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Naturally acquired leprosy in the nine-banded armadillo: a decade of experience 1975-1985.
J Leukoc Biol. 1986 Nov; 40(5):645-56.JL

Abstract

A decade has passed since our first report of naturally acquired leprosy in the nine-banded armadillo. Our studies and those of others during this period confirm the identification of the etiologic agent as Mycobacterium leprae. Confirmation is based on the results of histopathologic examination and microbiologic evaluations that included attempts to culture the organism, flourescent antibody studies, mycolic acid analysis, and DNA determinations demonstrating complete relatedness between the natural agent and M. leprae. Surveys involving large numbers of animals demonstrate a significant prevalence of the disease in armadillos captured in Louisiana and Texas. The discovery of naturally acquired leprosy in a chimpanzee in 1977 and a sooty mangabey monkey in 1979 reinforce the concept of leprosy as a zoonosis. Extensive contact with armadillos has been implicated by other observers in seven patients with leprosy in Texas. We believe the prevalence of leprosy in wild armadillos requires that they be considered a source of infection in patients from geographic areas where leprosy and armadillos co-exist.

Authors

No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

3534127

Citation

Walsh, G P., et al. "Naturally Acquired Leprosy in the Nine-banded Armadillo: a Decade of Experience 1975-1985." Journal of Leukocyte Biology, vol. 40, no. 5, 1986, pp. 645-56.
Walsh GP, Meyers WM, Binford CH. Naturally acquired leprosy in the nine-banded armadillo: a decade of experience 1975-1985. J Leukoc Biol. 1986;40(5):645-56.
Walsh, G. P., Meyers, W. M., & Binford, C. H. (1986). Naturally acquired leprosy in the nine-banded armadillo: a decade of experience 1975-1985. Journal of Leukocyte Biology, 40(5), 645-56.
Walsh GP, Meyers WM, Binford CH. Naturally Acquired Leprosy in the Nine-banded Armadillo: a Decade of Experience 1975-1985. J Leukoc Biol. 1986;40(5):645-56. PubMed PMID: 3534127.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Naturally acquired leprosy in the nine-banded armadillo: a decade of experience 1975-1985. AU - Walsh,G P, AU - Meyers,W M, AU - Binford,C H, PY - 1986/11/1/pubmed PY - 1986/11/1/medline PY - 1986/11/1/entrez SP - 645 EP - 56 JF - Journal of leukocyte biology JO - J Leukoc Biol VL - 40 IS - 5 N2 - A decade has passed since our first report of naturally acquired leprosy in the nine-banded armadillo. Our studies and those of others during this period confirm the identification of the etiologic agent as Mycobacterium leprae. Confirmation is based on the results of histopathologic examination and microbiologic evaluations that included attempts to culture the organism, flourescent antibody studies, mycolic acid analysis, and DNA determinations demonstrating complete relatedness between the natural agent and M. leprae. Surveys involving large numbers of animals demonstrate a significant prevalence of the disease in armadillos captured in Louisiana and Texas. The discovery of naturally acquired leprosy in a chimpanzee in 1977 and a sooty mangabey monkey in 1979 reinforce the concept of leprosy as a zoonosis. Extensive contact with armadillos has been implicated by other observers in seven patients with leprosy in Texas. We believe the prevalence of leprosy in wild armadillos requires that they be considered a source of infection in patients from geographic areas where leprosy and armadillos co-exist. SN - 0741-5400 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/3534127/Naturally_acquired_leprosy_in_the_nine_banded_armadillo:_a_decade_of_experience_1975_1985_ L2 - https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/openurl?genre=article&sid=nlm:pubmed&issn=0741-5400&date=1986&volume=40&issue=5&spage=645 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -