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Exploration of multifunctional properties of garlic skin derived cellulose nanocrystals and extracts incorporated chitosan biocomposite films for active packaging application.
Int J Biol Macromol. 2022 Jun 15; 210:639-653.IJ

Abstract

For many years, garlic has been used as a condiment in food and traditional medicine. However, the garlic skin, which accounts for 25% of the garlic bulk, is considered agricultural waste. In this study, cellulose nanocrystals (CNCs) and garlic extract (GE) from garlic skin were isolated and used as fillers to manufacture biocomposite films. The films were characterized in terms of UV barrier, thermal, mechanical, biodegradability, and antimicrobial activity. The chitosan-containing films and CNCs have significantly improved the films' tensile strength, Young's modulus, and elongation but decreased the film transparency compared to chitosan films. The combination of the CNCs and GE, on the other hand, slightly reduced the mechanical properties. The addition of CNCs slightly decreased the film transparency, while the addition of GE significantly improved the UV barrier properties. Thermal studies revealed that the incorporation of CNC and GE had minimal effect on the thermal stability of the chitosan films. The degradability rate of the chitosan composite films was found to be higher than that of the neat chitosan films. The antimicrobial properties of films were studied against Escherichia coli, Streptomyces griseorubens, Streptomyces alboviridis, and Staphylococcus aureus, observing that their growth was considerably inhibited by the addition of GE in composite films. Films incorporating both CNCs and GE from garlic skin hold more promise for active food packaging applications due to a combination of enhanced physical characteristics and antibacterial activity.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Materials Science, Energy and Nano-engineering (MSN) Department, Mohammed VI Polytechnic University (UM6P), Lot 660 - Hay Moulay Rachid, 43150 Ben Guerir, Morocco.Materials Science, Energy and Nano-engineering (MSN) Department, Mohammed VI Polytechnic University (UM6P), Lot 660 - Hay Moulay Rachid, 43150 Ben Guerir, Morocco. Electronic address: zineb.kassab@um6p.ma.Faculty of Engineering, Environmental Engineering Department, Autonomous University of Yucatan, Yucatán, Mexico.Autonomous University of Durango, Campus Saltillo. Boulevard Fundadores No. 8812, Misión Santa Lucía, Colonia Misión Cerritos, zc: 25016 Saltillo, Coahuila, Mexico.AgroBioSciences Program, Mohammed VI Polytechnic University (UM6P), Benguerir 43150, Morocco.Materials Science, Energy and Nano-engineering (MSN) Department, Mohammed VI Polytechnic University (UM6P), Lot 660 - Hay Moulay Rachid, 43150 Ben Guerir, Morocco.Materials Science, Energy and Nano-engineering (MSN) Department, Mohammed VI Polytechnic University (UM6P), Lot 660 - Hay Moulay Rachid, 43150 Ben Guerir, Morocco. Electronic address: mounir.elachaby@um6p.ma.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

35513099

Citation

Salim, Mohamed Hamid, et al. "Exploration of Multifunctional Properties of Garlic Skin Derived Cellulose Nanocrystals and Extracts Incorporated Chitosan Biocomposite Films for Active Packaging Application." International Journal of Biological Macromolecules, vol. 210, 2022, pp. 639-653.
Salim MH, Kassab Z, Abdellaoui Y, et al. Exploration of multifunctional properties of garlic skin derived cellulose nanocrystals and extracts incorporated chitosan biocomposite films for active packaging application. Int J Biol Macromol. 2022;210:639-653.
Salim, M. H., Kassab, Z., Abdellaoui, Y., García-Cruz, A., Soumare, A., Ablouh, E. H., & El Achaby, M. (2022). Exploration of multifunctional properties of garlic skin derived cellulose nanocrystals and extracts incorporated chitosan biocomposite films for active packaging application. International Journal of Biological Macromolecules, 210, 639-653. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2022.04.220
Salim MH, et al. Exploration of Multifunctional Properties of Garlic Skin Derived Cellulose Nanocrystals and Extracts Incorporated Chitosan Biocomposite Films for Active Packaging Application. Int J Biol Macromol. 2022 Jun 15;210:639-653. PubMed PMID: 35513099.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Exploration of multifunctional properties of garlic skin derived cellulose nanocrystals and extracts incorporated chitosan biocomposite films for active packaging application. AU - Salim,Mohamed Hamid, AU - Kassab,Zineb, AU - Abdellaoui,Youness, AU - García-Cruz,Ariel, AU - Soumare,Abdoulaye, AU - Ablouh,El-Houssaine, AU - El Achaby,Mounir, Y1 - 2022/05/02/ PY - 2022/02/08/received PY - 2022/04/24/revised PY - 2022/04/28/accepted PY - 2022/5/6/pubmed PY - 2022/6/1/medline PY - 2022/5/5/entrez KW - Antibacterial KW - Cellulose Nanocrystals KW - Garlic skin SP - 639 EP - 653 JF - International journal of biological macromolecules JO - Int J Biol Macromol VL - 210 N2 - For many years, garlic has been used as a condiment in food and traditional medicine. However, the garlic skin, which accounts for 25% of the garlic bulk, is considered agricultural waste. In this study, cellulose nanocrystals (CNCs) and garlic extract (GE) from garlic skin were isolated and used as fillers to manufacture biocomposite films. The films were characterized in terms of UV barrier, thermal, mechanical, biodegradability, and antimicrobial activity. The chitosan-containing films and CNCs have significantly improved the films' tensile strength, Young's modulus, and elongation but decreased the film transparency compared to chitosan films. The combination of the CNCs and GE, on the other hand, slightly reduced the mechanical properties. The addition of CNCs slightly decreased the film transparency, while the addition of GE significantly improved the UV barrier properties. Thermal studies revealed that the incorporation of CNC and GE had minimal effect on the thermal stability of the chitosan films. The degradability rate of the chitosan composite films was found to be higher than that of the neat chitosan films. The antimicrobial properties of films were studied against Escherichia coli, Streptomyces griseorubens, Streptomyces alboviridis, and Staphylococcus aureus, observing that their growth was considerably inhibited by the addition of GE in composite films. Films incorporating both CNCs and GE from garlic skin hold more promise for active food packaging applications due to a combination of enhanced physical characteristics and antibacterial activity. SN - 1879-0003 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/35513099/Exploration_of_multifunctional_properties_of_garlic_skin_derived_cellulose_nanocrystals_and_extracts_incorporated_chitosan_biocomposite_films_for_active_packaging_application_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0141-8130(22)00940-0 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -