Development and application of specific FISH probes for karyotyping Psathyrostachys huashanica chromosomes.BMC Genomics. 2022 Apr 18; 23(1):309.BG
Psathyrostachys huashanica Keng has long been used as a genetic resource for improving wheat cultivar because of its genes mediating the resistance to various diseases (stripe rust, leaf rust, take-all, and powdery mildew) as well as its desirable agronomic traits. However, a high-resolution fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) karyotype of P. huashanica remains unavailable.
To develop chromosome-specific FISH markers for P. huashanica, repetitive sequences, including pSc119.2, pTa535, pTa713, pAs1, (AAC)5, (CTT)12, pSc200, pTa71A-2, and Oligo-44 were used for a FISH analysis. The results indicated that the combination of pSc200, pTa71A-2 and Oligo-44 probes can clearly identify all Ns genomic chromosomes in the two P. huashanica germplasms. The homoeologous relationships between individual P. huashanica chromosomes and common wheat chromosomes were clarified by FISH painting. Marker validation analyses revealed that the combination of pSc200, pTa71A-2, and Oligo-44 for a FISH analysis can distinguish the P. huashanica Ns-genome chromosomes from wheat chromosomes, as well as all chromosomes (except 4Ns) from the chromosomes of diploid wheat relatives carrying St, E, V, I, P and R genomes. Additionally, the probes were applicable for discriminating between the P. huashanica Ns-genome chromosomes in all homologous groups and the corresponding chromosomes in Psathyrostachys juncea and most Leymus species containing the Ns genome. Furthermore, six wheat-P. huashanica chromosome addition lines (i.e., 2Ns, 3Ns, 4Ns, 7Ns chromosomes and chromosomal segments) were characterized using the newly developed FISH markers. Thus, these probes can rapidly and precisely detect P. huashanica alien chromosomes in the wheat background.
The FISH karyotype established in this study lays a solid foundation for the efficient identification of P. huashanica chromosomes in wheat genetic improvement programs.