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An unusual presentation of scrub typhus in a child: a case report.
BMC Pediatr. 2022 02 03; 22(1):77.BPed

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Scrub Typhus (ST) is an acute, febrile zoonotic disease caused by the bacterium Orientia tsutsugamushi which is endemic to the Asia-Pacific region. Infected adults rarely present with sensorineural hearing loss and otalgia. Though few cases of pediatric cases are known to present with otalgia, no pediatric cases of sensorineural deafness complicating ST have been reported to date.

CASE PRESENTATION

A 5-year-old, previously healthy girl presented with a one-week history of high-grade intermittent fever, Headache and right ear pain with a recent onset of reduced hearing. She had a fever up to 39 °C, cervical lymphadenopathy, bilateral pleural effusion with diffuse infiltrations, and mild hepatosplenomegaly with no evidence of rash. Her initial examination was normal except for mildly enlarged tonsils. Unilateral right ear hearing loss was noted using Weber's test. Evidence of progressive, mild anemia, and raised inflammatory markers was noted. Diagnosis of scrub typhus was confirmed by positive detection of Orentia tsutsugamushi IgM antibodies on rapid diagnostic test and the presence of chigger mite in the right external auditory canal on repeat examination. She responded dramatically to the empirical treatment of ceftriaxone and doxycycline. On follow-up, she did not have any residual hearing loss and her ear pain had resolved completely.

CONCLUSION

Acute onset hearing loss or severe otalgia with or without findings should be an important diagnostic clue for suspecting scrub typhus in patients who present with a history of fever especially in endemic areas.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Pediatrics, Phuentsholing Hospital, Ministry of Health, Phuentsholing, Bhutan. jimbajatsho@gmail.com.

Pub Type(s)

Case Reports
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

35114958

Citation

Jatsho, Jimba. "An Unusual Presentation of Scrub Typhus in a Child: a Case Report." BMC Pediatrics, vol. 22, no. 1, 2022, p. 77.
Jatsho J. An unusual presentation of scrub typhus in a child: a case report. BMC Pediatr. 2022;22(1):77.
Jatsho, J. (2022). An unusual presentation of scrub typhus in a child: a case report. BMC Pediatrics, 22(1), 77. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12887-022-03139-y
Jatsho J. An Unusual Presentation of Scrub Typhus in a Child: a Case Report. BMC Pediatr. 2022 02 3;22(1):77. PubMed PMID: 35114958.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - An unusual presentation of scrub typhus in a child: a case report. A1 - Jatsho,Jimba, Y1 - 2022/02/03/ PY - 2021/04/07/received PY - 2022/01/26/accepted PY - 2022/2/4/entrez PY - 2022/2/5/pubmed PY - 2022/4/14/medline KW - Bhutan KW - Children KW - Otalgia KW - Rickettisia KW - Scrub typhus KW - Sensorineural hearing loss SP - 77 EP - 77 JF - BMC pediatrics JO - BMC Pediatr VL - 22 IS - 1 N2 - BACKGROUND: Scrub Typhus (ST) is an acute, febrile zoonotic disease caused by the bacterium Orientia tsutsugamushi which is endemic to the Asia-Pacific region. Infected adults rarely present with sensorineural hearing loss and otalgia. Though few cases of pediatric cases are known to present with otalgia, no pediatric cases of sensorineural deafness complicating ST have been reported to date. CASE PRESENTATION: A 5-year-old, previously healthy girl presented with a one-week history of high-grade intermittent fever, Headache and right ear pain with a recent onset of reduced hearing. She had a fever up to 39 °C, cervical lymphadenopathy, bilateral pleural effusion with diffuse infiltrations, and mild hepatosplenomegaly with no evidence of rash. Her initial examination was normal except for mildly enlarged tonsils. Unilateral right ear hearing loss was noted using Weber's test. Evidence of progressive, mild anemia, and raised inflammatory markers was noted. Diagnosis of scrub typhus was confirmed by positive detection of Orentia tsutsugamushi IgM antibodies on rapid diagnostic test and the presence of chigger mite in the right external auditory canal on repeat examination. She responded dramatically to the empirical treatment of ceftriaxone and doxycycline. On follow-up, she did not have any residual hearing loss and her ear pain had resolved completely. CONCLUSION: Acute onset hearing loss or severe otalgia with or without findings should be an important diagnostic clue for suspecting scrub typhus in patients who present with a history of fever especially in endemic areas. SN - 1471-2431 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/35114958/An_unusual_presentation_of_scrub_typhus_in_a_child:_a_case_report_ L2 - https://bmcpediatr.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12887-022-03139-y DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -