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A qualitative insight into the perceptions and COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy among Pakistani pharmacists.
Hum Vaccin Immunother. 2022 12 31; 18(1):2031455.HV

Abstract

A qualitative exploration of pharmacists' perceptions regarding COVID-19 conspiracies and their willingness to get vaccinated. A semi-structured questionnaire guide was developed using ground theory to conduct in-depth interviews. A total of 36 participants gave consent for an audio-recorded interview. Results have shown that most of the respondents believed that SARS-CoV-2 is a natural virus, not man-made, that causes a disease just like other viruses and it is absurd to believe that the vaccine is being used by foreign powers for the implantation of microchips just to control humans. A general opinion thatwhich reflected from the in-depth interview is that the pharmaceutical companies may be hiding some important information on COVID-19 to promote the sale of their product. Some doubts on the reliability and trustworthiness on the COVID-19 vaccine safety and efficacy data were noticed among the respondents. Factors leading to COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy were adverse reaction, cost of COVID-19 vaccine, and limited data on safety and efficacy profile of COVID-19 vaccine. COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy among health professionals is a major hindrance to our current fight against COVID-19 pandemic. Findings of this study are alarming, and the stakeholders must consider this ongoing vaccination campaign as an opportunity to formulate a mechanism to ensure high vaccination rate among general public and healthcare providers in Pakistan.KEY POINTSWhat was already known?According to World Health Organization (WHO), vaccine hesitancy is one of the ten major threats to global healthcare system and it is a major barrier to achieve herd immunity around the globe.Pakistan has begun vaccinating its people in a systematic phase-wise manner under which the healthcare workers and elderly people are prioritized for vaccination.Previous experience tells us that vaccine hesitancy is a major problem in Pakistan and it is better to understand perceptions of pharmacists about COVID-19 vaccine who are the primary source of information for most of general population.What this study adds:This study is first of its kind to explore vaccine hesitancy among Pakistani pharmacists and the results of this study show that majority of the participants were willing to get COVID-19 vaccine and few of them have even got themselves vaccinated at the start of vaccination campaign.Many among the willing participants considered cost of vaccine, adverse reactions, limited data, safety, and efficacy as major hindrance to their decision to get vaccine.Few participants were found highly vaccine-hesitant because of their staunch belief in the prevalent myths and rumors about COVID-19 vaccine.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore, Pakistan.Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore, Pakistan.Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore, Pakistan.Department of Medicine, Combined Military Hospital Kharian Medical College, Punjab, Pakistan.Departmennt of Pharmacology and Toxicology, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore, Pakistan.Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore, Pakistan.Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore, Pakistan.Department of Pharmacognosy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Umm Al Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia.Ruth Pfau College of Nutrition Sciences, Lahore Medical and Dental College, Lahore, Pakistan.9 Pengiran Anak Puteri Rashidah Sa'adatul Bolkiah Institute of Health Sciences, Universiti Brunei Darussalam, Gadong, Brunei Darussalam.Department of Pharmacy, Abasyn University, Peshawar, Pakistan. Institute of Medical Sciences, Khyber Medical University, Kohat.College of Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, University of Almaarefa, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.College of Pharmacy, University of Science and Technology of Fujairah, Fujairah, United Arab Emirates.Department of Clinical Pharmacy, Dubai College of Pharmacy, Dubai, United Arab Emirates.Department of Pathology, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, City Campus, Lahore, Pakistan.Department of Clinical Pharmacy & Pharmacotherapeutics, Dubai Pharmacy College for Girls, Al Mizhar Dubai, United Arab Emirates.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

35192781

Citation

Yaseen, Muhammad Osama, et al. "A Qualitative Insight Into the Perceptions and COVID-19 Vaccine Hesitancy Among Pakistani Pharmacists." Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics, vol. 18, no. 1, 2022, p. 2031455.
Yaseen MO, Saif A, Khan TM, et al. A qualitative insight into the perceptions and COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy among Pakistani pharmacists. Hum Vaccin Immunother. 2022;18(1):2031455.
Yaseen, M. O., Saif, A., Khan, T. M., Yaseen, M., Saif, A., Bukhsh, A., Shahid, M. N., Alsenani, F., Tahir, H., Ming, L. C., Amin, M. U., Suleiman, A. K., Al-Worafi, Y. M., Baig, M. R., Saeed Imran, M., & Jaber, A. A. (2022). A qualitative insight into the perceptions and COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy among Pakistani pharmacists. Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics, 18(1), 2031455. https://doi.org/10.1080/21645515.2022.2031455
Yaseen MO, et al. A Qualitative Insight Into the Perceptions and COVID-19 Vaccine Hesitancy Among Pakistani Pharmacists. Hum Vaccin Immunother. 2022 12 31;18(1):2031455. PubMed PMID: 35192781.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - A qualitative insight into the perceptions and COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy among Pakistani pharmacists. AU - Yaseen,Muhammad Osama, AU - Saif,Arifa, AU - Khan,Tahir Mehmood, AU - Yaseen,Misha, AU - Saif,Alia, AU - Bukhsh,Allah, AU - Shahid,Muhammad Nabeel, AU - Alsenani,Faisal, AU - Tahir,Humera, AU - Ming,Long Chiau, AU - Amin,Muhammad Usman, AU - Suleiman,Amal K, AU - Al-Worafi,Yaser Mohammed, AU - Baig,Mirza Rafi, AU - Saeed Imran,Muhammad, AU - Jaber,Ammar A, Y1 - 2022/02/22/ PY - 2022/2/23/pubmed PY - 2022/4/15/medline PY - 2022/2/22/entrez KW - COVID-19 KW - Pakistan KW - hesitancy KW - pharmacist KW - vaccine SP - 2031455 EP - 2031455 JF - Human vaccines & immunotherapeutics JO - Hum Vaccin Immunother VL - 18 IS - 1 N2 - A qualitative exploration of pharmacists' perceptions regarding COVID-19 conspiracies and their willingness to get vaccinated. A semi-structured questionnaire guide was developed using ground theory to conduct in-depth interviews. A total of 36 participants gave consent for an audio-recorded interview. Results have shown that most of the respondents believed that SARS-CoV-2 is a natural virus, not man-made, that causes a disease just like other viruses and it is absurd to believe that the vaccine is being used by foreign powers for the implantation of microchips just to control humans. A general opinion thatwhich reflected from the in-depth interview is that the pharmaceutical companies may be hiding some important information on COVID-19 to promote the sale of their product. Some doubts on the reliability and trustworthiness on the COVID-19 vaccine safety and efficacy data were noticed among the respondents. Factors leading to COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy were adverse reaction, cost of COVID-19 vaccine, and limited data on safety and efficacy profile of COVID-19 vaccine. COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy among health professionals is a major hindrance to our current fight against COVID-19 pandemic. Findings of this study are alarming, and the stakeholders must consider this ongoing vaccination campaign as an opportunity to formulate a mechanism to ensure high vaccination rate among general public and healthcare providers in Pakistan.KEY POINTSWhat was already known?According to World Health Organization (WHO), vaccine hesitancy is one of the ten major threats to global healthcare system and it is a major barrier to achieve herd immunity around the globe.Pakistan has begun vaccinating its people in a systematic phase-wise manner under which the healthcare workers and elderly people are prioritized for vaccination.Previous experience tells us that vaccine hesitancy is a major problem in Pakistan and it is better to understand perceptions of pharmacists about COVID-19 vaccine who are the primary source of information for most of general population.What this study adds:This study is first of its kind to explore vaccine hesitancy among Pakistani pharmacists and the results of this study show that majority of the participants were willing to get COVID-19 vaccine and few of them have even got themselves vaccinated at the start of vaccination campaign.Many among the willing participants considered cost of vaccine, adverse reactions, limited data, safety, and efficacy as major hindrance to their decision to get vaccine.Few participants were found highly vaccine-hesitant because of their staunch belief in the prevalent myths and rumors about COVID-19 vaccine. SN - 2164-554X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/35192781/A_qualitative_insight_into_the_perceptions_and_COVID_19_vaccine_hesitancy_among_Pakistani_pharmacists_ L2 - https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/21645515.2022.2031455 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -