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Can dietary patterns prevent cognitive impairment and reduce Alzheimer's disease risk: Exploring the underlying mechanisms of effects.
Neurosci Biobehav Rev. 2022 04; 135:104556.NB

Abstract

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is one of the fastest growing cognitive decline-related neurological diseases. To date, effective curative strategies have remained elusive. A growing body of evidence indicates that dietary patterns have significant effects on cognitive function and the risk of developing AD. Previous studies on the association between diet and AD risk have mainly focused on individual food components and specific nutrients, and the mechanisms responsible for the beneficial effects of dietary patterns on AD are not well understood. This article provides a comprehensive overview of the effects of dietary patterns, including the Mediterranean diet (MedDiet), dietary approaches to stop hypertension (DASH) diet, Mediterranean-DASH diet intervention for neurological delay (MIND), ketogenic diet, caloric restriction, intermittent fasting, methionine restriction, and low-protein and high-carbohydrate diet, on cognitive impairment and summarizes the underlying mechanisms by which dietary patterns attenuate cognitive impairment, especially highlighting the modulation of dietary patterns on cognitive impairment through gut microbiota. Furthermore, considering the variability in individual metabolic responses to dietary intake, we put forward a framework to develop personalized dietary patterns for people with cognitive disorders or AD based on individual gut microbiome compositions.

Authors+Show Affiliations

State Key Laboratory of Food Science and Technology, Jiangnan University, Wuxi, Jiangsu 214122, PR China; School of Food Science and Technology, Jiangnan University, Wuxi, Jiangsu 214122, PR China.State Key Laboratory of Food Science and Technology, Jiangnan University, Wuxi, Jiangsu 214122, PR China; School of Food Science and Technology, Jiangnan University, Wuxi, Jiangsu 214122, PR China. Electronic address: edyulei@126.com.Center for Innovation in Brain Science, University of Arizona, 1230N Cherry Ave, BSRL 410, Tucson, AZ 85721, USA.Center for Innovation in Brain Science, University of Arizona, 1230N Cherry Ave, BSRL 410, Tucson, AZ 85721, USA.State Key Laboratory of Food Science and Technology, Jiangnan University, Wuxi, Jiangsu 214122, PR China; School of Food Science and Technology, Jiangnan University, Wuxi, Jiangsu 214122, PR China.Department of Microbiology & Immunology, National University of Singapore, 22, Singapore 117597, Singapore.State Key Laboratory of Food Science and Technology, Jiangnan University, Wuxi, Jiangsu 214122, PR China; School of Food Science and Technology, Jiangnan University, Wuxi, Jiangsu 214122, PR China.State Key Laboratory of Food Science and Technology, Jiangnan University, Wuxi, Jiangsu 214122, PR China; School of Food Science and Technology, Jiangnan University, Wuxi, Jiangsu 214122, PR China. Electronic address: fwtian@jiangnan.edu.cn.State Key Laboratory of Food Science and Technology, Jiangnan University, Wuxi, Jiangsu 214122, PR China; School of Food Science and Technology, Jiangnan University, Wuxi, Jiangsu 214122, PR China; National Engineering Research Center for Functional Food, Jiangnan University, Wuxi, Jiangsu 214122, PR China.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

35122783

Citation

Chu, Chuan-Qi, et al. "Can Dietary Patterns Prevent Cognitive Impairment and Reduce Alzheimer's Disease Risk: Exploring the Underlying Mechanisms of Effects." Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, vol. 135, 2022, p. 104556.
Chu CQ, Yu LL, Qi GY, et al. Can dietary patterns prevent cognitive impairment and reduce Alzheimer's disease risk: Exploring the underlying mechanisms of effects. Neurosci Biobehav Rev. 2022;135:104556.
Chu, C. Q., Yu, L. L., Qi, G. Y., Mi, Y. S., Wu, W. Q., Lee, Y. K., Zhai, Q. X., Tian, F. W., & Chen, W. (2022). Can dietary patterns prevent cognitive impairment and reduce Alzheimer's disease risk: Exploring the underlying mechanisms of effects. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, 135, 104556. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neubiorev.2022.104556
Chu CQ, et al. Can Dietary Patterns Prevent Cognitive Impairment and Reduce Alzheimer's Disease Risk: Exploring the Underlying Mechanisms of Effects. Neurosci Biobehav Rev. 2022;135:104556. PubMed PMID: 35122783.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Can dietary patterns prevent cognitive impairment and reduce Alzheimer's disease risk: Exploring the underlying mechanisms of effects. AU - Chu,Chuan-Qi, AU - Yu,Lei-Lei, AU - Qi,Guo-Yuan, AU - Mi,Ya-Shi, AU - Wu,Wan-Qiang, AU - Lee,Yuan-Kun, AU - Zhai,Qi-Xiao, AU - Tian,Feng-Wei, AU - Chen,Wei, Y1 - 2022/02/03/ PY - 2021/03/05/received PY - 2022/01/29/revised PY - 2022/01/30/accepted PY - 2022/2/6/pubmed PY - 2022/4/8/medline PY - 2022/2/5/entrez KW - Alzheimer’s disease KW - Cognitive impairment KW - DASH KW - Dietary patterns KW - Dietary restriction KW - Gut microbiome KW - Ketogenic diet KW - MIND KW - Mediterranean KW - Personalized nutrition SP - 104556 EP - 104556 JF - Neuroscience and biobehavioral reviews JO - Neurosci Biobehav Rev VL - 135 N2 - Alzheimer's disease (AD) is one of the fastest growing cognitive decline-related neurological diseases. To date, effective curative strategies have remained elusive. A growing body of evidence indicates that dietary patterns have significant effects on cognitive function and the risk of developing AD. Previous studies on the association between diet and AD risk have mainly focused on individual food components and specific nutrients, and the mechanisms responsible for the beneficial effects of dietary patterns on AD are not well understood. This article provides a comprehensive overview of the effects of dietary patterns, including the Mediterranean diet (MedDiet), dietary approaches to stop hypertension (DASH) diet, Mediterranean-DASH diet intervention for neurological delay (MIND), ketogenic diet, caloric restriction, intermittent fasting, methionine restriction, and low-protein and high-carbohydrate diet, on cognitive impairment and summarizes the underlying mechanisms by which dietary patterns attenuate cognitive impairment, especially highlighting the modulation of dietary patterns on cognitive impairment through gut microbiota. Furthermore, considering the variability in individual metabolic responses to dietary intake, we put forward a framework to develop personalized dietary patterns for people with cognitive disorders or AD based on individual gut microbiome compositions. SN - 1873-7528 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/35122783/Can_dietary_patterns_prevent_cognitive_impairment_and_reduce_Alzheimer's_disease_risk:_Exploring_the_underlying_mechanisms_of_effects_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0149-7634(22)00045-8 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -