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Morphing Task: The Emotion Recognition Process in Children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder and Autism Spectrum Disorder.
Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2021 12 16; 18(24)IJ

Abstract

Recognizing a person's identity is a fundamental social ability; facial expressions, in particular, are extremely important in social cognition. Individuals affected by autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) display impairment in the recognition of emotions and, consequently, in recognizing expressions related to emotions, and even their identity. The aim of our study was to compare the performance of participants with ADHD, ASD, and typical development (TD) with regard to both accuracy and speed in the morphing task and to determine whether the use of pictures of digitized cartoon faces could significantly facilitate the process of emotion recognition in ASD patients (particularly for disgust). This study investigated the emotion recognition process through the use of dynamic pictures (human faces vs. cartoon faces) created with the morphing technique in three pediatric populations (7-12 years old): ADHD patients, ASD patients, and an age-matched control sample (TD). The Chi-square test was used to compare response latency and accuracy between the three groups in order to determine if there were statistically significant differences (p < 0.05) in the recognition of basic emotions. The results demonstrated a faster response time in neurotypical children compared to ASD and ADHD children, with ADHD participants performing better than ASD participants on the same task. The overall accuracy parameter between the ADHD and ASD groups did not significantly differ.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Human Neurosciences, Sapienza University of Rome, 00185 Rome, Italy.Department of Human Neurosciences, Sapienza University of Rome, 00185 Rome, Italy.Department of Human Neurosciences, Sapienza University of Rome, 00185 Rome, Italy.Department of Human Neurosciences, Sapienza University of Rome, 00185 Rome, Italy.Department of Human Neurosciences, Sapienza University of Rome, 00185 Rome, Italy. Istituto Neurologico Mediterraneo Neuromed IRCCS, 86077 Pozzilli, Italy.Department of Human Neurosciences, Sapienza University of Rome, 00185 Rome, Italy.Department of Human Neurosciences, Sapienza University of Rome, 00185 Rome, Italy.Department of Human Neurosciences, Sapienza University of Rome, 00185 Rome, Italy.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

34948881

Citation

Greco, Cristina, et al. "Morphing Task: the Emotion Recognition Process in Children With Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder and Autism Spectrum Disorder." International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, vol. 18, no. 24, 2021.
Greco C, Romani M, Berardi A, et al. Morphing Task: The Emotion Recognition Process in Children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder and Autism Spectrum Disorder. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2021;18(24).
Greco, C., Romani, M., Berardi, A., De Vita, G., Galeoto, G., Giovannone, F., Vigliante, M., & Sogos, C. (2021). Morphing Task: The Emotion Recognition Process in Children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder and Autism Spectrum Disorder. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(24). https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182413273
Greco C, et al. Morphing Task: the Emotion Recognition Process in Children With Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder and Autism Spectrum Disorder. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2021 12 16;18(24) PubMed PMID: 34948881.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Morphing Task: The Emotion Recognition Process in Children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder and Autism Spectrum Disorder. AU - Greco,Cristina, AU - Romani,Maria, AU - Berardi,Anna, AU - De Vita,Gloria, AU - Galeoto,Giovanni, AU - Giovannone,Federica, AU - Vigliante,Miriam, AU - Sogos,Carla, Y1 - 2021/12/16/ PY - 2021/10/06/received PY - 2021/11/24/revised PY - 2021/12/06/accepted PY - 2021/12/24/entrez PY - 2021/12/25/pubmed PY - 2021/12/31/medline KW - attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) KW - autism spectrum disorder (ASD) KW - emotion recognition KW - facial expression KW - pediatric JF - International journal of environmental research and public health JO - Int J Environ Res Public Health VL - 18 IS - 24 N2 - Recognizing a person's identity is a fundamental social ability; facial expressions, in particular, are extremely important in social cognition. Individuals affected by autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) display impairment in the recognition of emotions and, consequently, in recognizing expressions related to emotions, and even their identity. The aim of our study was to compare the performance of participants with ADHD, ASD, and typical development (TD) with regard to both accuracy and speed in the morphing task and to determine whether the use of pictures of digitized cartoon faces could significantly facilitate the process of emotion recognition in ASD patients (particularly for disgust). This study investigated the emotion recognition process through the use of dynamic pictures (human faces vs. cartoon faces) created with the morphing technique in three pediatric populations (7-12 years old): ADHD patients, ASD patients, and an age-matched control sample (TD). The Chi-square test was used to compare response latency and accuracy between the three groups in order to determine if there were statistically significant differences (p < 0.05) in the recognition of basic emotions. The results demonstrated a faster response time in neurotypical children compared to ASD and ADHD children, with ADHD participants performing better than ASD participants on the same task. The overall accuracy parameter between the ADHD and ASD groups did not significantly differ. SN - 1660-4601 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/34948881/Morphing_Task:_The_Emotion_Recognition_Process_in_Children_with_Attention_Deficit_Hyperactivity_Disorder_and_Autism_Spectrum_Disorder_ L2 - https://www.mdpi.com/resolver?pii=ijerph182413273 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -