A Novel UVA/ClO2 Advanced Oxidation Process for the Degradation of Micropollutants in Water.Environ Sci Technol. 2022 01 18; 56(2):1257-1266.ES
Ultraviolet (UV)-based advanced oxidation processes (AOPs) are increasingly used for the degradation of micropollutants in water and wastewater. This study reports a novel UVA/chlorine dioxide (ClO2) AOP based on the photolysis of ClO2 using energy-efficient UV radiation sources in the UVA range (e.g., UVA-LEDs). At a ClO2 dosage of 74 μM (5.0 mg L-1 as ClO2) and a UV fluence at 47.5 mJ cm-2, the UVA365/ClO2 AOP generated a spectrum of reactive species, including chlorine oxide radicals (ClO•), chlorine atoms (Cl•), hydroxyl radicals (HO•), and ozone at a concentration of ∼10-13, ∼10-15, ∼10-14, and ∼10-7 M, respectively. A kinetic model to simulate the reactive species generation in the UVA365/ClO2 AOP was established, validated against the experimental results, and used to predict the pseudo-first-order rate constants and relative contributions of different reactive species to the degradation of 19 micropollutants in the UVA365/ClO2 AOP. Compared to the well-documented UVC254/chlorine AOP, the UVA365/ClO2 AOP produced similar levels of reactive species at similar oxidant dosages but was much less pH-dependent and required much lower energy input, with much lower formation of chloro-organic byproducts and marginal formation of chlorite and chlorate.