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[Emergency interventions in complicated colonic diverticulosis].
Zentralbl Chir. 1987; 112(24):1538-44.ZC

Abstract

An account is given in this paper of 480 patients who had been hospitalised for colonic diverticulosis or diverticulitis in the surgical department of the Municipal Waid Hospital of Zurich, between 1970 and 1986. Laparotomy had to be performed on 219 of them (45.6 per cent), among them 84 emergency interventions. The average age of these patients was 70.7 years. Indications for emergency surgery included diffuse or locally delimited peritonitis with abscess development in 72 patients, ileus in ten cases, and massive colon haemorrhage in two. The latter two cases were handled with good success by subtotal colectomy with ileorectostomy and, one of them with the source of bleeding known, by colotomy and suturing of that source of bleeding. Sigmaincontinence resection according to Hartmann has been considered the optional approach since 1977 to diffuse peritonitis and to many cases of ileus (n = 39). In more recent time, anastomosis has been used as primary approach to some patients who survived fibrinous abdominal peritonitis (n = 4). The mortality rate associated with drainage operations according to expectation, has been clearly higher than that following resection, the comparable figures being 32.3 and 17.2 per cent. That has been attributable to non-removal of the septic focus. After all, nowadays combined antibiotic therapy is commonly used for seven to ten days for simultaneous control of both aerobic and anaerobic pathogens. This has become routine practice and involves aminoglycoside, metronidazole, and ampicillin. Overall mortality associated with emergency interventions is clearly higher than that after planned operations, the figures being 22.6 and 4.4 per cent.(

ABSTRACT

TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Authors+Show Affiliations

Chirurgischen Klinik, Stadtspitals Waid Zürich.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

English Abstract
Journal Article

Language

ger

PubMed ID

3502055

Citation

Wehrli, H, et al. "[Emergency Interventions in Complicated Colonic Diverticulosis]." Zentralblatt Fur Chirurgie, vol. 112, no. 24, 1987, pp. 1538-44.
Wehrli H, Sulser T, Akovbiantz A. [Emergency interventions in complicated colonic diverticulosis]. Zentralbl Chir. 1987;112(24):1538-44.
Wehrli, H., Sulser, T., & Akovbiantz, A. (1987). [Emergency interventions in complicated colonic diverticulosis]. Zentralblatt Fur Chirurgie, 112(24), 1538-44.
Wehrli H, Sulser T, Akovbiantz A. [Emergency Interventions in Complicated Colonic Diverticulosis]. Zentralbl Chir. 1987;112(24):1538-44. PubMed PMID: 3502055.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - [Emergency interventions in complicated colonic diverticulosis]. AU - Wehrli,H, AU - Sulser,T, AU - Akovbiantz,A, PY - 1987/1/1/pubmed PY - 1987/1/1/medline PY - 1987/1/1/entrez SP - 1538 EP - 44 JF - Zentralblatt fur Chirurgie JO - Zentralbl Chir VL - 112 IS - 24 N2 - An account is given in this paper of 480 patients who had been hospitalised for colonic diverticulosis or diverticulitis in the surgical department of the Municipal Waid Hospital of Zurich, between 1970 and 1986. Laparotomy had to be performed on 219 of them (45.6 per cent), among them 84 emergency interventions. The average age of these patients was 70.7 years. Indications for emergency surgery included diffuse or locally delimited peritonitis with abscess development in 72 patients, ileus in ten cases, and massive colon haemorrhage in two. The latter two cases were handled with good success by subtotal colectomy with ileorectostomy and, one of them with the source of bleeding known, by colotomy and suturing of that source of bleeding. Sigmaincontinence resection according to Hartmann has been considered the optional approach since 1977 to diffuse peritonitis and to many cases of ileus (n = 39). In more recent time, anastomosis has been used as primary approach to some patients who survived fibrinous abdominal peritonitis (n = 4). The mortality rate associated with drainage operations according to expectation, has been clearly higher than that following resection, the comparable figures being 32.3 and 17.2 per cent. That has been attributable to non-removal of the septic focus. After all, nowadays combined antibiotic therapy is commonly used for seven to ten days for simultaneous control of both aerobic and anaerobic pathogens. This has become routine practice and involves aminoglycoside, metronidazole, and ampicillin. Overall mortality associated with emergency interventions is clearly higher than that after planned operations, the figures being 22.6 and 4.4 per cent.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) SN - 0044-409X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/3502055/[Emergency_interventions_in_complicated_colonic_diverticulosis]_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -