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Effect of mRNA Vaccine Boosters against SARS-CoV-2 Omicron Infection in Qatar.
N Engl J Med. 2022 05 12; 386(19):1804-1816.NEJM

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Waning of vaccine protection against coronavirus disease 2019 (Covid-19) and the emergence of the omicron (or B.1.1.529) variant of the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) have led to expedited efforts to scale up booster vaccination. Protection conferred by booster doses of the BNT162b2 (Pfizer-BioNTech) and mRNA-1273 (Moderna) vaccines in Qatar, as compared with protection conferred by the two-dose primary series, is unclear.

METHODS

We conducted two matched retrospective cohort studies to assess the effectiveness of booster vaccination, as compared with that of a two-dose primary series alone, against symptomatic SARS-CoV-2 infection and Covid-19-related hospitalization and death during a large wave of omicron infections from December 19, 2021, through January 26, 2022. The association of booster status with infection was estimated with the use of Cox proportional-hazards regression models.

RESULTS

In a population of 2,239,193 persons who had received at least two doses of BNT162b2 or mRNA-1273 vaccine, those who had also received a booster were matched with persons who had not received a booster. Among the BNT162b2-vaccinated persons, the cumulative incidence of symptomatic omicron infection was 2.4% (95% confidence interval [CI], 2.3 to 2.5) in the booster cohort and 4.5% (95% CI, 4.3 to 4.6) in the nonbooster cohort after 35 days of follow-up. Booster effectiveness against symptomatic omicron infection, as compared with that of the primary series, was 49.4% (95% CI, 47.1 to 51.6). Booster effectiveness against Covid-19-related hospitalization and death due to omicron infection, as compared with the primary series, was 76.5% (95% CI, 55.9 to 87.5). BNT162b2 booster effectiveness against symptomatic infection with the delta (or B.1.617.2) variant, as compared with the primary series, was 86.1% (95% CI, 67.3 to 94.1). Among the mRNA-1273-vaccinated persons, the cumulative incidence of symptomatic omicron infection was 1.0% (95% CI, 0.9 to 1.2) in the booster cohort and 1.9% (95% CI, 1.8 to 2.1) in the nonbooster cohort after 35 days; booster effectiveness against symptomatic omicron infection, as compared with the primary series, was 47.3% (95% CI, 40.7 to 53.3). Few severe Covid-19 cases were noted in the mRNA-1273-vaccinated cohorts.

CONCLUSIONS

The messenger RNA (mRNA) boosters were highly effective against symptomatic delta infection, but they were less effective against symptomatic omicron infection. However, with both variants, mRNA boosters led to strong protection against Covid-19-related hospitalization and death. (Funded by Weill Cornell Medicine-Qatar and others.).

Authors+Show Affiliations

From the Infectious Disease Epidemiology Group (L.J.A.-R., H.C., S.A.) and the World Health Organization Collaborating Center for Disease Epidemiology Analytics on HIV/AIDS, Sexually Transmitted Infections, and Viral Hepatitis (L.J.A.-R., H.C., S.A.), Weill Cornell Medicine-Qatar, Cornell University, Qatar Foundation-Education City, the Departments of Public Health (L.J.A.-R., H.F.A.-R.) and Biomedical Science (H.M.Y., H.A.A.-K., M.K.S., G.K.N.), College of Health Sciences, QU Health, the Mathematics Program, Department of Mathematics, Statistics, and Physics, College of Arts and Sciences (H.H.A.), the Biomedical Research Center, QU Health (H.M.Y., H.A.A.-K., M.K.S., P.C., G.K.N.), Qatar University, the Department of Pathology, Sidra Medicine (P.T., M.R.H.), Hamad Medical Corporation (P.C., Z.A.-K., E.A.-K., A.J., A.H.K., A.N.L., R.M.S., A.A.B., A.A.-K.), Primary Health Care Corporation (M.G.A.-K.), and the Ministry of Public Health (H.E.A.-R., M.H.A.-T., R.B.) - all in Doha, Qatar; the Departments of Population Health Sciences (L.J.A.-R., H.C., A.A.B.) and Medicine (A.A.B.), Weill Cornell Medicine, Cornell University, New York; and the Wellcome-Wolfson Institute for Experimental Medicine, Queens University, Belfast, United Kingdom (P.C.).From the Infectious Disease Epidemiology Group (L.J.A.-R., H.C., S.A.) and the World Health Organization Collaborating Center for Disease Epidemiology Analytics on HIV/AIDS, Sexually Transmitted Infections, and Viral Hepatitis (L.J.A.-R., H.C., S.A.), Weill Cornell Medicine-Qatar, Cornell University, Qatar Foundation-Education City, the Departments of Public Health (L.J.A.-R., H.F.A.-R.) and Biomedical Science (H.M.Y., H.A.A.-K., M.K.S., G.K.N.), College of Health Sciences, QU Health, the Mathematics Program, Department of Mathematics, Statistics, and Physics, College of Arts and Sciences (H.H.A.), the Biomedical Research Center, QU Health (H.M.Y., H.A.A.-K., M.K.S., P.C., G.K.N.), Qatar University, the Department of Pathology, Sidra Medicine (P.T., M.R.H.), Hamad Medical Corporation (P.C., Z.A.-K., E.A.-K., A.J., A.H.K., A.N.L., R.M.S., A.A.B., A.A.-K.), Primary Health Care Corporation (M.G.A.-K.), and the Ministry of Public Health (H.E.A.-R., M.H.A.-T., R.B.) - all in Doha, Qatar; the Departments of Population Health Sciences (L.J.A.-R., H.C., A.A.B.) and Medicine (A.A.B.), Weill Cornell Medicine, Cornell University, New York; and the Wellcome-Wolfson Institute for Experimental Medicine, Queens University, Belfast, United Kingdom (P.C.).From the Infectious Disease Epidemiology Group (L.J.A.-R., H.C., S.A.) and the World Health Organization Collaborating Center for Disease Epidemiology Analytics on HIV/AIDS, Sexually Transmitted Infections, and Viral Hepatitis (L.J.A.-R., H.C., S.A.), Weill Cornell Medicine-Qatar, Cornell University, Qatar Foundation-Education City, the Departments of Public Health (L.J.A.-R., H.F.A.-R.) and Biomedical Science (H.M.Y., H.A.A.-K., M.K.S., G.K.N.), College of Health Sciences, QU Health, the Mathematics Program, Department of Mathematics, Statistics, and Physics, College of Arts and Sciences (H.H.A.), the Biomedical Research Center, QU Health (H.M.Y., H.A.A.-K., M.K.S., P.C., G.K.N.), Qatar University, the Department of Pathology, Sidra Medicine (P.T., M.R.H.), Hamad Medical Corporation (P.C., Z.A.-K., E.A.-K., A.J., A.H.K., A.N.L., R.M.S., A.A.B., A.A.-K.), Primary Health Care Corporation (M.G.A.-K.), and the Ministry of Public Health (H.E.A.-R., M.H.A.-T., R.B.) - all in Doha, Qatar; the Departments of Population Health Sciences (L.J.A.-R., H.C., A.A.B.) and Medicine (A.A.B.), Weill Cornell Medicine, Cornell University, New York; and the Wellcome-Wolfson Institute for Experimental Medicine, Queens University, Belfast, United Kingdom (P.C.).From the Infectious Disease Epidemiology Group (L.J.A.-R., H.C., S.A.) and the World Health Organization Collaborating Center for Disease Epidemiology Analytics on HIV/AIDS, Sexually Transmitted Infections, and Viral Hepatitis (L.J.A.-R., H.C., S.A.), Weill Cornell Medicine-Qatar, Cornell University, Qatar Foundation-Education City, the Departments of Public Health (L.J.A.-R., H.F.A.-R.) and Biomedical Science (H.M.Y., H.A.A.-K., M.K.S., G.K.N.), College of Health Sciences, QU Health, the Mathematics Program, Department of Mathematics, Statistics, and Physics, College of Arts and Sciences (H.H.A.), the Biomedical Research Center, QU Health (H.M.Y., H.A.A.-K., M.K.S., P.C., G.K.N.), Qatar University, the Department of Pathology, Sidra Medicine (P.T., M.R.H.), Hamad Medical Corporation (P.C., Z.A.-K., E.A.-K., A.J., A.H.K., A.N.L., R.M.S., A.A.B., A.A.-K.), Primary Health Care Corporation (M.G.A.-K.), and the Ministry of Public Health (H.E.A.-R., M.H.A.-T., R.B.) - all in Doha, Qatar; the Departments of Population Health Sciences (L.J.A.-R., H.C., A.A.B.) and Medicine (A.A.B.), Weill Cornell Medicine, Cornell University, New York; and the Wellcome-Wolfson Institute for Experimental Medicine, Queens University, Belfast, United Kingdom (P.C.).From the Infectious Disease Epidemiology Group (L.J.A.-R., H.C., S.A.) and the World Health Organization Collaborating Center for Disease Epidemiology Analytics on HIV/AIDS, Sexually Transmitted Infections, and Viral Hepatitis (L.J.A.-R., H.C., S.A.), Weill Cornell Medicine-Qatar, Cornell University, Qatar Foundation-Education City, the Departments of Public Health (L.J.A.-R., H.F.A.-R.) and Biomedical Science (H.M.Y., H.A.A.-K., M.K.S., G.K.N.), College of Health Sciences, QU Health, the Mathematics Program, Department of Mathematics, Statistics, and Physics, College of Arts and Sciences (H.H.A.), the Biomedical Research Center, QU Health (H.M.Y., H.A.A.-K., M.K.S., P.C., G.K.N.), Qatar University, the Department of Pathology, Sidra Medicine (P.T., M.R.H.), Hamad Medical Corporation (P.C., Z.A.-K., E.A.-K., A.J., A.H.K., A.N.L., R.M.S., A.A.B., A.A.-K.), Primary Health Care Corporation (M.G.A.-K.), and the Ministry of Public Health (H.E.A.-R., M.H.A.-T., R.B.) - all in Doha, Qatar; the Departments of Population Health Sciences (L.J.A.-R., H.C., A.A.B.) and Medicine (A.A.B.), Weill Cornell Medicine, Cornell University, New York; and the Wellcome-Wolfson Institute for Experimental Medicine, Queens University, Belfast, United Kingdom (P.C.).From the Infectious Disease Epidemiology Group (L.J.A.-R., H.C., S.A.) and the World Health Organization Collaborating Center for Disease Epidemiology Analytics on HIV/AIDS, Sexually Transmitted Infections, and Viral Hepatitis (L.J.A.-R., H.C., S.A.), Weill Cornell Medicine-Qatar, Cornell University, Qatar Foundation-Education City, the Departments of Public Health (L.J.A.-R., H.F.A.-R.) and Biomedical Science (H.M.Y., H.A.A.-K., M.K.S., G.K.N.), College of Health Sciences, QU Health, the Mathematics Program, Department of Mathematics, Statistics, and Physics, College of Arts and Sciences (H.H.A.), the Biomedical Research Center, QU Health (H.M.Y., H.A.A.-K., M.K.S., P.C., G.K.N.), Qatar University, the Department of Pathology, Sidra Medicine (P.T., M.R.H.), Hamad Medical Corporation (P.C., Z.A.-K., E.A.-K., A.J., A.H.K., A.N.L., R.M.S., A.A.B., A.A.-K.), Primary Health Care Corporation (M.G.A.-K.), and the Ministry of Public Health (H.E.A.-R., M.H.A.-T., R.B.) - all in Doha, Qatar; the Departments of Population Health Sciences (L.J.A.-R., H.C., A.A.B.) and Medicine (A.A.B.), Weill Cornell Medicine, Cornell University, New York; and the Wellcome-Wolfson Institute for Experimental Medicine, Queens University, Belfast, United Kingdom (P.C.).From the Infectious Disease Epidemiology Group (L.J.A.-R., H.C., S.A.) and the World Health Organization Collaborating Center for Disease Epidemiology Analytics on HIV/AIDS, Sexually Transmitted Infections, and Viral Hepatitis (L.J.A.-R., H.C., S.A.), Weill Cornell Medicine-Qatar, Cornell University, Qatar Foundation-Education City, the Departments of Public Health (L.J.A.-R., H.F.A.-R.) and Biomedical Science (H.M.Y., H.A.A.-K., M.K.S., G.K.N.), College of Health Sciences, QU Health, the Mathematics Program, Department of Mathematics, Statistics, and Physics, College of Arts and Sciences (H.H.A.), the Biomedical Research Center, QU Health (H.M.Y., H.A.A.-K., M.K.S., P.C., G.K.N.), Qatar University, the Department of Pathology, Sidra Medicine (P.T., M.R.H.), Hamad Medical Corporation (P.C., Z.A.-K., E.A.-K., A.J., A.H.K., A.N.L., R.M.S., A.A.B., A.A.-K.), Primary Health Care Corporation (M.G.A.-K.), and the Ministry of Public Health (H.E.A.-R., M.H.A.-T., R.B.) - all in Doha, Qatar; the Departments of Population Health Sciences (L.J.A.-R., H.C., A.A.B.) and Medicine (A.A.B.), Weill Cornell Medicine, Cornell University, New York; and the Wellcome-Wolfson Institute for Experimental Medicine, Queens University, Belfast, United Kingdom (P.C.).From the Infectious Disease Epidemiology Group (L.J.A.-R., H.C., S.A.) and the World Health Organization Collaborating Center for Disease Epidemiology Analytics on HIV/AIDS, Sexually Transmitted Infections, and Viral Hepatitis (L.J.A.-R., H.C., S.A.), Weill Cornell Medicine-Qatar, Cornell University, Qatar Foundation-Education City, the Departments of Public Health (L.J.A.-R., H.F.A.-R.) and Biomedical Science (H.M.Y., H.A.A.-K., M.K.S., G.K.N.), College of Health Sciences, QU Health, the Mathematics Program, Department of Mathematics, Statistics, and Physics, College of Arts and Sciences (H.H.A.), the Biomedical Research Center, QU Health (H.M.Y., H.A.A.-K., M.K.S., P.C., G.K.N.), Qatar University, the Department of Pathology, Sidra Medicine (P.T., M.R.H.), Hamad Medical Corporation (P.C., Z.A.-K., E.A.-K., A.J., A.H.K., A.N.L., R.M.S., A.A.B., A.A.-K.), Primary Health Care Corporation (M.G.A.-K.), and the Ministry of Public Health (H.E.A.-R., M.H.A.-T., R.B.) - all in Doha, Qatar; the Departments of Population Health Sciences (L.J.A.-R., H.C., A.A.B.) and Medicine (A.A.B.), Weill Cornell Medicine, Cornell University, New York; and the Wellcome-Wolfson Institute for Experimental Medicine, Queens University, Belfast, United Kingdom (P.C.).From the Infectious Disease Epidemiology Group (L.J.A.-R., H.C., S.A.) and the World Health Organization Collaborating Center for Disease Epidemiology Analytics on HIV/AIDS, Sexually Transmitted Infections, and Viral Hepatitis (L.J.A.-R., H.C., S.A.), Weill Cornell Medicine-Qatar, Cornell University, Qatar Foundation-Education City, the Departments of Public Health (L.J.A.-R., H.F.A.-R.) and Biomedical Science (H.M.Y., H.A.A.-K., M.K.S., G.K.N.), College of Health Sciences, QU Health, the Mathematics Program, Department of Mathematics, Statistics, and Physics, College of Arts and Sciences (H.H.A.), the Biomedical Research Center, QU Health (H.M.Y., H.A.A.-K., M.K.S., P.C., G.K.N.), Qatar University, the Department of Pathology, Sidra Medicine (P.T., M.R.H.), Hamad Medical Corporation (P.C., Z.A.-K., E.A.-K., A.J., A.H.K., A.N.L., R.M.S., A.A.B., A.A.-K.), Primary Health Care Corporation (M.G.A.-K.), and the Ministry of Public Health (H.E.A.-R., M.H.A.-T., R.B.) - all in Doha, Qatar; the Departments of Population Health Sciences (L.J.A.-R., H.C., A.A.B.) and Medicine (A.A.B.), Weill Cornell Medicine, Cornell University, New York; and the Wellcome-Wolfson Institute for Experimental Medicine, Queens University, Belfast, United Kingdom (P.C.).From the Infectious Disease Epidemiology Group (L.J.A.-R., H.C., S.A.) and the World Health Organization Collaborating Center for Disease Epidemiology Analytics on HIV/AIDS, Sexually Transmitted Infections, and Viral Hepatitis (L.J.A.-R., H.C., S.A.), Weill Cornell Medicine-Qatar, Cornell University, Qatar Foundation-Education City, the Departments of Public Health (L.J.A.-R., H.F.A.-R.) and Biomedical Science (H.M.Y., H.A.A.-K., M.K.S., G.K.N.), College of Health Sciences, QU Health, the Mathematics Program, Department of Mathematics, Statistics, and Physics, College of Arts and Sciences (H.H.A.), the Biomedical Research Center, QU Health (H.M.Y., H.A.A.-K., M.K.S., P.C., G.K.N.), Qatar University, the Department of Pathology, Sidra Medicine (P.T., M.R.H.), Hamad Medical Corporation (P.C., Z.A.-K., E.A.-K., A.J., A.H.K., A.N.L., R.M.S., A.A.B., A.A.-K.), Primary Health Care Corporation (M.G.A.-K.), and the Ministry of Public Health (H.E.A.-R., M.H.A.-T., R.B.) - all in Doha, Qatar; the Departments of Population Health Sciences (L.J.A.-R., H.C., A.A.B.) and Medicine (A.A.B.), Weill Cornell Medicine, Cornell University, New York; and the Wellcome-Wolfson Institute for Experimental Medicine, Queens University, Belfast, United Kingdom (P.C.).From the Infectious Disease Epidemiology Group (L.J.A.-R., H.C., S.A.) and the World Health Organization Collaborating Center for Disease Epidemiology Analytics on HIV/AIDS, Sexually Transmitted Infections, and Viral Hepatitis (L.J.A.-R., H.C., S.A.), Weill Cornell Medicine-Qatar, Cornell University, Qatar Foundation-Education City, the Departments of Public Health (L.J.A.-R., H.F.A.-R.) and Biomedical Science (H.M.Y., H.A.A.-K., M.K.S., G.K.N.), College of Health Sciences, QU Health, the Mathematics Program, Department of Mathematics, Statistics, and Physics, College of Arts and Sciences (H.H.A.), the Biomedical Research Center, QU Health (H.M.Y., H.A.A.-K., M.K.S., P.C., G.K.N.), Qatar University, the Department of Pathology, Sidra Medicine (P.T., M.R.H.), Hamad Medical Corporation (P.C., Z.A.-K., E.A.-K., A.J., A.H.K., A.N.L., R.M.S., A.A.B., A.A.-K.), Primary Health Care Corporation (M.G.A.-K.), and the Ministry of Public Health (H.E.A.-R., M.H.A.-T., R.B.) - all in Doha, Qatar; the Departments of Population Health Sciences (L.J.A.-R., H.C., A.A.B.) and Medicine (A.A.B.), Weill Cornell Medicine, Cornell University, New York; and the Wellcome-Wolfson Institute for Experimental Medicine, Queens University, Belfast, United Kingdom (P.C.).From the Infectious Disease Epidemiology Group (L.J.A.-R., H.C., S.A.) and the World Health Organization Collaborating Center for Disease Epidemiology Analytics on HIV/AIDS, Sexually Transmitted Infections, and Viral Hepatitis (L.J.A.-R., H.C., S.A.), Weill Cornell Medicine-Qatar, Cornell University, Qatar Foundation-Education City, the Departments of Public Health (L.J.A.-R., H.F.A.-R.) and Biomedical Science (H.M.Y., H.A.A.-K., M.K.S., G.K.N.), College of Health Sciences, QU Health, the Mathematics Program, Department of Mathematics, Statistics, and Physics, College of Arts and Sciences (H.H.A.), the Biomedical Research Center, QU Health (H.M.Y., H.A.A.-K., M.K.S., P.C., G.K.N.), Qatar University, the Department of Pathology, Sidra Medicine (P.T., M.R.H.), Hamad Medical Corporation (P.C., Z.A.-K., E.A.-K., A.J., A.H.K., A.N.L., R.M.S., A.A.B., A.A.-K.), Primary Health Care Corporation (M.G.A.-K.), and the Ministry of Public Health (H.E.A.-R., M.H.A.-T., R.B.) - all in Doha, Qatar; the Departments of Population Health Sciences (L.J.A.-R., H.C., A.A.B.) and Medicine (A.A.B.), Weill Cornell Medicine, Cornell University, New York; and the Wellcome-Wolfson Institute for Experimental Medicine, Queens University, Belfast, United Kingdom (P.C.).From the Infectious Disease Epidemiology Group (L.J.A.-R., H.C., S.A.) and the World Health Organization Collaborating Center for Disease Epidemiology Analytics on HIV/AIDS, Sexually Transmitted Infections, and Viral Hepatitis (L.J.A.-R., H.C., S.A.), Weill Cornell Medicine-Qatar, Cornell University, Qatar Foundation-Education City, the Departments of Public Health (L.J.A.-R., H.F.A.-R.) and Biomedical Science (H.M.Y., H.A.A.-K., M.K.S., G.K.N.), College of Health Sciences, QU Health, the Mathematics Program, Department of Mathematics, Statistics, and Physics, College of Arts and Sciences (H.H.A.), the Biomedical Research Center, QU Health (H.M.Y., H.A.A.-K., M.K.S., P.C., G.K.N.), Qatar University, the Department of Pathology, Sidra Medicine (P.T., M.R.H.), Hamad Medical Corporation (P.C., Z.A.-K., E.A.-K., A.J., A.H.K., A.N.L., R.M.S., A.A.B., A.A.-K.), Primary Health Care Corporation (M.G.A.-K.), and the Ministry of Public Health (H.E.A.-R., M.H.A.-T., R.B.) - all in Doha, Qatar; the Departments of Population Health Sciences (L.J.A.-R., H.C., A.A.B.) and Medicine (A.A.B.), Weill Cornell Medicine, Cornell University, New York; and the Wellcome-Wolfson Institute for Experimental Medicine, Queens University, Belfast, United Kingdom (P.C.).From the Infectious Disease Epidemiology Group (L.J.A.-R., H.C., S.A.) and the World Health Organization Collaborating Center for Disease Epidemiology Analytics on HIV/AIDS, Sexually Transmitted Infections, and Viral Hepatitis (L.J.A.-R., H.C., S.A.), Weill Cornell Medicine-Qatar, Cornell University, Qatar Foundation-Education City, the Departments of Public Health (L.J.A.-R., H.F.A.-R.) and Biomedical Science (H.M.Y., H.A.A.-K., M.K.S., G.K.N.), College of Health Sciences, QU Health, the Mathematics Program, Department of Mathematics, Statistics, and Physics, College of Arts and Sciences (H.H.A.), the Biomedical Research Center, QU Health (H.M.Y., H.A.A.-K., M.K.S., P.C., G.K.N.), Qatar University, the Department of Pathology, Sidra Medicine (P.T., M.R.H.), Hamad Medical Corporation (P.C., Z.A.-K., E.A.-K., A.J., A.H.K., A.N.L., R.M.S., A.A.B., A.A.-K.), Primary Health Care Corporation (M.G.A.-K.), and the Ministry of Public Health (H.E.A.-R., M.H.A.-T., R.B.) - all in Doha, Qatar; the Departments of Population Health Sciences (L.J.A.-R., H.C., A.A.B.) and Medicine (A.A.B.), Weill Cornell Medicine, Cornell University, New York; and the Wellcome-Wolfson Institute for Experimental Medicine, Queens University, Belfast, United Kingdom (P.C.).From the Infectious Disease Epidemiology Group (L.J.A.-R., H.C., S.A.) and the World Health Organization Collaborating Center for Disease Epidemiology Analytics on HIV/AIDS, Sexually Transmitted Infections, and Viral Hepatitis (L.J.A.-R., H.C., S.A.), Weill Cornell Medicine-Qatar, Cornell University, Qatar Foundation-Education City, the Departments of Public Health (L.J.A.-R., H.F.A.-R.) and Biomedical Science (H.M.Y., H.A.A.-K., M.K.S., G.K.N.), College of Health Sciences, QU Health, the Mathematics Program, Department of Mathematics, Statistics, and Physics, College of Arts and Sciences (H.H.A.), the Biomedical Research Center, QU Health (H.M.Y., H.A.A.-K., M.K.S., P.C., G.K.N.), Qatar University, the Department of Pathology, Sidra Medicine (P.T., M.R.H.), Hamad Medical Corporation (P.C., Z.A.-K., E.A.-K., A.J., A.H.K., A.N.L., R.M.S., A.A.B., A.A.-K.), Primary Health Care Corporation (M.G.A.-K.), and the Ministry of Public Health (H.E.A.-R., M.H.A.-T., R.B.) - all in Doha, Qatar; the Departments of Population Health Sciences (L.J.A.-R., H.C., A.A.B.) and Medicine (A.A.B.), Weill Cornell Medicine, Cornell University, New York; and the Wellcome-Wolfson Institute for Experimental Medicine, Queens University, Belfast, United Kingdom (P.C.).From the Infectious Disease Epidemiology Group (L.J.A.-R., H.C., S.A.) and the World Health Organization Collaborating Center for Disease Epidemiology Analytics on HIV/AIDS, Sexually Transmitted Infections, and Viral Hepatitis (L.J.A.-R., H.C., S.A.), Weill Cornell Medicine-Qatar, Cornell University, Qatar Foundation-Education City, the Departments of Public Health (L.J.A.-R., H.F.A.-R.) and Biomedical Science (H.M.Y., H.A.A.-K., M.K.S., G.K.N.), College of Health Sciences, QU Health, the Mathematics Program, Department of Mathematics, Statistics, and Physics, College of Arts and Sciences (H.H.A.), the Biomedical Research Center, QU Health (H.M.Y., H.A.A.-K., M.K.S., P.C., G.K.N.), Qatar University, the Department of Pathology, Sidra Medicine (P.T., M.R.H.), Hamad Medical Corporation (P.C., Z.A.-K., E.A.-K., A.J., A.H.K., A.N.L., R.M.S., A.A.B., A.A.-K.), Primary Health Care Corporation (M.G.A.-K.), and the Ministry of Public Health (H.E.A.-R., M.H.A.-T., R.B.) - all in Doha, Qatar; the Departments of Population Health Sciences (L.J.A.-R., H.C., A.A.B.) and Medicine (A.A.B.), Weill Cornell Medicine, Cornell University, New York; and the Wellcome-Wolfson Institute for Experimental Medicine, Queens University, Belfast, United Kingdom (P.C.).From the Infectious Disease Epidemiology Group (L.J.A.-R., H.C., S.A.) and the World Health Organization Collaborating Center for Disease Epidemiology Analytics on HIV/AIDS, Sexually Transmitted Infections, and Viral Hepatitis (L.J.A.-R., H.C., S.A.), Weill Cornell Medicine-Qatar, Cornell University, Qatar Foundation-Education City, the Departments of Public Health (L.J.A.-R., H.F.A.-R.) and Biomedical Science (H.M.Y., H.A.A.-K., M.K.S., G.K.N.), College of Health Sciences, QU Health, the Mathematics Program, Department of Mathematics, Statistics, and Physics, College of Arts and Sciences (H.H.A.), the Biomedical Research Center, QU Health (H.M.Y., H.A.A.-K., M.K.S., P.C., G.K.N.), Qatar University, the Department of Pathology, Sidra Medicine (P.T., M.R.H.), Hamad Medical Corporation (P.C., Z.A.-K., E.A.-K., A.J., A.H.K., A.N.L., R.M.S., A.A.B., A.A.-K.), Primary Health Care Corporation (M.G.A.-K.), and the Ministry of Public Health (H.E.A.-R., M.H.A.-T., R.B.) - all in Doha, Qatar; the Departments of Population Health Sciences (L.J.A.-R., H.C., A.A.B.) and Medicine (A.A.B.), Weill Cornell Medicine, Cornell University, New York; and the Wellcome-Wolfson Institute for Experimental Medicine, Queens University, Belfast, United Kingdom (P.C.).From the Infectious Disease Epidemiology Group (L.J.A.-R., H.C., S.A.) and the World Health Organization Collaborating Center for Disease Epidemiology Analytics on HIV/AIDS, Sexually Transmitted Infections, and Viral Hepatitis (L.J.A.-R., H.C., S.A.), Weill Cornell Medicine-Qatar, Cornell University, Qatar Foundation-Education City, the Departments of Public Health (L.J.A.-R., H.F.A.-R.) and Biomedical Science (H.M.Y., H.A.A.-K., M.K.S., G.K.N.), College of Health Sciences, QU Health, the Mathematics Program, Department of Mathematics, Statistics, and Physics, College of Arts and Sciences (H.H.A.), the Biomedical Research Center, QU Health (H.M.Y., H.A.A.-K., M.K.S., P.C., G.K.N.), Qatar University, the Department of Pathology, Sidra Medicine (P.T., M.R.H.), Hamad Medical Corporation (P.C., Z.A.-K., E.A.-K., A.J., A.H.K., A.N.L., R.M.S., A.A.B., A.A.-K.), Primary Health Care Corporation (M.G.A.-K.), and the Ministry of Public Health (H.E.A.-R., M.H.A.-T., R.B.) - all in Doha, Qatar; the Departments of Population Health Sciences (L.J.A.-R., H.C., A.A.B.) and Medicine (A.A.B.), Weill Cornell Medicine, Cornell University, New York; and the Wellcome-Wolfson Institute for Experimental Medicine, Queens University, Belfast, United Kingdom (P.C.).From the Infectious Disease Epidemiology Group (L.J.A.-R., H.C., S.A.) and the World Health Organization Collaborating Center for Disease Epidemiology Analytics on HIV/AIDS, Sexually Transmitted Infections, and Viral Hepatitis (L.J.A.-R., H.C., S.A.), Weill Cornell Medicine-Qatar, Cornell University, Qatar Foundation-Education City, the Departments of Public Health (L.J.A.-R., H.F.A.-R.) and Biomedical Science (H.M.Y., H.A.A.-K., M.K.S., G.K.N.), College of Health Sciences, QU Health, the Mathematics Program, Department of Mathematics, Statistics, and Physics, College of Arts and Sciences (H.H.A.), the Biomedical Research Center, QU Health (H.M.Y., H.A.A.-K., M.K.S., P.C., G.K.N.), Qatar University, the Department of Pathology, Sidra Medicine (P.T., M.R.H.), Hamad Medical Corporation (P.C., Z.A.-K., E.A.-K., A.J., A.H.K., A.N.L., R.M.S., A.A.B., A.A.-K.), Primary Health Care Corporation (M.G.A.-K.), and the Ministry of Public Health (H.E.A.-R., M.H.A.-T., R.B.) - all in Doha, Qatar; the Departments of Population Health Sciences (L.J.A.-R., H.C., A.A.B.) and Medicine (A.A.B.), Weill Cornell Medicine, Cornell University, New York; and the Wellcome-Wolfson Institute for Experimental Medicine, Queens University, Belfast, United Kingdom (P.C.).From the Infectious Disease Epidemiology Group (L.J.A.-R., H.C., S.A.) and the World Health Organization Collaborating Center for Disease Epidemiology Analytics on HIV/AIDS, Sexually Transmitted Infections, and Viral Hepatitis (L.J.A.-R., H.C., S.A.), Weill Cornell Medicine-Qatar, Cornell University, Qatar Foundation-Education City, the Departments of Public Health (L.J.A.-R., H.F.A.-R.) and Biomedical Science (H.M.Y., H.A.A.-K., M.K.S., G.K.N.), College of Health Sciences, QU Health, the Mathematics Program, Department of Mathematics, Statistics, and Physics, College of Arts and Sciences (H.H.A.), the Biomedical Research Center, QU Health (H.M.Y., H.A.A.-K., M.K.S., P.C., G.K.N.), Qatar University, the Department of Pathology, Sidra Medicine (P.T., M.R.H.), Hamad Medical Corporation (P.C., Z.A.-K., E.A.-K., A.J., A.H.K., A.N.L., R.M.S., A.A.B., A.A.-K.), Primary Health Care Corporation (M.G.A.-K.), and the Ministry of Public Health (H.E.A.-R., M.H.A.-T., R.B.) - all in Doha, Qatar; the Departments of Population Health Sciences (L.J.A.-R., H.C., A.A.B.) and Medicine (A.A.B.), Weill Cornell Medicine, Cornell University, New York; and the Wellcome-Wolfson Institute for Experimental Medicine, Queens University, Belfast, United Kingdom (P.C.).From the Infectious Disease Epidemiology Group (L.J.A.-R., H.C., S.A.) and the World Health Organization Collaborating Center for Disease Epidemiology Analytics on HIV/AIDS, Sexually Transmitted Infections, and Viral Hepatitis (L.J.A.-R., H.C., S.A.), Weill Cornell Medicine-Qatar, Cornell University, Qatar Foundation-Education City, the Departments of Public Health (L.J.A.-R., H.F.A.-R.) and Biomedical Science (H.M.Y., H.A.A.-K., M.K.S., G.K.N.), College of Health Sciences, QU Health, the Mathematics Program, Department of Mathematics, Statistics, and Physics, College of Arts and Sciences (H.H.A.), the Biomedical Research Center, QU Health (H.M.Y., H.A.A.-K., M.K.S., P.C., G.K.N.), Qatar University, the Department of Pathology, Sidra Medicine (P.T., M.R.H.), Hamad Medical Corporation (P.C., Z.A.-K., E.A.-K., A.J., A.H.K., A.N.L., R.M.S., A.A.B., A.A.-K.), Primary Health Care Corporation (M.G.A.-K.), and the Ministry of Public Health (H.E.A.-R., M.H.A.-T., R.B.) - all in Doha, Qatar; the Departments of Population Health Sciences (L.J.A.-R., H.C., A.A.B.) and Medicine (A.A.B.), Weill Cornell Medicine, Cornell University, New York; and the Wellcome-Wolfson Institute for Experimental Medicine, Queens University, Belfast, United Kingdom (P.C.).From the Infectious Disease Epidemiology Group (L.J.A.-R., H.C., S.A.) and the World Health Organization Collaborating Center for Disease Epidemiology Analytics on HIV/AIDS, Sexually Transmitted Infections, and Viral Hepatitis (L.J.A.-R., H.C., S.A.), Weill Cornell Medicine-Qatar, Cornell University, Qatar Foundation-Education City, the Departments of Public Health (L.J.A.-R., H.F.A.-R.) and Biomedical Science (H.M.Y., H.A.A.-K., M.K.S., G.K.N.), College of Health Sciences, QU Health, the Mathematics Program, Department of Mathematics, Statistics, and Physics, College of Arts and Sciences (H.H.A.), the Biomedical Research Center, QU Health (H.M.Y., H.A.A.-K., M.K.S., P.C., G.K.N.), Qatar University, the Department of Pathology, Sidra Medicine (P.T., M.R.H.), Hamad Medical Corporation (P.C., Z.A.-K., E.A.-K., A.J., A.H.K., A.N.L., R.M.S., A.A.B., A.A.-K.), Primary Health Care Corporation (M.G.A.-K.), and the Ministry of Public Health (H.E.A.-R., M.H.A.-T., R.B.) - all in Doha, Qatar; the Departments of Population Health Sciences (L.J.A.-R., H.C., A.A.B.) and Medicine (A.A.B.), Weill Cornell Medicine, Cornell University, New York; and the Wellcome-Wolfson Institute for Experimental Medicine, Queens University, Belfast, United Kingdom (P.C.).From the Infectious Disease Epidemiology Group (L.J.A.-R., H.C., S.A.) and the World Health Organization Collaborating Center for Disease Epidemiology Analytics on HIV/AIDS, Sexually Transmitted Infections, and Viral Hepatitis (L.J.A.-R., H.C., S.A.), Weill Cornell Medicine-Qatar, Cornell University, Qatar Foundation-Education City, the Departments of Public Health (L.J.A.-R., H.F.A.-R.) and Biomedical Science (H.M.Y., H.A.A.-K., M.K.S., G.K.N.), College of Health Sciences, QU Health, the Mathematics Program, Department of Mathematics, Statistics, and Physics, College of Arts and Sciences (H.H.A.), the Biomedical Research Center, QU Health (H.M.Y., H.A.A.-K., M.K.S., P.C., G.K.N.), Qatar University, the Department of Pathology, Sidra Medicine (P.T., M.R.H.), Hamad Medical Corporation (P.C., Z.A.-K., E.A.-K., A.J., A.H.K., A.N.L., R.M.S., A.A.B., A.A.-K.), Primary Health Care Corporation (M.G.A.-K.), and the Ministry of Public Health (H.E.A.-R., M.H.A.-T., R.B.) - all in Doha, Qatar; the Departments of Population Health Sciences (L.J.A.-R., H.C., A.A.B.) and Medicine (A.A.B.), Weill Cornell Medicine, Cornell University, New York; and the Wellcome-Wolfson Institute for Experimental Medicine, Queens University, Belfast, United Kingdom (P.C.).From the Infectious Disease Epidemiology Group (L.J.A.-R., H.C., S.A.) and the World Health Organization Collaborating Center for Disease Epidemiology Analytics on HIV/AIDS, Sexually Transmitted Infections, and Viral Hepatitis (L.J.A.-R., H.C., S.A.), Weill Cornell Medicine-Qatar, Cornell University, Qatar Foundation-Education City, the Departments of Public Health (L.J.A.-R., H.F.A.-R.) and Biomedical Science (H.M.Y., H.A.A.-K., M.K.S., G.K.N.), College of Health Sciences, QU Health, the Mathematics Program, Department of Mathematics, Statistics, and Physics, College of Arts and Sciences (H.H.A.), the Biomedical Research Center, QU Health (H.M.Y., H.A.A.-K., M.K.S., P.C., G.K.N.), Qatar University, the Department of Pathology, Sidra Medicine (P.T., M.R.H.), Hamad Medical Corporation (P.C., Z.A.-K., E.A.-K., A.J., A.H.K., A.N.L., R.M.S., A.A.B., A.A.-K.), Primary Health Care Corporation (M.G.A.-K.), and the Ministry of Public Health (H.E.A.-R., M.H.A.-T., R.B.) - all in Doha, Qatar; the Departments of Population Health Sciences (L.J.A.-R., H.C., A.A.B.) and Medicine (A.A.B.), Weill Cornell Medicine, Cornell University, New York; and the Wellcome-Wolfson Institute for Experimental Medicine, Queens University, Belfast, United Kingdom (P.C.).

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

35263534

Citation

Abu-Raddad, Laith J., et al. "Effect of mRNA Vaccine Boosters Against SARS-CoV-2 Omicron Infection in Qatar." The New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 386, no. 19, 2022, pp. 1804-1816.
Abu-Raddad LJ, Chemaitelly H, Ayoub HH, et al. Effect of mRNA Vaccine Boosters against SARS-CoV-2 Omicron Infection in Qatar. N Engl J Med. 2022;386(19):1804-1816.
Abu-Raddad, L. J., Chemaitelly, H., Ayoub, H. H., AlMukdad, S., Yassine, H. M., Al-Khatib, H. A., Smatti, M. K., Tang, P., Hasan, M. R., Coyle, P., Al-Kanaani, Z., Al-Kuwari, E., Jeremijenko, A., Kaleeckal, A. H., Latif, A. N., Shaik, R. M., Abdul-Rahim, H. F., Nasrallah, G. K., Al-Kuwari, M. G., ... Bertollini, R. (2022). Effect of mRNA Vaccine Boosters against SARS-CoV-2 Omicron Infection in Qatar. The New England Journal of Medicine, 386(19), 1804-1816. https://doi.org/10.1056/NEJMoa2200797
Abu-Raddad LJ, et al. Effect of mRNA Vaccine Boosters Against SARS-CoV-2 Omicron Infection in Qatar. N Engl J Med. 2022 05 12;386(19):1804-1816. PubMed PMID: 35263534.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Effect of mRNA Vaccine Boosters against SARS-CoV-2 Omicron Infection in Qatar. AU - Abu-Raddad,Laith J, AU - Chemaitelly,Hiam, AU - Ayoub,Houssein H, AU - AlMukdad,Sawsan, AU - Yassine,Hadi M, AU - Al-Khatib,Hebah A, AU - Smatti,Maria K, AU - Tang,Patrick, AU - Hasan,Mohammad R, AU - Coyle,Peter, AU - Al-Kanaani,Zaina, AU - Al-Kuwari,Einas, AU - Jeremijenko,Andrew, AU - Kaleeckal,Anvar H, AU - Latif,Ali N, AU - Shaik,Riyazuddin M, AU - Abdul-Rahim,Hanan F, AU - Nasrallah,Gheyath K, AU - Al-Kuwari,Mohamed Ghaith, AU - Butt,Adeel A, AU - Al-Romaihi,Hamad Eid, AU - Al-Thani,Mohamed H, AU - Al-Khal,Abdullatif, AU - Bertollini,Roberto, Y1 - 2022/03/09/ PY - 2022/3/10/pubmed PY - 2022/5/18/medline PY - 2022/3/9/entrez SP - 1804 EP - 1816 JF - The New England journal of medicine JO - N Engl J Med VL - 386 IS - 19 N2 - BACKGROUND: Waning of vaccine protection against coronavirus disease 2019 (Covid-19) and the emergence of the omicron (or B.1.1.529) variant of the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) have led to expedited efforts to scale up booster vaccination. Protection conferred by booster doses of the BNT162b2 (Pfizer-BioNTech) and mRNA-1273 (Moderna) vaccines in Qatar, as compared with protection conferred by the two-dose primary series, is unclear. METHODS: We conducted two matched retrospective cohort studies to assess the effectiveness of booster vaccination, as compared with that of a two-dose primary series alone, against symptomatic SARS-CoV-2 infection and Covid-19-related hospitalization and death during a large wave of omicron infections from December 19, 2021, through January 26, 2022. The association of booster status with infection was estimated with the use of Cox proportional-hazards regression models. RESULTS: In a population of 2,239,193 persons who had received at least two doses of BNT162b2 or mRNA-1273 vaccine, those who had also received a booster were matched with persons who had not received a booster. Among the BNT162b2-vaccinated persons, the cumulative incidence of symptomatic omicron infection was 2.4% (95% confidence interval [CI], 2.3 to 2.5) in the booster cohort and 4.5% (95% CI, 4.3 to 4.6) in the nonbooster cohort after 35 days of follow-up. Booster effectiveness against symptomatic omicron infection, as compared with that of the primary series, was 49.4% (95% CI, 47.1 to 51.6). Booster effectiveness against Covid-19-related hospitalization and death due to omicron infection, as compared with the primary series, was 76.5% (95% CI, 55.9 to 87.5). BNT162b2 booster effectiveness against symptomatic infection with the delta (or B.1.617.2) variant, as compared with the primary series, was 86.1% (95% CI, 67.3 to 94.1). Among the mRNA-1273-vaccinated persons, the cumulative incidence of symptomatic omicron infection was 1.0% (95% CI, 0.9 to 1.2) in the booster cohort and 1.9% (95% CI, 1.8 to 2.1) in the nonbooster cohort after 35 days; booster effectiveness against symptomatic omicron infection, as compared with the primary series, was 47.3% (95% CI, 40.7 to 53.3). Few severe Covid-19 cases were noted in the mRNA-1273-vaccinated cohorts. CONCLUSIONS: The messenger RNA (mRNA) boosters were highly effective against symptomatic delta infection, but they were less effective against symptomatic omicron infection. However, with both variants, mRNA boosters led to strong protection against Covid-19-related hospitalization and death. (Funded by Weill Cornell Medicine-Qatar and others.). SN - 1533-4406 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/35263534/Effect_of_mRNA_Vaccine_Boosters_against_SARS_CoV_2_Omicron_Infection_in_Qatar_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -