Effects of ofloxacin on the structure and function of freshwater microbial communities.Aquat Toxicol. 2022 Mar; 244:106084.AT
Ofloxacin (OFL) is a broad-spectrum fluoroquinolone antibiotic frequently used in clinic for treating bacterial infections. The discharged OFL would inevitably enter into aquatic ecosystems, affecting the growth of non-target microorganisms, which may result in micro-ecosystem imbalance. To the best of our knowledge, researches in this area are rather sparse. The present study evaluated the response of photosynthetic microorganisms (cyanobacteria, eukaryotic algae) and aquatic microbial community to OFL in a microcosm. Results showed that ofloxacin presented an inhibitory effect on the growth Microcystis aeruginosa. Although 0.1 mg/L OFL has no significant impact on alpha diversity of the microbial communities, it obviously altered the structure and decreased the species interaction of prokaryotic community by reducing the capacities of nitrogen fixation, photosynthetic and metabolic capacity of the microbial community. This study pointed out that the residual OFL in water would disturb the balance of the aquatic micro-ecology, suggesting that more attentions should be given to the negative effects of antibiotics and other bioactive pollutants on aquatic environments.