against_COVID_19:_A_Cross_Sectional_Study_from_Ghana_ L2 - https://www.mdpi.com/resolver?pii=ijerph182412902 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -