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William Cowper.
Surgery. 1986 May; 99(5):582-90.S

Abstract

William Cowper, now virtually forgotten, was the first of the surgeon-scientists of Great Britain. He was the first to bring the power of the experimental method to bear on practical surgical problems and to urge that the principles of surgery be drawn from an understanding of the "animal oeconomy." In these areas he anticipated the celebrated Hunterian school of surgery by more than half a century and by his example he actually set the foundation on which that school was built. Cowper was a scientist of a high order. He was the first to prove the existence of capillaries in higher mammals, to describe naturally occurring arteriovenous shunts in the lungs and spleen, to define the essential physiology of aortic valvular disease, and to recognize the nature and consequences of arteriosclerotic vascular disease. He was the author of two important anatomy books and the first English language treatise on general physiology available to surgeons. He was one of the first two surgeons ever honored by election to the prestigious Royal Society of London. An analysis of the works and doctrines of William Cowper appears to cast serious doubt on the common teaching that the idea of "scientific surgery" was the sole creation of John Hunter.

Authors

No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Biography
Historical Article
Journal Article
Portrait

Language

eng

PubMed ID

3518108

Citation

Buckman, R F., and J W. Futrell. "William Cowper." Surgery, vol. 99, no. 5, 1986, pp. 582-90.
Buckman RF, Futrell JW. William Cowper. Surgery. 1986;99(5):582-90.
Buckman, R. F., & Futrell, J. W. (1986). William Cowper. Surgery, 99(5), 582-90.
Buckman RF, Futrell JW. William Cowper. Surgery. 1986;99(5):582-90. PubMed PMID: 3518108.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - William Cowper. AU - Buckman,R F,Jr AU - Futrell,J W, PY - 1986/5/1/pubmed PY - 2001/3/28/medline PY - 1986/5/1/entrez SP - 582 EP - 90 JF - Surgery JO - Surgery VL - 99 IS - 5 N2 - William Cowper, now virtually forgotten, was the first of the surgeon-scientists of Great Britain. He was the first to bring the power of the experimental method to bear on practical surgical problems and to urge that the principles of surgery be drawn from an understanding of the "animal oeconomy." In these areas he anticipated the celebrated Hunterian school of surgery by more than half a century and by his example he actually set the foundation on which that school was built. Cowper was a scientist of a high order. He was the first to prove the existence of capillaries in higher mammals, to describe naturally occurring arteriovenous shunts in the lungs and spleen, to define the essential physiology of aortic valvular disease, and to recognize the nature and consequences of arteriosclerotic vascular disease. He was the author of two important anatomy books and the first English language treatise on general physiology available to surgeons. He was one of the first two surgeons ever honored by election to the prestigious Royal Society of London. An analysis of the works and doctrines of William Cowper appears to cast serious doubt on the common teaching that the idea of "scientific surgery" was the sole creation of John Hunter. SN - 0039-6060 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/3518108/William_Cowper_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -
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